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SDN / NFV – Cloud Data Center Solution Overview

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  1. SDN / NFV – Cloud Data CenterSolution Overview September 18, 2013 Version 2.1

  2. Cloud Data Center MarketTwo Macro Trends 1. Top Investment Drviers: Virtualization & Security 2. Consolidation & Cloud Trends = Rise of Large Scale Data Centers Source: Data Center Deployment and SDN Strategies: North American Enterprise Survey - October 25, 2012

  3. 10G / 40G Adoption Spirent new DX2 / FX2 line and 400G ready chassis provide best of breed solutions for high density 10/40/100G testing.

  4. Other DC Investment Drivers • Spirent is focused on solutions for the top two concerns • Virtualization • Large DC adoption of VM much faster: 53% increase projected in the next 12 months alone! • Spirent’s Virtual Solutions validate performances of VM, Virtual Switches, NFV, Hypervisors… • AppSec • Security & App Performance are top concerns • Avalanche Virtual & Avalanche Next is industry leading AppSec testing solutions

  5. How about SDN?(Hype? or Not?) '12 - '18 Market Forecast by Product Category SDN Spend by Use Case Cloud Service Provider Datacenter - Hyper-scale Datacenter, Web 2.0 Datacenter Service Provider - WAN Edge, Metro, Core, Mobile Backhaul, Mobile Packet Core Source: Lightspeed ventures and SDNCentral

  6. Hype Aside – Cloud Data Centeradoption of SDN is real!

  7. Data Center Networks

  8. Large Scale Ethernet Fabric Tests • June.2012 - World Largest Ethernet Fabric Test – Juniper • 1,536x 10G Ports • 2.357M Low Latency L2/3 streams • Multicast w/ IGMP • In Progress – with two vendors • 384x 40G ports • 40x 100G ports • Spirent is Leader in This Space! • Test Throughput, Queueput, forwarding, frame loss, congestion • RFC 2889, Benchmarking Methodology for LAN Switching Devices • RFC 2544, Benchmarking Methodology for Network Interconnect Devices • RFC 3918, Methodology for IP Multicast Benchmarking • Draft Data Center Bridging Benchmarking (tests 802.1Qbb and 802.Qaz) • RFC 5180, IPv6 Benchmarking Methodology for Network Interconnect Devices • RFC 4814, Hash and Stuffing: Overlooked Factors in Network Device Benchmarking

  9. Spirent Data Center Solutions • Convergence of storage networking and data networking • FCoE, LLDP/DCBX, PFC • Convergence of layer 2 and layer 3 • TRILL, Shortest Path Bridging, Fabricpath • Making the network deal with compute virtualization • VEPA/EVB, LISP • Connecting multiple data centers/pods • OTV • Software Defined Network • Openflow Controller Emulation 1.3 • Openflow Compliance Testing – OFTest 1.0.1

  10. Spirent dX2 • 8-port QSFP+ single slot module • Industry leading 10G density – 32 ports per slot • Industry leading 40G density – 8 ports per slot (2x competition) • Industry leading dual-speed 40G/10G density (speed set per QSFP+ port) • Lowest cost of ownership for both 10G and 40G • 1,536 10G or 384 40G ports per rack • Massive traffic scale to fully load the largest fabrics

  11. Spirent fX2 • Highest Density of any Test Module in its Class • Industry-leading 10G density – 20 ports per slot • Industry–leading 40G density – 5 ports per slot • Industry-leading dual-speed 40G/10G density (speed set per QSFP+ port) • Speed configurable per QSFP+ port • 64K Tx and 128K Rx streams per port first release & increasing thereafter!

