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Alcohol - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Alcohol. Reasons why people drink :. Parameters for determining good vs. bad reasons: Is it legal? Does it hurt you or someone else? Does it lead to problems?. There is NO good reason for drinking…. without RESPONSIBILITY !. DRUG vs. BEVERAGE. ALCOHOL (C 2 H 5 OH).

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

Reasons why people drink:

Parameters for determining good vs. bad reasons:

Is it legal?

Does it hurt you or someone else?

Does it lead to problems?

slide3

There is NO good reason for drinking…

without RESPONSIBILITY!

DRUG vs. BEVERAGE

slide4

ALCOHOL(C2H5OH)

Statistics: *on test

*66% All Auto Accidents

*50% Fatal Auto Accidents

37% Suicides

40% Snowmobile Accidents

slide5

65% Fire deaths

*85% Rapes

*85% HIV / teen pregnancies

70% Child Abuse

70% Homicides

68% Drownings

slide6

56% Assaults/Fights in home

50% Skiing accidents

71% Accidental poisoning

55% All arrests

slide7

Characteristics of Alcohol:

Depressant-slows down CNS

“Empty Calories”- 150 cal/drink (“beer gut / beer butt”)

“Proof”-amount of alcohol drink

(2 times the % of alcohol)

slide8

Adults:18% light

68% Drink 38% moderate

12% heavy

32% Abstain completely

NYS 9-12 = 52% do not drink

12th = 37% binge/month

GCS 8th=60% have never tried

91% are not regular users

slide9

Oxidation of alcohol:

Alcohol is oxidized in the LIVER at the rate of 1 drink (1/2 oz.alcohol) per hour.

The 2 end-products of alcohol are carbon dioxide and water.

slide10

Which will get you

Intoxicated faster?

slide12

Factors that determine the effects of alcohol:

body size, weight

how much you drink

how fast you drink

how much you’ve eaten

past experiences

slide13

what you expect and want from drinking (psychological)

where you drink (atmosphere)

how you feel (emotionally)

body chemistry

other drugs

tolerance

slide14

Short-term,immediate, negative effects:

**Underage = $50

*Adults who supply to minor = $500/90days

Legal fees=$1500-$7500

slide16

Long-term effects:

stomach (ulcers and cancer), pancreas, cirrhosis of liver, high blood pressure, low blood sugar, heart damage, brain damage, development of alcoholism, malnutrition, alcohol psychosis,

slide17

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome:

-lower size, weight

-mental retardation/learning disabilities

-heart defects

-birth defects.

slide19

Drinking and Driving:

66% of all auto accidents

50% of all fatal auto accidents

23,000 people die each yr.

80% of all fatalities were people who were NOT drinking (18,400) (innocent victims)

slide20

18-24 yr. olds have the highest rate of alcohol-related fatalities.

535,000 injuries each year

1 death every 22 minutes

slide21

Not everyone involved in a DWI accident dies.

Warning: This video about Jacqui Saburido is very graphic….

slide23

“FACTS NOT FEELINGS!”

Long before you “feel” or “act” intoxicated, it is already unsafe and illegal to drive.

(Designated Driver – when?)

Methods to establish BAC:

breathalyzer, blood, urine tests

slide24

Drinking and Driving: (Section E)

.05-.07% = DWAI(driving while abilities impaired) .08% (3/1/03) = DWI (driving while intoxicated) .20% (.22% average level of those arrested!) .40% = unconscious(pass out)911 .50% = coma .60% = death

slide25

DWAI=$300-500, 15 days jail, 90 days suspended license

DWI=$500-1000, 1 yr. jail, 6 months revoked license, 6 months ignition interlock system.

(Under 21=lose license 1 yr. or until 21, whichever is longest)

slide26

Zero Tolerance=Any amount under 21=lose license 6 months, $125 fine, $100 fee to reinstate. (‘96)

County STOP DWI Program:

½ $, no jail, conditional license, classes…deterrent?

slide27

Arrested=Automatic loss of license

Leandra’s Law - NYS-If arrested for DWI with person in car under 16 yrs. old = class E Felony = 1-4yrs., $5,000

The typical cost of a DWI in NYS includes: insurance increase, lawyer, Stop DWI Program, towing, surcharges, conditional license, reinstatement fees… =$9,200!!

slide30

Legal Consequences in Other Countries

Australia – (.05) names sent to papers for 10 days “He’s drunk and in jail”

South Africa – 10 yrs. prison, $10,000

Turkey – Taken 20 miles from town to walk back

Finland/Sweden – Automatic jail one yr. of hard labor

Russia – License revoked for life.

England – 1 yr. suspension, $250 fine, 1 yr. jail

Bulgaria – (.03) A second conviction = execution

El Salvador – First offense = execution by firing squad

Empire Safety Council

slide32

Alcoholism: (Section D)

*A disease in which a person’s use of alcohol interferes negatively in any area of his/her life (job, school, family); and once he/she starts drinking, they lose control and cannot stop.

“Recovering Alcoholic” - an alcoholic who is no longer drinking.

slide33

-17 million adult alcoholics -4.5 million teen alcoholics -each alcoholic affects 20 others -ratio male:female = 2:1 -1 in 8 drinkers is an alcoholic -costs $100 billion each yr. -Denial / Rationalization

slide34

How to help:

Refer to:(alcoholic)(family)Alcoholics AnonymousMentalHealth/AlcoholAbuse Special HospitalAlanon Adult Children of Alcoholics Alateen Clergy

children of alcoholics coa
Children of Alcoholics (COA)
  • Hero- Oldest, super achiever, workaholic, sense of failure
  • Scapegoat- Takes blame, failure at school, troublemaker
  • Lost Child- Quiet, well-behaved, fears anger or conflict
  • Mascot- Youngest, entertaining, able to divert family’s attention
adult children of alcoholics
Adult Children of Alcoholics
  • Afraid of intimate relationships
    • Hard to establish trust
  • Afraid of Authority
    • Difficulty parenting
  • Controlling & Overprotective
  • Want to provide a better life
    • Jealousy?