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Vocabulary Review. Ch 26 - Fungi. In biology, a fungus that grows in the form of a tangled mass of filaments. Mold.

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vocabulary review

Vocabulary Review

Ch 26 - Fungi

slide3
A very small, unicellular fungus that ferments carbohydrates into alcohol and carbon dioxide; used to ferment beer and to leaven bread and used as a source of vitamins and proteins

Yeast

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A carbohydrate that forms part of the exoskeleton of arthropods and other organisms, such as insects, crustaceans, fungi, and some algae

Chitin

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A dividing wall, or partition, such as the wall between adjacent cells in a fungal hypha, the internal wall between adjacent s3egments of an annelid, and the thick wall between the right and left chambers of the heart

Septum

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The ability of some organisms, such as fungi, to exist in two forms, depending in general on the temperature and availability of nutrients

Dimorphism

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In fungi, a reproductive process in which septate hypha dry and shatter and individual cells that act as spores are released

Fragmentation

asexual reproduction in which a part of the parent organism pinches off and forms a new organism
Asexual reproduction in which a part of the parent organism pinches off and forms a new organism

Budding

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A root-like structure in nonvascular plants, such as mosses or liverworts, that holds the plants in place and aids in absorption

Rhizoid

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In plants, a creeping stem that can develop roots and shoots at its nodes or at its tip to form new individuals; the creeping hypha of some fungi that gives rise to new individuals

Stolon

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In members of the phylum Zygomycota, a sexual structure that is formed by the fusion of two gametangia and that contains one or more zygotes that resulted from the fusion of gametes produced by the gametangia

Zygosporangium

a reproductive structure that produces male sex cells in flowerless and seedless plants
A reproductive structure that produces male sex cells in flowerless and seedless plants

Antheridium

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A mass of cells formed by a fungus in symbiosis with a photosynthetic partner (usually a cyanobacterium or green algae); lichen typically grow on nutrient-poor surfaces, such as rocks and tree bark

Lichen

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A toxic fungal poison that causes liver cancer; found as contaminants in peanuts and corn; produced by a species of the genus Aspergillus

Aflatoxin

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