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Karnataka State Universities Act . Academic Staff College University of Mysore Prof. K.S Suresh JSS Law College Autonomous. Mysore. What Ails Indian Universities. “If you plan for a year, plant a seed. If for ten years, plant a tree. If for a hundred years, teach the people”

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karnataka state universities act

Karnataka State Universities Act

Academic Staff College

University of Mysore

Prof. K.S Suresh

JSS Law College



what ails indian universities
What Ails Indian Universities

“If you plan for a year, plant a seed.If for ten years, plant a tree.If for a hundred years, teach the people”

“When you sow one seed,You will reap a single harvest.When you teach the people,You will reap a hundred harvests”

JSS Law College

post independence scenario era of subsidies
Post Independence Scenario - Era of subsidies
  • Three million students leave schools, every year, to join 417+ universities.
  • There are only about 150 Deemed Universities and 26000+ colleges to meet this demand.
  • Average monthly Tuition Fee in India is equal to a cup of coffee in Café Coffee Day.
  • The Fee ranges from Rs.30 to 100 per month, except in few Private Universities.
  • Fee is frozen since 1960. It barely accounts 5-6% of actual cost. Where as in US it is 60% and 27% in China.

JSS Law College

post independence scenario era of subsidies1
Post Independence Scenario - Era of subsidies
  • At St. Stephan’s College, Delhi for Liberal Arts course the fee is Rs.360 per year. Where as in US at Amherst College it is Rs.14 Lakh/ year.
  • In Delhi University average fee is Rs.180/ year.
  • Harward University charges Rs.14.6 Lakh/ year
  • The Indian Taxpayers pay Rs.32,900 crore to fund higher education.
  • Only 6,000-7,000 admitted to IITs after grueling entrance test which is heavily subsidised.
  • But the salary they get is 9-10 Lakh/year i.e., double the fee.

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unscientific fee pattern
Unscientific Fee Pattern
  • Now IIMs and IITshave increased their fees

5 – 11.5 lakh (Ahmedabad)

5 – 8 lakh (Bangalore)

4 – 8 lakh (Calcutta)

  • The hike of Tuition Fee in US and UK is 14% every year.
  • China Charges 27% of the cost.
  • Higher education is regarded as ‘private good’ for which market

forces should determine the fee.

  • Subsidy has resulted in poor infrastructure, lack of talented faculty.
  • Govtis spending less and less by the year on Higher education.

1991 - 92 – 7676/ student.

1993 – 94 – 5500 / student. (Steep cut in library allocation).

  • NASSCOM survey indicates that 75% of Engineering graduates of 1346

colleges are unemployabl.e

  • Only 10 -15 % of students of 26000+ Arts, Commerce colleges are

industry ready.

JSS Law College

pathetic condition of indian higher education
Pathetic Condition of Indian Higher Education
  • Of the 500 top colleges/ Universities none of the Indian college figures.
  • National Knowledge Commission recommends that 20% of the cost should be met by tuition fee.
  • Top private schools charge 1000-4000 P.M. Top students of these schools grab most of the seats of premier institutes like IIM, JNU, University of Delhi, St. Stephens etc.,.
  • Upper and Middle class students reap highest benefit of subsidy.

JSS Law College

pathetic condition of indian higher education1
Pathetic Condition of Indian Higher Education
  • Professional education seat sharing formal is 65:35.
  • In TMAPai’s case Supreme Court permitted private institutions to design there admission and charge fee accordingly.
  • But political interference create problem in fee hike e.g., Lucknow University increased fee from Rs. 300 to Rs. 1162 which resulted in political unrest.
  • Delhi University Tuition Fee is frozen since 60 years at Rs.180, resulting in huge deficit and vacancy in teaching posts.

JSS Law College

pathetic condition of indian higher education2
Pathetic Condition of Indian Higher Education
  • 417+ Universities for 110 crore population
  • India has 18% of world population
  • 2.6% land mass
  • People 25-61 age group is highest in the world.
  • Nearly half of the population is less than 30 years of age.
  • 61% of universities are ‘B’ grade.
  • 23% are ‘C’ grade
  • 16% are ‘A’ grade

JSS Law College

funding of higher education
Funding of Higher Education
  • Autonomy has not resulted in fee revision in college. Alumni

donations are penalized.

  • Heavy subsidization has not helped at tertiary level, in access to

higher education. Admission at Tertiary level is as follows:

India - 9%

US - 83%

UK - 60%

China - 20%

  • De-factoprivatization in professional colleges has taken place.

Hardly any move of privatization at the level of University


  • Heavily deficit and over extended central and states funding of

Higher Education.

  • According Knowledge Commission the funding for higher education

in India is 0.7% GDP, where as it is 2.9% US, and 0.5 in China.

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n k c on higher education
N.K.C. on Higher Education
  • Higher Education out layshall be raised to 1.5% of 6%.
  • 1500 colleges to be added to current pool of 26000 colleges to

improve tertiary level education to reach 15%

  • Under 11th Plan, Planning commission has recommended for

2,36,997 crore for higher education, an addition of 47,399 crore

to previous plan period.

