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Bilingualism. Tonja L. Root Early Childhood & Reading Education Valdosta State University Valdosta, GA 31698. Bilingualism: 1990 Census Figures. 31.8 million people speak 329 different languages. Most common foreign language is Spanish.

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bilingualism

Bilingualism

Tonja L. Root

Early Childhood & Reading Education

Valdosta State University

Valdosta, GA 31698

bilingualism 1990 census figures
Bilingualism: 1990 Census Figures
  • 31.8 million people speak 329 different languages.
  • Most common foreign language is Spanish.
  • Spanish is spoken by 17 million; 54% do not speak English at home.
cultural awareness
Cultural Awareness
  • Not presenting contribution of each culture in isolation
  • Understanding the interaction of contributions of various cultures
  • Making cultural connections
  • Understanding that each has a culture that is part of our being
cultural differences metaphors
Cultural Differences: Metaphors
  • Melting pot
  • 19th & 20th centuries
  • Acculturation: acquiring the culture from a geographic area, not maintaining own culture
  • Ethnic groups assimilating to form one culture
cultural differences metaphors1
Cultural Differences: Metaphors
  • Stew or Salad
  • Allowed individuals to dictate which culture qualities should be chosen to be part of it
  • Elitism promoted destruction of cultural pride, encourages discrimination & prejudice
  • Did not recognize need for pluralism & enculturation
cultural differences metaphors2
Cultural Differences: Metaphors
  • National fabric or Tapestry
  • Respect & acceptance of all diversities
  • Makes all a part of this nation
  • Allows for appreciation & interaction of cultures
  • Allows for cultural assimilation & own cultural identity
bilingual education programs
Bilingual Education Programs
  • Bilingual classroom: ESL instruction & instruction in native language
  • ESL program: ESL class & mainstreamed into general education classes

*Exit: LPL (lang. prof. level) test

difficulties for bilingual learning
Difficulties for Bilingual Learning
  • Takes 5-7 yrs. to acquire English to perform successfully in academic areas
  • Vocabulary development needed
strategies
Strategies
  • Use journal writing: prior know-ledge, new concepts, miscon-ceptions, metacognition of learn-ing & problems, feelings & emotions.
  • Cooperative learning
  • Language experience approach
  • Sustained silent reading