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Weathering Crystals and Oxidation. Crystal Formation. Five Requirements for Crystallization. Ingredients Temperature Pressure Time Space The right combination of ingredients, heat, and pressure must last long enough for the minerals to crystallize. They also need room to grow.

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crystal formation
Crystal Formation

Five Requirements for Crystallization.

  • Ingredients
  • Temperature
  • Pressure
  • Time
  • Space

The right combination of ingredients, heat, and pressure must last long enough for the minerals to crystallize. They also need room to grow.

crystal formation1
Crystal Formation

Saturation-

  • Saturate- To charge with something to the point where no more can be absorbed, dissolved, or retained
  • Saturation - The act or process of saturating
crystal formation summary
Crystal Formation Summary
  • After viewing the video, in your journal, summarize the process in which crystals are formed.
  • Include – Saturation (ingredients), Temperature (heating and cooling).
  • Summary - As the water cools to room temperature again, the amount of sugar it can hold in suspension will return to the previous level. The excess sugar must come out of the solution and, as it does, it will crystallize.
crystal formation2
Crystal Formation
  • As the temperature of a liquid drops, the amount of solid ingredients it can hold in suspension drops as well.
  • Inside the earth, the ingredients are more complex than our sugar solution. You will actually have different minerals crystallizing from the same solution at different temperatures.
    • Corundum might crystallize first. As the solution continues to cool, topaz might form and later quartz.
crystals and chemical weathering
Crystals and Chemical Weathering
  • Crystal Formation is another form of chemical weathering.
  • The water flows in a rock and evaporates. Crystals slowly begin to grow. Those crystals act like a wedge and crack the rocks.
crystals and chemical weathering1
Crystals and Chemical Weathering
  • Size of crystal formation is affected by the temperature.
  • Crystals that form in warmer temperatures are larger than those that form in colder temperatures.
crystals and weathering
Crystals and Weathering

Formed in warmer temperatures

Formed in cooler temperatures

Sketch the examples of crystals formed in warm versus cooler conditions.

oxidation
Oxidation
  • Oxidation is a chemical process of combination and resulting reaction of any substances with oxygen.
  • Oxidation makes rocks softer. It is similar to an iron bar rusting. Since there is a lot of iron in many rocks, oxidation often happens.
examples of oxidation
Examples of Oxidation
  • When some fruit is cut, the oxidation causes it to brown.
  • Vanadinite is an uncommon mineral. It is found in arid climates and forms by oxidation of primary lead minerals.
examples of oxidation1
Examples of Oxidation
  • Azurite is carbonate mineral, chemical formation is copper carbonate hydroxide. Commonly it associates with Malachite. The mixture of Azurite and Malachite is called Azurmalachite. It is an ore of copper. It forms by oxidation of copper ore.
examples of oxidation2
Examples of Oxidation
  • As you probably know, Lady Liberty was made out of copper. But over the years, oxidation has caused a green patina to cover that copper. As a result, the statue we know today looks very different from the symbol of freedom that our ancestors saw when they came to this country.
examples of oxidation3
Examples of Oxidation
  • Rust (iron oxide) is a form of oxidation when iron comes into contact with iron and oxygen and water.
examples of oxidation4
Examples of Oxidation
  • Using the examples, describe the affects of oxidation.
oxidation and temperature
Oxidation and Temperature
  • Temperature increases the rate of oxidation. This is because the molecules are moving around faster and having more collisions, so there are more opportunities for the reaction to occur.
  • How might climate affect the rate of oxidation?