Propaganda • Definition = one-sided information for the purpose of getting the public to support a cause. Often used during the times of war. • Purpose = • to make people join the military • conserve resources (ration) • buy war bonds (loans to gov.) • love your country/hate the enemy. • Results = • millions volunteered • hatred for the enemy became popular • In the US borrowed $20 Billion from its citizens through war bond sales.
How it is used • Poster = cheap, easy way to get across info, even illiterate population can understand • Message= facts twisted, sometimes false, appeals to emotion not logic • Use of Symbolism= uses objects to represent ideas (slogan, images, myths)
Types of Propaganda • Bandwagon: Persuading people to do something by letting them know others are doing it. • Testimonial: Using the words of a famous person to persuade you. • Transfer: Using the pictures of famous people.
Types of Propaganda • Emotional Plea: Words/images that will make you feel strongly (hate, fear, guilt, love, honor, etc). • Name Calling: Calling the other side names like evil, bloodthirsty, killers, butchers, etc. • Glittering Generalities: Using nice words to describe about your side like hero, brave, honorable, freedom, justice, etc.
Using these headings we will analyze a series of propaganda posters For each poster put the number then 1-4 with the required information.
Propaganda Poster Project Propaganda was used widely before and during World War I to help “sell” the war to the citizens of both the Allies and the Central Powers. It was a strong force in the “total war” effort to convince the nation’s citizens that they were fighting on the “good”, or the “right” side.
INSTRUCTIONS You will create your own, original, 8.5 x 11, propaganda poster from the World War I period. It will be one of the following types. • A poster that supports the Allied, or Central powers (positive, or negative) • A poster to join the war effort-Either side. • A poster that supports the war effort by participating in some way at the home front.
Choose one of the following WWI propaganda poster topics: • Buying Victory Bonds which encouraged public financial support for the war effort. • Saving/Conserving Food . People were encouraged to ration and not waste their food.
⇒ Keeping Your Mouth Shut – • ⇒ Joining the Army – • ⇒ Demonizing the Enemy • ⇒ Women and the war effort
Required Elements • On the back of your poster, prepare a summary of your poster that: • Identifies which side (Allied, or Central Powers) and country that your poster supports (what country created it?) • Identifies and explains the symbols (colors, characters, etc.) used in your poster. • Explains the purpose of your poster (enlist, fight the enemy, help on the home front).
Your Mini report should include the following • • Who or what is your topic about? • • An analysis of your own propaganda poster. You should clearly explain the • significance your slogan as well as why you included all of the images used. • This mini report should be between 2 and 3 full, well written paragraphs.
Elements you must NOT include • Swastikas or any symbolism from WWII, make sure you are using symbolism from the correct time period. • Glitter, I will not accept your project if it includes glitter, or sand or any other material that is not permanently attached to your picture. • Cardboard or paper larger than 8.5 x 11
Grading Criteria Your propaganda poster will be graded based on neatness of presentation, originality, correct use of colors, maps, symbols and accurate explanation of these in your summary. REMINDER: Your posters and summaries are due on January 22/23 . No late posters will be accepted.