  • This is not sufficient unless heavy private and foreign

investment is made in higher education

  • Liberalization and deregulation is a must.
  • Industry and Government are suffering from unprecedented

shortage of funds and skilled labour.

  • Indian academy should improve if 8% growth is to be

maintained steadily.

JSS Law College

education as a long term investment
Education as a long term investment.

US System.

  • “NEEDS BLIND ADMISSION SYSTEM”- followed in 38 US top private

universities including Harward, Princeton, Yale and Brown.

  • During admission students’ fee paying ability is not verified.
  • Admission is made only on competence and merit and Tuition fee is

determined later.

  • ‘Need’ formula is applied by providing financial aid.
  • No meritorious student is ever denied admission.

Endowment corpus;

Harward - $34 Billion

Yale - $22.5 Billion

Stanford - $17.2 Million

JSS Law College

us system
US System

US success is due to following reasons:

    • Appropriateness of Tuition Fee student and parents should contribute at least public funded universities.
    • Tradition of honest revealing of income and expenditure by universities for documentation purpose.
    • A tradition of Philanthropy which helps accumulation of corpuses
  • In US $56 billion is given in student loans and aid.
  • Loans and Scholarship are a must for a genuine

and meritorious student.

JSS Law College

national knowledge commission recommendations
National Knowledge Commission Recommendations
  • It has made 200 recommendations on 26 issues.
  • Govt. support should increase from 0.7% to 1.5%.
  • To transform 550 million people under 24 yrs to be the part of Knowledge Society.
  • Better asset management – Universities sit on a large reservoir of untapped resources.
  • Rationalization of fees - Tuition fee should recover 10% to 20% of the cost.
  • Un-qualified and unintended beneficiaries to be excluded.
  • Philanthropic contribution is declining and needs resurrection. It was 12% in 1950 and 3% in 1990.
  • Need for reform in Tax and Trust laws.
  • Other resources - Not purely as commercial activities.
  • Rs. 2,70,000 crore allocation in 11th Plan – 6% of GDP for Education

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comparative tuition fee
Comparative Tuition Fee

Country Max. Tuition fee Min. Tuition fee

in US $ in US $

Austria 746 746

Canada 5000 1366

China 2591 518

India 85 20

Mexico 1159 178

Russia 12026 0

South Africa 3293 1,085

United Stated 6000 1600

UK 1565 1565

JSS Law College

what can be done
What can be done ?
  • How many of us teach from the original text, not just the text books but the source books?.
  • How many of us teach from the notes that we prepared years ago?
  • How many of us have even seen a journal, leave aside opening and reading, after getting into this job?
  • How many of us are aware of the current advances in our subjects?
  • How many of us subscribe to magazines from our own money and read them to find out what is happening around us?
  • How many of us debate about the events and policies around us and contribute to opinion-making?

JSS Law College

what can be done1
What can be done ?
  • How many of us even know where our past students are at this moment?
  • What jobs they are doing and if they are doing research, what are the areas they are researching?
  • How many of us love teaching, truly love teaching?
  • How many of us prepare for a class even today? There is a lot to prepare actually. The subjects are not dead. They keep moving ahead and the things written in the text books are where the subject was about 5 years ago. How many of us prepare for telling the students where the subject actually stands today?
  • How many of us do not scold the students when they ask a question discomfiting us?
  • How many of us realize that we indulged in as much fun and frolic when we were students and the current batch of students are doing just that? Only the medium has become different from our own.

JSS Law College

historical background of modern universities
Historical Background of Modern Universities

Cardinal New Man’s (1852), View – ‘school of universal learning’

‘Contributions by a thousand schools make an University’

‘Intellect may safely range and speculate’

‘A seat of wisdom and light of the world’

Establishment of Oxford and Cambridge Universities - 19th Century

University of London – 1836

Kings College – 1831

Affiliating system under University

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modern universities in india
Modern Universities in India

Woods Dispatch – 1854 (President of Board of Control).

Promise to Encourage Vernaculars and classical languages.

Establishment of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras University – 1857.

Education Commission of 1852 – Lord Rippon’s Review of working of Universities.

Increase of Affiliated Colleges.

Inability to control the colleges by the three Universities

Education made as ‘Provincial Subject’

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establishment of other universities
Establishment of other Universities

Universities of Baroda and Mysore – 1916

Andhra University – 1926

Stalwarts and their contribution - Aushutosh Mukherji, Lakshmanaswamy Mudaliar, C.R. Reddy and S. Radhakrishnan etc., shaped modern Universities

JSS Law College

indian constitution and the universities
Indian Constitution and the Universities

Art. 29 (2) Protection against discrimination in state aided institutions

Art. 30 (1) Right to Establish and Administer institutions

Art. 45 Direction to provide Compulsory Education

Art. 46 Promotion of Education amongst inter-sections

Educations under Union List, State List and Concurrent List

University as an Other Authority under the constitutions

Establishment of Universities – Mysore University 1916 under 1933 and 1956 Acts. Karnataka University 1949 under 1949 Bombay Act. Bangalore University 1964 under 1964 Act.

