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EKONOMI INTERNASIONAL I. Pertemuan X : Instrument kebijakan perdagangan : Tarif. Ferry Prasetyia , SE., MAppEc. Kebijakan Tarif. Efek dari tarif. Tarif dilihat sebagai tambahan biaya transportasi

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ekonomi internasional i

EKONOMI INTERNASIONAL I

Pertemuan X : Instrument kebijakanperdagangan: Tarif

Ferry Prasetyia, SE., MAppEc

efek dari tarif
Efekdaritarif
  • Tarifdilihatsebagaitambahanbiayatransportasi
  • Terjadikelebihanpermintaandanpenawaranketikapenjualtidakmaumenjualbarangnnyaakibattarif. Sehinggamenyebabkanhargatinggididomestikdanturundi LN

PT – P*T = t

PT = P*T + t

Sumber: Krugman and Obsfeld (2008)

analisa partial equilibrium
Analisa Partial Equilibrium
  • Melihatefekkebijakanperdagangandenganfokuspada single market
  • Asusmsi
    • Duanegara: domestikdan LN
    • Satubarang: domestikdan LNmasing-2 memproduksidanmengkonsumsi
    • Biayatransportasimurahantarnegara
    • Kursbersifatkonstan
    • Domestikdiasumsikanmengimporbarangdari LN
    • Harga equilibrium price ditentukanolehkurvapermintaandomestikdankurvapenawaran LN

Sumber: Veitch (2005)

slide5

P2

P1

D1 – S1

P0

MD

D0 – S0

D1 – S1

D0 – S0

KurvaPermintaanDomestik

Home Market

Imports

Price, P

Price, P

S

D

Quantity, Q

Quantity, Q

Sumber: Veitch (2005)

slide6

XS

S*2 – D*2

P2

S*1 – D*1

P1

P0

S*1 – D*1

S*2 – D*2

KurvaPenawaran LN

Foreign Market

Exports

Price, P

Price, P

S*

MC

D*

Quantity, Q

Quantity, Q

Sumber: Veitch (2005)

slide7

XS

PW

MD

QT

World Partial Equilibrium

World Market

Price, P

Quantity, Q

Sumber: Veitch (2005)

slide8

XS’

t

PT

t

P*T

Tarifdi Negara Besar

Domestic

Price

Home Country

World Market

Foreign Country

Foreign

Price

Price

DH

SH

DF

SF

XS

PW

MD

Sumber: Veitch (2005)