The Rural-Urban Fringe • Lesson Aim: To find out what has happened on the Rural-Urban Fringe especially regarding housing.
The Rural-Urban Fringe Describe what you can see in the photo
What is the rural-urban fringe? • It is the area where the city meets the countryside. Key words: 1/ Greenfield site – one that has not been built on before 2/ Brownfield site – one that has been built on before
What is the land used for in the RUF? • Housing developments as urban sprawl continues • Science and business parks • Hyper-markets and superstores • Retail parks & out of town shopping centres • Office developments • Hotels and conference centres • Airport expansion
Shopping Centres Why do they want to locate at the RUF? Cheap land Room to expand Close to motorways Space for parking Leisure facilities can also be provided Local suburban work force
Airports • Massive increase in air traffic predicted by 2030. • Low cost carriers such as Easy Jet are increasing their routes and passenger numbers. • Expansion of Bournemouth Airport • Problems: noise & air pollution, more traffic in the area, loss of biodiversity, visual pollution.
Housing Why is housing built at the RUF? More housing is needed as more people are living alone and living longer. Land is cheap Peace and quiet Less crime Easy access to motorways Good access to countryside
What are the negative impacts caused by developing the RUF? • Large areas of countryside may be lost • Buildings may be out of character with existing rural buildings • Villages become suburbanised • Traffic is likely to increase ( both cars and lorries) • There may be some noise or pollution • NIMBY
How can change at the RUF be managed? Creating ‘Green Belts’ – a zone of countryside around a city where development is controlled.They aim to: • Prevent urban sprawl • Prevent towns merging • Preserve the special character of towns NOT ALL CITIES HAVE GREEN BELTS. Examples include London, Oxford and Bournemouth. However, greenbelts are often leap-frogged and development happens just outside it. 1100 hec lost each year since 1997. http://news.bbc.co.uk/media/avdb/news_web/video/9012da68001e538/bb/09012da68001e72d_16x9_bb.asx BBC Video clip – How they have benefited England.
Other Policies In recent years the Government has tried to reduce pressure on the RUF by encouraging development of brownfield sites over greenfield sites, and stopping any more out of town shopping centres from being built.
Greenfield Vs Brownfield • Why build on Brownfield Sites?- many areas have unoccupied buildings which could be upgraded- brownfield sites already have utilities such as water and gas pipes- development in urban as opposed to rural areas can help reduce reliance on cars
Greenfield Vs Brownfield • Why build on Greenfield Sites?- part 1 video - generally perceived as better quality of life in the countryside Watch this video about the Green Belt near Utrecht, Holland. Why did the family move into a house in the green belt? • part 2 show the effects of this building. Make sure you understand the economic and environmental effects
Is a new housing area coming to Salisbury? • Building companies are looking at extending the housing at Hampton Park • Why would some people be against this development? • Why would some people be for this development?
Is a new housing estate coming to Salisbury? • Your homework is to imagine you are a high ranking manager for a building company. You need to write to the town council explaining how you will appease the worries of the local people about this Greenfield development. Specifically you need to explain how you will make the area more sustainable.