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Critical Role of Leadership in System Transformation:. Change Management. Thursday, May 3, 2012. Introductions & Acknowledgements. Presenters: Kristen Smith Sharon Burke Wanda Sabb. Learning Objectives. At the end of this webinar, participants will be able to

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critical role of leadership in system transformation

Critical Role of Leadership in System Transformation:

Change Management

Thursday, May 3, 2012

introductions acknowledgements
Introductions & Acknowledgements

Presenters:

Kristen SmithSharon Burke

Wanda Sabb

learning objectives
Learning Objectives

At the end of this webinar, participants will be able to

  • Describe the Stages of Change in System Transformation
  • Identify the natural process people go through in dealing with change
  • Understand the difference between Traditional and Transformational Leadership
  • Apply The Five Practices of Exemplary Leadership to

System Transformation

  • Identify key leadership strategies for change management
dbhids system transformation model
DBHIDS SYSTEM TRANSFORMATION MODEL

The City of Philadelphia integrated its behavioral health care and intellectual disability services into a comprehensive system.The Department of Behavioral health and Intellectual disAbility Services (DBHIDS) provides services through a network of community provider agencies while collaborating with the Philadelphia School District, child welfare, judicial systems and other key stakeholders.DBHIDS staff embrace and implement a vision of:recoveryresilIenceself-determination

practice guidelines

Practice Guidelines

Seeking to align system transformation concepts, practice and context

  • 10 Core Values guided the development of transformation principles and strategies, and will continue to guide the implementation process
  • 4 Domains in which the strategies will be carried out
  • 7 Goals are concrete, action-oriented goals that organize and focus the strategies

www.dbhids.org

the stages of system transformation
The Stages of System Transformation

Roland Lamb, Arthur Evans, William White: The Role of Partnership in Recovery-Oriented Systems of Care: The Philadelphia Experience

change is not easy
Change is Not Easy…

It is important to understand how change affects the people in your organization. Change means letting go of something we are attached to. It triggers fear, anger, resentment and insecurity.

individual process of change
INDIVIDUAL PROCESS OF CHANGE

There are Three Phases of Dealing with Change

Or How Change is Experienced:

www.strategies-for-managing-change.com/william-bridges.html

individual process of change1
INDIVIDUAL PROCESS OF CHANGE

Endings: A period when people deal with the losses associated with change and learn more about the change.

Neutral Zones: A period of ambiguity and confusion when people open up to the change and orient themselves to the new patterns of behavior.

Beginnings: A period when people fully embrace the new patterns of behavior.

transition trapeze
TRANSITION TRAPEZE

In the 3 phases of transition, a person can move back and forth between the stages as feelings associated with the three stages emerge.

ways of coping with change
Ways of Coping with Change
  • Say goodbye…TO THE ENDINGS
  • Identify Benefits and Opportunities
  • Use your support system
  • Deal with the losses through thinking strategies
ways of coping with change1
Ways of Coping with Change
  • SAY GOODBYE TO THE ENDINGS
  • Letting people take part of their former life with them
ways of coping with change2
Ways of Coping with Change
  • IDENTIFY BENEFITS AND OPPORTUNITIES
  • What benefits and opportunities you have experienced or may experience as part of your organization’s changing dynamics?
ways of coping with change3
Ways of Coping with Change
  • USE YOUR SUPPORT SYSTEM
  • People
  • Things
  • Activities
  • Your Beliefs/Attitudes
ways of coping with change4
Ways of Coping with Change
  • DEAL WITH THE LOSSES THROUGH “THINKING STRATEGIES”
  • Reframing
  • Replacing
  • Reinventing
what is leadership
WHAT IS LEADERSHIP?

Leadership is the ability to influence others in a manner that causes them to want to act, become, or be a part of something.

www.danielgoleman.info

critical role of leadership
Critical Role of Leadership

There are several factors that are needed to successfully

manage change:

□ the ability to communicate appropriately

□ effective people management

□ empathy

□ emotional intelligence

www.kenblachard.com

20 best companies for leadership
20 Best Companies for Leadership

BusinessWeek.com/Hay Group survey 2010

traditional vs transformational leadership
Traditional vs. Transformational Leadership
  • Traditional Leadership

Occurs when the leader rewards or punishes individuals, depending on the adequacy of performance

Exchange relationship; contingent reinforcement

Does not address individuals self-worth, interest or intrinsic satisfaction

  • Transformational Leadership

Provides a better fit when managing change process in System Transformation

Inspire followers to commit to a shared vision for the organization,

Can occur at all levels and by any individual in the organization

Emphasizes intrinsic motivation and focuses on positive development of individuals in the organization

Leaders create an open, trust-based culture so that communication can flow from bottom-up and top-down

slide25
“Change is the only constant”

