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Pre-departure - Guests. Informing your guests, before you leave dock Use and location of safety equipment SBG pg 20. Safe Fueling. Before you leave Base When at a Fuel Dock “Safe Boating Guide”, page 15 ** Most common mechanical failure is running out of fuel ** The Fuel Rule of “Thirds”

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Pre departure guests
Pre-departure - Guests

  • Informing your guests, before you leave dock

    • Use and location of safety equipment

    • SBG pg 20

Advantage Boating, 2011

Safe fueling
Safe Fueling

  • Before you leave Base

  • When at a Fuel Dock

    “Safe Boating Guide”, page 15

    ** Most common mechanical

    failure is running out of fuel **

    The Fuel Rule of “Thirds”

    Third - Out, Third - Back, Third – In reserve!

Advantage Boating, 2011

Heavy weather
Heavy Weather

Precautions that need to be taken

  • have everyone wear their PFD

  • ensure crew know responsibilities

  • secure all loose gear

  • check that boat is balanced

  • ensure that bilge is dry

  • check location of emergency gear

  • record your position on the chart

  • turn on navigational lights

  • check charts for alternate shelter options

Advantage Boating, 2011

Reduced visibility
Reduced Visibility

Actions to be taken

  • slow down

  • make correct sound signal (as per Collision Regulations)

  • turn on navigational lights

  • post a lookout

  • listen for other boats

  • check your charts

Advantage Boating, 2011

Safe anchorage
Safe Anchorage

Prerequisites for a Good Anchorage

  • Sufficient depth

  • Protected from the wind & waves

  • Not a lee shore

  • Good holding ground

    • Suitable for anchor type

  • Sufficient room to swing

  • Out of the main channel

Advantage Boating, 2011


Where not to anchor or tie up to…

  • In a Narrow Channel

  • In a Swimming Area

  • Up to a Navigation Aid

  • Underwater cables

Advantage Boating, 2011

How to anchor
How to Anchor

  • Ensure anchor secure to rode & rode secure to boat

  • Bow into the wind

  • Full stop of the boat – no forward movement

  • Lower anchor slowly – no throwing

  • With anchor on bottom reverse slowly as line is eased out to required length and secure

  • With rode secure – final set of the anchor under power

  • Scope Ratios – 3:1 5:1 7:1

Advantage Boating, 2011

Anchor rode ratios
Anchor Rode Ratios

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  • Most common non-fatal accident –

    collision between boats

  • Most common fatal accident –

    involve capsize

  • 40% of the fatal accidents involve alcohol

  • Leading cause of deaths in boating accidents -not wearing PFD’s. So wear them all the time!

Advantage Boating, 2011


  • Springing a leak

  • Steering failure

  • Dragging an anchor

  • Capsizing of the boat

  • Running aground

  • Engine failure

  • Fire/explosion

  • Crew overboard

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1 springing a leak
1 - Springing a Leak

Stop Boat - engine in neutral

Start the Pumps

Find the Leak

Plug the Leak

Work your way back to

safety - shore

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2 steering failure
2 - Steering Failure

Stop Boat – lower the anchor

Trouble Shoot the cause

Find Solution

  • Re-attach or tighten

  • Tape Together

  • Jury Rig

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3 dragging anchor
3 - Dragging Anchor

  • Let out more rode

  • If all rode out use a “kellet”

    • See next slide for kellet diagram

      Still Dragging

  • Start motor and retrieve

  • Check anchor not fouled with weeds or rock

  • Re-set

Advantage Boating, 2011

To kellet your anchor
To Kellet your Anchor

Advantage Boating, 2011

4 running aground
4 - Running Aground

Check the safety of the crew

Shut engine off right away

Inspect for damage

Attempt to re-float

Push off with paddles or yourself Pull off using engine Pull off with anchor (Kedge) Lighten the boat Heel the boat Tow off

Once floating try engine

Advantage Boating, 2011

5 engine failure
5 - Engine Failure

If the engine will not re-start immediately --

lower the anchor as quickly as possible.

Now start working through the

Trouble Shooting guide

attached to transom of each boat!

Advantage Boating, 2011

6 fire explosion
6 - Fire/Explosion

Sound Alarm & Ensure Safety of Crew

Use Nearest Fire Extinguisher

Call for Assistance

VHF Mayday and/or Call 911

Source Gases

  • Most dangerous gases on a boat are propane and gasoline

  • Also be aware of hydrogen, methane and carbon monoxide

Advantage Boating, 2011

Carbon monoxide 1
Carbon Monoxide (1)

  • A deadly gas that you can not see, smell or taste

  • Comes from burning any carbon-based fuel

    • Gas, oil, propane, charcoal etc.

  • Created by engines, heaters, cooking ranges, gas generators etc.

