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The Erasmus Programme Latest Programme Trends and a Glimpse of the Future Johannes Gehringer Programme manager & policy officer Unit “Higher Education; Erasmus”Education and Culture DG European Commission UK Erasmus Co-ordinators’ Meeting Birmingham, 6 July 2011
Presentation Outline • Higher education policy context • Erasmus mobility facts and trends • Erasmus cooperation projects • Erasmus impacts • The programme post-2013
Education & training – the political context Europe2020 and E&T2020 benchmarks & targets EU flagship initiatives Youth on the Move, New Skills and Jobs, Innovation Union HE > 40% ERASMUS New agenda for the Bologna process Modernisation agenda for universities:Curricular, governance and funding reforms Mobility > 20%
Erasmus student mobilitysince 1987: a success story 2009-10: 213,000 1987-88: 3,000
Erasmus student mobility (2008/09 => 2009/10) • 198 523 => 213 266 mobile students (+7.4%) • 213 => 257 students with special needs (+21%) • 4502 => 7053 zero-grant students (+57%) • 2658 => 2853HEIs sent students on mobility • Top sending countries: ES, FR, DE, IT • Top host countries: ES, FR, UK, DE • Gender balance: 60.7 % => 61.1 % females
Studies: 168 193 => 177 705 mobile students (+5.7%) Average duration: 6.4 => 6.4 months Average grant: 253 => 236 € /month (-6.7 %) Placements: 30 330 => 35 561 mobile students (+ 17.3%) Average duration: 4.4 => 4.24 months Average grant: 433 => 386 € /month (-10.9%) Erasmus student mobility (2008/09 => 2009/10)
Erasmus Erasmus Erasmus Leonardo da Vinci Erasmus student mobilityPlacement growth 2006-2010
36 389 => 37 776 mobile staff (+3.8%) 7 => 5 staff with special needs (-29%) 2154 HEIs sent staff Top sending countries: PL, ES, DE, FR Top host countries: DE, ES, IT, FR, UK Average duration: 5.6 => 5.7 days Average grant: 685 => 673 € (-1.8%) Gender balance: 53% male Erasmus staff mobility (2008/09 => 2009/10)
326 => 361 courses (+10.7 %) 5208 => 5386 student participants (+3.4%) Top host countries: IT, BE(nl), PT Highest increase for incoming EILC: LV and IT Highest proportion of incoming students: SI, EE Erasmus IntensiveLanguage Courses(2008/09 => 2009/10)
Erasmus intensive programmes(2008/09 => 2009/10) • 319 => 384 courses (+20.4%) • 10 061 => 12 606 students participating (+25.3%) • 3499 => 4378 teachers participating (+25.1%) • Top organising countries: IT, DE, FR, NL, AT • Top subject areas: Social sciences, engineering, humanities and arts, science and maths • Average duration: 12.2 => 12.2 days 19
Impact of Erasmus at the individual level - students • Upgrading skills (intercultural, linguistic etc.) • Stimulating adaptability & flexibility • Promoting European citizenship • Enhancing employability • Easier to find a job • More international career • Higher labour mobility 21 21
Eurobarometer Survey (2010)EMPLOYERS’ PERSPECTIVE “Transversal competences “eg. team-working, communication, adaptability, problem-solving very important in addition to sector-specific skills 22
Impact of Erasmus at the institutional level • International offices & support services • Quality of teaching & learning => new teaching methods • Modernisation & internationalisation of curricula • More transparency (ECTS/DS etc.) • Research participation • University-business cooperation • Professionalization of management 23
Impact of Erasmus at the policy / system level • Internationalisation of higher education • Driving force behind Bologna Process • Continued impact (classification & ranking) • Worldwide interest in scheme 24
New programme post-2013: shaping factors Content NAs LLP interim evaluation LLP Committee Erasmus expert group Green paper + new progr consultations Conferences Impact assessment Ex-ante evaluation Policy framework Europe 2020 (YoM, NSJ) E&T 2020 Modernisation agenda of HE Bologna Process EU budget review - MFF NewLLP/Erasmus programme EP Legal basis 2nd sem 2011 ESF Council Erasmus Mundus
New Programme post-2013 - Issues for reflection (1) Show EU added value – show it is better to spend a € on the European level than at home! Relevance: link policy and programme – show systemic impact by putting our money at the service of our policies Sustained impact at different levels: individual, institutional, systemic/policy Simplification, rationalisation Erasmus: Solid basis but adaptation & innovation needed Continue to contribute to higher education internationalisation & employability of graduates
New programme post-2013 - Issues for reflection (2) General programme: Single programme Education Europe with three action types More budget (MFF proposal: + 73%) Higher education is priority Newideas for Erasmus: More emphasis on (academic) quality Recognition issue Language preparation: using ICT tools Finding good host companies for placements More flexibility: multiple mobilities (min 3 months) due to Bologna More intense and new forms of cooperation for example joint programmes, long-term teacher mobility, virtual collaborations, IPs
New programme post-2013 - Issues for reflection (3) Other newideas: Global mobility for Europeans: limited mobility outside participating countries Full cycle mobility/gap mobility – Erasmus Masters with loans More business-university cooperation Boost staff mobility + provide support for the organisation of staff training weeks
Thank you for your attention ec.europa.eu/education/erasmus 30 30
Eurobarometer Survey (2010)EMPLOYERS’ PERSPECTIVE Communication, analytical, teamwork and foreign language skills gain importance in the future 32
Eurobarometer Survey (2010)EMPLOYERS’ PERSPECTIVE Sector-specific work placements should be integrated into study programmes! 33