  12. QSFP+ Overview • dX2 and fX2 modules come with QSFP+ interfaces • QSFP+ = quad SFP+ • Equivalent to 4 SFP+ interfaces in a smaller QSFP+ package • Can run 40G Ethernet as well as 4 x 10G Ethernet • 4 x 10G operation connected to a SFP+ DUT requires “breakout” cable options

  13. VXLAN • Unknown MAC address sent via multicast to all other VTEPs • VTEPs learn VM Mac to VTEP IP mappings similar to a Bridge • Known MAC address sent via point-to-point tunnel between VTEP • Mac-in-IP Overlay • VTEP (typically Vswitch) maps VMs to VxLAN tunnel • 24 bit VXLAN Header (16M VXLANs) • Crosses Layer 3 boundaries

  14. Typical Test Scenarios Wizard: • Create multiple VTEPs and VMs behind the VTEPs • Create VMs (hosts) behind the customers switch • Create traffic between the VMs • Enable IGMP on the VTEPs • Map VMs to a multicast group • Map VMs to a VXLAN segment Tests: • VTEP Performance / Scale • Mac / VXLAN Scale • Mac Learning / Multicast • VM Mobility • Duplicate Mac / VLAN • Traffic Leaking between VXLAN Testing Virtual VTEP Testing Physical VTEP Large Scale VTEP & VM Emulation

  15. Top Differentiators • Large scale Ethernet fabric testing is our strength! • DX2 / FX2 – highest density 10/40G • New STC Chassis – 100/400G ready for future • Protocol/Realism, Unified Platform, Intelligent Results, Wizards, iTest… • Avalanche Next provides industry best AppSec test solution with traffic realism

  16. OPenflow

  17. Spirent and OpenFlow • ONF member since founding year • Co-Funded open-source OFTest conformance test suite • Spirent solution based on OFTest – actual tool used by ONF for certification testing • Hosting Plugfest Nov 4-8 • Active participation in Testing & Interoperability Working Group • Weekly calls • Test Case Contributions • 3-4 engineers at each Plugfest

  18. OpenFlow Testing Challenges • Debate whether OpenFlow can scale • Latency in Reactive Mode • Limited length and width in TCAM flow tables • Mix of Switches w/ various capabilities (L2, L3, L2/3, hybrid…) • Mix of Controllers – Availability / Performance concerns • Security – hardening the controller, protocols… • Traffic leakage between tenants • Very Complex & Tedious Test Workflows • Disconnection between Network (SDN) and Application / Security testing (NFV)

  19. OpenFlow 1.0 & 1.3 Support • Port Discovery (via LLDP) • Scale & Performance • 1M flows and Multiple Controller per port • True latency measurements • Fully automated flow building wizard • Reduce setup time by up to 4X • OpenFlow Timing Measurements • Flow Update Add Count = Number of flows added • Flow Update Add Time = Time to add flows • Flow Update Add Rate = Rate of flow adds (flows/sec) • Barrier Response Time = Time between Barrier Request and Reply • Flow Update Add Setup Time = Time between First flow add Barrier Reply • All 1.0 Match Fields • 1.3 Features: IPv6, MPLS Support, Group Definitions and Rate Limits (Metering) • Coming Soon: • OpenflowTLV Editor (with Custom TLV support) • Switch Emulation

  20. Testing Standard Compliance • OFTest – Unbuntu VM Package (available for download very soon) • OFTest is “official” tool used by ONF for certification • Our Ubuntu Package is available for free download. It makes OFTest much easier to install and start. • iTest / OFTest Conformance Test Suite (1.0.1) (Oct 2013) • Automation – Configuring & running OFTest VMs and SUTs • Analysis – Collects logs from OFTest / SUTs, WireShark decodes • Test Authoring – easily add / extend use cases • Coming Soon – Compliance testing for OpenFlow 1.3 (Nov 2013)

  21. Support Partners in Public Demos • June.2013 - Interop Tokyo 2013 Grand-Prix Award • OpenFlow 1.3 Interoperability • June.2013 - ONF Plugfest • OpenFlow 1.3 Controller Emulation • Aug.2013 - Global Open Networking and SDN Conference 2013 in Beijing • First public OpenFlow 1.3 test in China

  22. Partnership with SDN Central & Network Test (David Newman) • SDN/NFV Test Methodologies • NFV  Overlay  Underlay • VM-VM Inter/Intra Servers, Racks, DC • VM Motions • NS EW Traffic Patterns • Dynamic underlay network • VM placements • Joint development / marketing • Public Tests with SDN/NFV vendors

