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JRC Emission-PECO Project and Dioxin Emissions in Candidate Countries. P. Dilara, B. Paradiž, Emissions and Health Unit. What is the Joint Research Centre?. The JRC is one of the twenty-four Directorate Generals of the European Commission. European Commission. 20 Commissioners. DG.

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jrc emission peco project and dioxin emissions in candidate countries

JRC Emission-PECO Project and Dioxin Emissions in Candidate Countries

P. Dilara, B. Paradiž,

Emissions and Health Unit

slide2

What is the Joint Research Centre?

The JRC is one of the twenty-four Directorate Generals of the European Commission

European Commission

20 Commissioners

DG

DG

DG

CCR

RECHERCHE

BUDGET

AGRICULTURE

DG

Mr Philippe Busquin European Commissioner for Research

DG

RESEARCH

DG

JRC

………

DG

ENVIRONMENT

and TWENTY

OTHER DGs

slide4

WIND

Laboratory

Changes in

Transport / industry / society

Socio-Economic

Drivers

VELA

Laboratory

Emissions

Environmental

Pressures

CAFÉ Programme

Modeling

Air Quality

Sectoral Directives

Mobile

Labs

Policy

Environmental

Response

State Changes

Impacts

ERLAP

Laboratory

Impact on

Ecosystems / human health

EHU

REM

Exposure / epi / toxi studies

Emissions and Health Unit

outline
Activities of JRC to support enlargement

Status of dioxin inventories in Candidate Countries

CC dioxin sources profile

Capacities at national level

JRC small sources programme

Outline
emission peco
Set-up a network of laboratories on emissions (more than a 100 contact points up to now)

Harmonisation of measurements on emissions (round robin tests, intercalibration, training)

Review of emissions inventories, policies and measures (questionnaires, reports)

Transfer of know-how on emission measurements, EU emission regulations (visits, training, participation to/organisation of conferences)

Emission-PECO
main focus
Assist DG-ENV in implementing the Dioxin Strategy in Candidate Countries

dioxin emissions and inventories

policies and measures to reduce emissions

training course on dioxin stack sampling and analysis

intercomparison of dioxin analysis

assessment of emissions due to household use of solid fuels and abuse of waste as fuel

Main Focus
status of dioxin inventories in ceec
CEEC: 7 out of 10 countries with 75 % of total CEEC population already presented their official inventory to CLRTAP

Comparison with EU: 11 out of 15 countries with 78% of total EU population already presented their official inventory to CLRTAP

CEEC: Reported per capita dioxin emissions on average 0.03 TEQ mg in 1990

EU: Reported per capita dioxin emissions on average 0.02 TEQ mg

Status of Dioxin Inventories in CEEC
approaches for dioxin emission estimations
Most CEEC use only literature derived emission factors

Only two countries have performed an extensive, coordinated measurement activity in order to determine national specific emission factors for key sources

Uncertainty of dioxin emission estimations likely higher than in EU, due to specific national circumstances and use of non-verified emission factors

Approaches for dioxin emission estimations
slide16

Ratio of national dioxin estimation submitted to CLRTAP to the TNO/UBA estimates for 1990

* CEEC with emission factors

derived from measurements

slide17

Priority sectors *

*for reducing of overall inventory uncertainty and focusing abatement measures

Responses from 12 experts from CEEC to the JRC questionnaire

cc sources profile waste incineration
CC sources profile - waste incineration

Responses to the JRC questionnaire

one order of magnitude lower quantity of MW incineration in CEEC than in EU (per capita)

cc sources profile industrial activities
CC sources profile - industrial activities

Responses to the JRC questionnaire

cc sources profile iron steel
CC sources profile - Iron&Steel

200 data, 2001 where marked with *

source: World Steel in Figures-2002 edition, International Iron and Steel Institute

cc sources profile residential heating
CC sources profile - residential heating

Source:Energy Consumption in households, EUROSTAT, 1999 (data from 1995 (EU) and 1996 (CC)

eu vs cc sectorial emissions
EU vs. CC sectorial emissions

LUA - EU Dioxin Inventory Stage II

data + estimations

very rough preliminary estimation

eu inventory uncertainty contribution
EU inventory uncertainty contribution

LUA - EU Dioxin Inventory Stage II

identified capacities at national level
Identified capacities at national level
  • Dioxin stack sampling groups + dioxin lab:
  • Czech republic,
  • Hungary,
  • Poland,
  • Slovenia.
  • Dioxin stack sampling group:
  • Lithuania ?
  • Dioxin lab:
  • Slovakia,
  • Latvia ?
dioxin labs intercomparison campaign

CC1

CC3

CC3

Dioxin Labs Intercomparison Campaign

Bavel van B.: Final report Seventh Round of the International Intercalibration Study, 2002

jrc small sources programme
Parallel approach: direct measurement of emissions and inverse modelling of dioxin ambient air concentrations

New JRC small sources facility put into the operation

optimisation of the test ring to reflect real world conditions,

physical conditions identified which cause elevated dioxin conditions from stoves in comparison with central heating boilers,

2 additional visiting scientists from CC to work on the issue

Inverse modelling

preliminary results of the evaluation of the data from Graz, Austria and Krakow, Poland indicate high emission factors

new measuring campaigns planned for 2003/2004 heating season

JRC small sources programme
conclusions
Emissions sources profile not uniform across the CC - national approach has to be followed

Different source profile in CC than in EU - importance of the non-industrial sources might be higher

Proficient stack sampling group exist in CC as well as some proven dioxin labs

GEF supported enabling activities under POPs convention starting in CC - possible synergies with “Dioxin emissions in CC”

Conclusions