Uniform Law under Mysore Universities Act 1976

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karnataka state universities act 2000 received the assent of the governor on 12 9 2001
Karnataka State Universities Act 2000(Received the assent of the Governor on 12.9.2001)

Establishment of University: each university has Territorial jurisdiction with perpetual succession and common seal. (S. 3)

Powers: to provide instruction, hold exams, carry research, confer honorary degrees administer colleges and hostels, collect fee, accept endowments, maintain discipline (S. 4)

Open to all classes of persons; Chancellors power to discipline, inspect and control (S. 8)

State Governments power to annul the orders of the university (S. 10)

JSS Law College

officers of the university
Officers of the University
  • The Chancellor;
  • The Pro-Chancellor;
  • The Vice-Chancellor;
  • The Registrar;
  • The Registrar; (Evaluation)
  • The Deans;
  • Librarian ;
  • The Finance Officer;
  • The Director of P M E Board;
  • The Director of Students Welfare;
  • The Director, College Development Council;
  • The Director of Physical Education;
  • Such other officers of the University as the Chancellor may, on the recommendation of the State Government from time to time, designate

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The Chancellor (S.12)

Governor is the Chancellor and the Head – He

shall have powers as may be conferred by the


The pro- Chancellor (S. 13) - The Minister

in charge of Higher Education by virtue of his

office. He shall preside over the convocation

in the absence of the Chancellor

Officers of the University

JSS Law College

officers of the university1
Officers of the University

Vice Chancellor (S.14)

Selection – State to constitute search committee – the four members are nominated by the UGC, State, University and the Chancellor.

No person connected with the affairs of the Government, University or College/Institution affiliated shall be nominated.

A panel of three shall be submitted to the State.

Chancellor upon consideration of merit, equality and social justice with the concurrence of the state appoint.

Second panel

Appointment not open to challenge unless deliberate violations of the norms.

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officers of the university2
Officers of the University

Powers of V.C. (S. 15)

Principal Executive, Ex officio Chairman of Academic Council, Syndicate, F.C.

Perform all such actions, as it deem necessary.

In emergency he may take such actions and get approval of such bodies which would have otherwise dealt with.

Registrar ( S.17)

An officer of All India Service

Member Secretary Academic Council and Syndicate

Custodian of records; Convenes meetings.

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officers of the university3
Officers of the University

Qualification, Powers and Duties of:

Registrar (Evaluation) (S.18).

Finance Officer.



Director of Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation Board.

Director CDC.

Physical Education etc.,

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authorities of university
Authorities of University

The Syndicate; (S. 28)

The Academic Council; (S. 30)

The Finance Committee; (S. 32)

The Board of Studies; (S.33)

The Faculties; (S.34)

The Planning Monitoring and Evaluation Board; (S.35)

Such other bodies as may by Statutes be declared as the authorities of the University.

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statutes ordinances regulations rules
Statutes, Ordinances, Regulations & Rules

Statutes (S.40) - Bodies, Hon Degrees, Convocations, withdrawal of degrees, Faculties, Affiliation, Fellowships, Posts, Recruitments, bequests, Fees, Service conditions, etc,.

Ordinances (S. 42) - Student admission, Degrees & Diplomas, Examinations, Management of colleges, Etc,

Regulations (S. 44) Admission regulations, Recgn. of Degrees

Rules (S. 45) Meeting Notices, Procedures, Not provided by others.

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finance and accounts
Finance and Accounts

University Funds (S. 46)

Annual Accounts and Audit (S. 47)

Financial Estimates (S. 48)

Powers of Government to Direct Audit (S. 49)

Annual Report (S. 50)

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appointment of teachers and inter university transfer of employees
Appointment of Teachers and Inter-University Transfer of Employees

Appointment of Teachers, Librarian (S. 53)

Appointment in accordance with the promotion schemes (S. 54)

Appointment to part-time posts (S. 55)

Temporary appointment (S. 56)

Appointment of Non-teaching, Ministerial and other Staff (S. 57)

Transfer of Employees (S. 58)

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affiliation of colleges and recognition of institutions
Affiliation of Colleges and Recognition of Institutions

Affiliation of Colleges (S. 59)

Restriction on Admission of Students in a new College (S. 60)

Restriction for appearance in the examinations (S. 61)

Permanent Affiliation (S. 62)

Withdrawal of Affiliation (S. 63)

Autonomous College (S. 64)

Voluntary closure of College or Course (S. 65)

Recognition of certain institutions (S. 66)

Inspection of Colleges (S. 67)

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enrolment and degrees university review commission
Enrolment and DegreesUniversity Review Commission

Eligibility for Admission of Students (S. 68)

Honorary Degrees (S. 69)

Withdrawal of Degree or Diploma (S. 70)

Appointment of University Review Commission (S.71 )

Karnataka State Inter-University Board (S. 46)

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functions and powers of the persons involved in the examination work
Functions and powers of the persons involved in the Examination work

Duties of A Teacher.( S.73)

Obligation to Perform Examination work.(S.74)

Punishment for Abetment of Offences. (S.75)

Prohibition of Private Tuition. (S.76)

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