-Heraclitus, Greek philosopher

leadership strategies for change management
Leadership Strategies for Change Management
  • Important leadership models speak to the role of leadership in reaching to people on an emotional level to inspire the behavioral and organizational cultural changes needed for a large scale system transformation.
  • Two highly recognized models:
  • Eight Step Process for Leading Change
  • 5 Practices of Exemplary Leadership
slide27
8 Step Process for Leading Change

John Kotter: Leading Change

step 1 create urgency
Kotter suggests that for change to be successful 75% of management needs to “buy into” the change.
  • What can leaders do?
    • Start honest discussions
    • Identify potential threats
    • Request support
STEP 1. CREATE URGENCY
step 2 form a powerful coalition
To lead change, you need to bring together a coalition of influential people
  • What can leaders do?
    • Identify the leaders in your organization
    • Ask for emotional commitment
    • Work on team building
    • Check for weak areas
STEP 2: FORM A POWERFUL COALITION
step 3 create a vision for change
A clear vision helps everyone understand why you are asking them to do something.
  • What can leaders do?
    • Determine values that are central to change
    • Create a strategy to execute the vision
    • Ensure change coalition can describe the vision in 5 minutes or less
STEP 3: CREATE A VISION FOR CHANGE
step 4 communicate the vision
What you do with your vision after you create it determines your success
  • “Walk the Talk”
  • What can leaders do?
    • Talk often about the change vision
    • Openly and honestly address concerns and anxieties
    • Apply vision to all aspects of operations
    • Lead by example
STEP 4: COMMUNICATE THE VISION
step 5 remove obstacles
Building buy-in from all levels of the organization
  • Empowering people and helping the change move forward
  • What can leaders do?
    • Identify the people resisting the change
    • Recognize and reward people for making change happen
    • Take action to quickly remove barriers
STEP 5: REMOVE OBSTACLES
step6 create short term wins
Nothing motivates more than success
  • What can leaders do:
    • Create short term targets that are achievable
    • Analyze potential pros and cons of your targets
    • Reward people who help meet the targets
STEP6: CREATE SHORT TERM WINS
step 7 build on the change
Kotter argues that many change projects fail because victory is declared too early
  • What leaders can do?
    • After every win analyze what went right and what needs improving
    • Set goals to continue building on the momentum achieved
STEP 7: BUILD ON THE CHANGE
step 8 anchor new approaches in the culture
Make any change stick, it should become part of the core of your organization
  • What leaders can do?
    • Talk about progress every chance you get.
    • Tell success stories about the change process
    • Publicly recognize key members of the original change coalition
    • Create plans to replace key leaders as they move on
STEP 8: ANCHOR NEW APPROACHES IN THE CULTURE
slide36
FIVE PRACTICES OF EXEMPLARY LEADERSHIP

James Kouzes and Barry Posner: "The Leadership Challenge Workshop"

model the way
MODEL THE WAY

• Leaders’ actions speak louder than words

• Stand up for beliefs

• Set the example by aligning actions with shared values

•Live by their values

inspire a shared vision
INSPIRE A SHARED VISION

□ Envision the future by imaging exciting and ennobling possibilities

□ Enlist others in a common vision by appealing to shared aspirations

challenge the process
CHALLENGE THE PROCESS

○ Challenge is the opportunity for greatness

○ Leaders welcome opportunities to test their abilities

○ Search for opportunities to change the status quo

○ Look for innovative ways to improve work and their organization

enable others to act
ENABLE OTHERS TO ACT

“The best way for me to give power to other people…is to allow creativity and freedom to explore new ideas and ways of thinking.”

Jill Cleveland, Finance Manager of Apple, Inc

enable others to act1
ENABLE OTHERS TO ACT

● Leaders don’t travel alone

● Strength and develop others by sharing power and information

● Foster collaboration by promoting cooperative goals and building trust

encourage the heart
ENCOURAGE THE HEART

“If everyone is doing a great job, what’s the problem in letting them know that?

Lindsay Levin, Whites Group Chairman

encourage the heart1
ENCOURAGE THE HEART

□ Expect the best

□ Personalize Recognition

□ Create a spirit of community

□ Be personally involved

in successful transformations
In Successful Transformations…
  • Build a guiding team powerful enough to guide big change
  • Guiding team develops the right vision for the change effort
  • Create a pattern of winning
  • Strengthen and develop others by sharing power and information
  • Structure situations so that people can take risks
  • Create Rewards System
conclusion
CONCLUSION:
  • Leadership is the most essential element needed to lead change
  • Successful change occurs when speaking to people’s feelings
  • Transformational Leaders motivate and empower employees
  • Leadership is critical to successful and lasting system transformation
slide48
“The real dividing line is passion. As long as you believe what you’re doing is meaningful, you can cut through fear and exhaustion and take the next step.”

Arlene Blum, PH.D in Biophysical Chemistry

critical role of leadership in system transformation1
CRITICAL ROLE OF LEADERSHIP IN SYSTEM TRANSFORMATION

THANK YOU FOR YOUR TIME AND PARTICIPATION IN THIS WEBINAR!

QUESTIONS?

COMMENTS?

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