  • In through your lungs and cuts off your oxygen supply

  • The “Silent” Killer

Advantage Boating, 2011

Carbon monoxide 2
Carbon Monoxide (2)

  • Signs & Symptoms

    • Itchy eyes

    • Headache

    • Nausea

    • Feeling weak or dizzy

  • Treatment

    • Remove person from the area of exposure and seek medical attention

  • Prevention

    • Fresh air circulating though the boat at all times

    • Install marine grade CO detector(s)

    • Run blowers while running a gas generator

Advantage Boating, 2011

7 capsizing of the boat
7 - Capsizing of the Boat

Check safety of all crew

Are all PFD’s working – need other floatation device

Might be possible to right boat

But generally difficult

Climb up onto the boat

If it is not going to sink

Never swim to shore

Attempt to attract attention

Advantage Boating, 2011

Cold shock
Cold Shock

Caused by a rapid skin cooling

Can kill within 3-5 min. after immersion

  • Initial immersion cause a huge inspiratory gasp

  • Severe hyperventilation /panting with no chance to hold your breath

  • Rapid breathing rate causes muscle spasms of the limbs and chest

  • All of which increases your risk of drowning

  • Also causes a massive increase in heart rate and blood pressure

Advantage Boating, 2011


A lowering of the bodies core temperature.

  • What to do if you are in the water – H.E.L.P or Huddle positions

  • Always stay with the overturned boat

  • Signs of Mild and Serve hypothermia

  • Treatment

Advantage Boating, 2011

Hypothermia s s
Hypothermia – S&S


  • Shivering

  • Complaining of cold

  • Body temperature slightly below normal

  • Numbness

  • Lack of coordination and/or speech

  • Confused or unusual behaviour

  • Impaired judgment


  • Person stops shivering

  • Stopped complaining of cold

  • Body temperature below 30 degrees

  • Numbness

  • Lack of coordination and/or speech, body feels stiff

  • Confused or unusual behaviour

  • Impaired judgment

  • Breathing has slowed down or stopped

Advantage Boating, 2011

Hypothermia treatment
Hypothermia – Treatment

Mild/Moderate / Severe

  • Remove the person from the cold

  • Get them protected from the elements

  • Remove wet clothing if able to provide dry clothes

  • Warm the person slowly, cover head and neck

  • If alert, provide warm liquids – no alcohol or caffeine


  • Must provide a heat source for the warming – buddy in the sleeping bag trick!

Advantage Boating, 2011

Heat related issues s s
Heat Related Issues – S&S

  • Heat Exhaustion

    • Normal or slightly raised temperature

    • Moist skin

    • Skin redder or paler than normal

    • Nausea

    • Dizziness and weakness

    • Exhaustion

  • Heat Stroke

    • High temperature

    • Red, hot, dry skin

    • Irritable, bizarre or aggressive behaviour

    • Progressive loss of consciousness

    • Rapid, weak pulse becoming irregular

    • Rapid, shallow breathing

    • Seizures

Advantage Boating, 2011

Heat related issues treatment
Heat Related Issues - Treatment

  • Heat Exhaustion

    • Resting in a cool location

    • Loosen any tight clothing

    • Put cool water on the skin and fan the person to increase evaporation

    • If conscious, sips of cool water

    • No more activity for the day

    • If condition get worst, treat for heat stroke

  • Heat Stroke

    • Resting in a cool location

    • Cool the body any way you can.

      • Sponge body, ice packs in groin, armpits, back of neck

    • Seek medical attention

Advantage Boating, 2011

Heat related issues prevention
Heat Related Issues - Prevention

  • Stay hydrated – drink plenty of fluids

  • Dressing for the heat

  • Wear a hat in the sun

  • Avoid caffeine and alcohol

  • Take frequent breaks in the shade

  • Canadian Red Cross First Aid & CPR manual

Advantage Boating, 2011

Distress signals
Distress Signals

  • VHF Radio –Mayday

  • Sound Signals

  • Distress Cloth

  • Flares - Type A, B, C, D

  • Flashlights

  • Code Flags

  • Dye Markers

  • Safe Boating Guide pg 65

Advantage Boating, 2011

Rendering assistance
Rendering Assistance


  • It is the law to assist other boaters in distress, as long as it does not put your vessel and crew in danger! (Canada Shipping Act)

Advantage Boating, 2011

Towing a boat
Towing a Boat

  • Set up a towing bridle

  • Bowlines (the knot)

    is your best friend

  • Keep the tow in a

    straight line

  • Do not tow at more than half speed

  • Maintain a watch of the vessel being towed

  • Control slack in the towline to avoid a fouled prop

  • If the towed boat sinks – cut the line with an axe

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Towing a boat1
Towing a Boat

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Towing water sports
Towing - Water Sports

  • Driver and a separate spotter required

  • A seat for the person being towed aboard the vessel

  • If navigation lights needs to be on – then it is not legal to be towing

Advantage Boating, 2011