Concepts & f0rms of victim services - micro. John P. J. Dussich, Ph. D. Tokiwa International Victimology Institute “Victimology & Victim Assistance” LPSK Bogor, Indonesia March 25, 2013. State of the art .
John P. J. Dussich, Ph. D.
“Victimology & Victim Assistance”
March 25, 2013
In some countries, like Indonesia, the emphasis on victims is focused primarily on their protection and very little on their trauma and recovery.
Of course to address the needs of the criminal justice system the prosecution must have good (cooperative) witnesses; this is what the system needs to function. However, the criminal justice system must also serve the human rights of the victims by considering their needs as well; this is what victims need in order to function.
System advocacy - working systemically and indirectly with victims (macro).
Victim services – a range of activities offered to victims in response to their victimization with the intention of relieving suffering, providing guidance, offering protection, preventing reoccurrenceand facilitating recovery.
As soon as safety is assured, victim recovery is the primary objective and is defined as the resumption of the same or better level of functionality enjoyed prior to victimization, having significantly
fewer symptoms, & enhanced self-esteem.
This is easy to provide!
Working with groups is efficient and some victims feel more comfortable in a group setting. There are
wide ranges of protocols, especially with already existing groups (schools, banks, hospitals, etc.).
The benefit of utilizing the synergy from existing groups systems can often facilitate recovery beyond working with individuals.
All group work must be lead by a trained leader.
converting to offending, and greater closure
and restoration for all involved.
Systems’ Advocacy – representing victims as a class; promoting new laws and policies. One of the most underdeveloped aspect of victim advocacy!