  23. Open Networking Lab – Menlo Park • Stanford + Berkeley Technology Transfers • Collaborating on Test Methodologies for: • SDN-IP BGP Beering – large scale BGP protocol emulation • ONOS – HA SDN Controller testing • Flowvisor / Netvisor – VLAN leaking

  24. Virtual infrastructure and NFV Testing

  25. SDN Landscape • NFV • NV • Open Flow NFV NFV NFV Compute Infrastructure VSwitch Overlay Network (VXLAN, NVGRE) VSwitch VSwitch Underlay Network OpenFlow Controller Management Console

  26. The Move to beyond Hardware

  27. Spirent TestCenter VirtualAvalanche Virtual • Top Differentiators • Virtual & Physical Ports are identical • All STC & AV “goodness” are available as virtual • Great for Test Cases than spans virtual & physical • Only solution that can test L2-7 & Storage IO simultaneously • No lag in feature releases between physical & virtual =

  28. Testing vSwitch, Hypervisor, NIC & Server • Runs on a Hypervisor or Bare Metal Server • Vmware, KVM, QEMU, Xen, HyperV • Benchmarking • Virtual Switches • Virtual NICs / acceleration technologies • High-end servers / NICs • Identifies effectiveness of various performance tuning factors Servers / Applications DataCenter Switches SAN Storage Array NAS Network Attached Storage Benchmarking on Cisco UCS server

  29. Testing VM Live Migration • Test vMotions using real VMs • Use native live migration mechanism • vMotion • XenMotion • Concurrent Live (Hyper-V) • Live Migration (Red Hat) • Test realistic LAN L2-7 & SAN I/O simultaneously Server L2-7 & Storage I/O Server Server Any Hypervisors Switch Switch STC 1/10/40G HW test ports Storage target

  30. Testing NFV / Service Chains Spirent Solutions: • Validate NFV Virtual Firewall, IDS/IPS, NAT, etc. performance • Validate End-to-End Service Chain performance • Simulate realistic Application & Security traffic Firewall NAT IDS VSwitch VSwitch VSwitch OpenFlow Controller Management Console 10/40/100G

  31. VMWorld 2013 w/ Net Optics – Validating Virtual Switch & Virtual Appliance Performance & QoE Impact • Spirent Avalanche Virtual + NetOptics Phantom Virtual Tap Solution • Validate performance & scale of virtual tap and virtual security appliances • Simulate large scale security attacks and web / application traffic • Measure QoE impact

  32. Top Differentiators • Only vendor with truly end-to-end solutions • Across Compute & Network layers • Across Virtual & Physical infrastructure • Orchestration / Integration for end-to-end test methodologies • Unified Platform & Virtual is key • Virtual is 100% same as Physical • Same GUI, scripts, methodologies across AV, STC, HW & Virtual • SDN/NFV testing requires mix of virtual & physical ports • East-South Traffic (STCv/AVv to STCv/AVv - Inter / Intra Server & Racks) • North-South Traffic (STCv to STC – Servers to Cloud of Hosts) • Realism Matters • Leverage Spirent’s Industry Leading Avalanche and Avalanche Virtual

  33. Improving Software Engineering Efficiency Using Dynamic Virtual Test Bed

  34. A new direction … Continuous Integration • SW Development Process • Integrate Code Daily • Each Integration Verified/Tested • Detect integration errors quicker • Reduced integration problems • Cohesive Software Development

  35. What does Spirent’s CI look like …

  36. NEM Based Continuous Integration Case Study *Metrics are based on manual and approximated calculations due to lack of rigorous monitoring ** Indicates a successful build or test cycle and omits failures

  37. Solution Today: STCvAVv & iTest

  38. Success Story: Why a major NEM chose iTest and STC? • Challenges • Regression testing takes 4 days • Must manually configure DUTs • Testing Edge Router requires 3 additional DUTs and 84 test ports • Results • iTest reduced time to test to 7 hours • STC supports “device-behind-device” reducing required ports to 24 • Reduce test-bed cost to $200k from $1M