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Time Line of the War. 1941. Battle for North Africa ongoing – Started in late 1940 British suffering huge defeats at hands of German military German commander in North Africa – Erwin Rommel Pearl Harbor Attacked – December 7, 1941 – Brings America into World War II

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  • Battle for North Africa ongoing – Started in late 1940
    • British suffering huge defeats at hands of German military
    • German commander in North Africa – Erwin Rommel
  • Pearl Harbor Attacked – December 7, 1941 – Brings America into World War II
    • America declares war on Japan – December 8, 1941
  • Germany and Italy declare war on United States – December 11, 1941
  • American forces lose the islands of Guam, Wake Island, and Philippines
    • British lose Hong Kong
  • Battle for the Atlantic Begins
    • German U-boats were attacking shipping ways from U.S. to Great Britain – sinking American ships
    • America responds by building a huge amount of warships which makes convoys harder to take out
  • Germany ends Non-Aggression Pact with Soviet Union – German invasion of Soviet Union
    • One major factor Germany did not plan for – Russian Winter – this kills countless men and destroys many pieces of machinery
  • Battle of Stalingrad begins – Germany storms major Soviet city but cannot take control of it
    • This ends the German expansion and from this point forward Germany will shrink in size
  • Battle of El-Alamein fought – Britain finally gains a land victory against Germany in North Africa
  • Operation Torch enacted by U.S. military – invasion of North Africa through Morocco and Algeria
1942 pacific war events japan offensive
1942 (Pacific War Events) – Japan Offensive
  • American forces on Philippines surrender
    • Led to Bataan Death March – American soldiers were starved and forced to march 5 days straight across the Bataan Peninsula
  • Doolittle Raid occurs – April 18 – American pilots bomb Japan mainland
  • Americans win naval battle – Battle of Coral Sea
    • Led by Admiral Chester Nimitz
    • Stopped a Japanese invasion of Port Moresby – Americans lost a carrier and aircraft
    • First Japanese defeat in Pacific
  • Battle of Midway – Japan tried to destroy the remaining U.S. naval power in Pacific
    • America gained major advantage here – broke Japanese secret codes
    • Knew everything about the Japanese invasion
    • By winning this battle – American forces did great damage to Japanese navy
  • Battle of Guadalcanal begins – Americans first major land invasion against Japanese controlled territory
  • Rommel’s forces defeated in North Africa
  • Allied forces begin invasion of Italy – invade Sicily
    • Led to many Italians turning on their leader Benito Mussolini
    • This saw the use of the Tuskegee Airmen – first segregated all African-American fighter pilot group in American history
  • Battle of Guadalcanal ends – Japanese flee the island
    • Americans show they are implementing a plan called Island Hopping or taking of strategic islands on way to Japanese mainland – attacked Japanese weak spots
  • Allied forces invade Anzio on the Italian mainland – first time that Allied troops had foothold on European mainland since 1940.
  • D-Day Invasion occurs – June 6, 1944 – Allied invasion of France to speed up the end of the war
    • Led by: Omar Bradley
    • Largest amphibious assault in the history of war
    • Code name: Operation Overlord
    • Led to Allied forces breaking through German lines and moving quickly toward Germany
  • Battle of the Bulge – December 16, 1944 – refers to fight of Allied troops to sure up a bulge in American lines after a German counterattack
    • Germans were trying to Belgium city of Bastogne – major crossroads
    • American soldiers were stuck in the city
    • George S. Patton led his army 100 miles in 48 hours to relieve the men in Bastogne and chase the Germans away
  • Americans retake Philippines – MacArthur lives up to promise of returning
    • Major battle – Battle of Leyte Gulf – Japanese begin using Kamikaze attacks where pilots intentionally crash planes into targets.
  • Yalta Conference – Roosevelt met with Churchill and Stalin to decide what to do with a post-war Germany
    • Divide it into 4 sectors – one sector each for British, French, Americans, and Soviets to occupy by using soldiers to control the region
  • March 7 – Americans enter Germany – led to capture of thousands of German soldiers
  • April 12 – President Roosevelt dies
  • Hitler commits suicide and dies in his bunker – April 30
  • May 7-8 – Germany surrenders = V-E Day (Victory in Europe)
  • June – United Nations is established
    • Purpose: To encourage cooperation among countries instead of going to war
  • Potsdam Conference occurs (July) – meeting where America and British tried to get Soviets to live up to Yalta Conference promises because of growing fear of Communism
1945 pacific war events japan offensive
1945 (Pacific War Events) – Japan Offensive
  • Battle of Iwo Jima begins – ends with American soldiers taking the high point of the island Mt. Suribachi
    • Japanese soldiers begin to fight to the death – no surrender
  • Battle of Okinawa – Americans have to fight cave to cave on the island to get the Japanese out of the island
    • Again all Japanese fight to the death
    • This along with Iwo Jima were areas that Americans wanted to take for land bases for heavy bomber aircraft
  • Fire Bombing of Tokyo Begins – dropped bombs that created firestorms in Tokyo destroying many buildings and killing many Japanese
    • Led by General Curtis LeMay
    • Led to Japanese wanting to start peace talks by going through Russia
  • August 6 – Enola Gay (B-29 Bomber) drops the first Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima, Japan
  • August 9 – Second Atomic Bomb dropped on Nagasaki, Japan after no surrender on first bomb drop
  • August 15 – Emperor Hirohito of Japan officially surrenders to Allies – V-J Day