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Acid rain is caused by industrial emissions of dangerous chemicals such as sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxide (NO2).
Sulphur, falling as acid rain, is killing fish in the Great Lakes.
Air pollution is the introduction of chemicals, particulates, biological materials, or other harmful materials into the Earth's atmosphere.
Industrial pollutants are constantly released into the air.
Alternative energyis any energy source that is an alternative to fossil fuel. This is energy from uncommon sources such as wind power or solar energy.
There are numerous organizations within the academic, federal, and commercial sectors conducting large scale advanced research in the field of alternative energy.
Alternativefuelsknownas non-conventional or advanced fuels, are any materials or substances that can be used as fuels, other than conventional fuels.
Methanol and ethanol fuel can be used in internal combustion engines as alternative fuels.
Biodegradable Able to be broken down into simpler substances.
All active ingredients of this soap powder are 98% biodegradable within three days.
Biodiversity is the degree of variation of life. This can refer to genetic variation, species variation, or ecosystem variationwith in an area, biome, or planet.
The mining project threatens one of the world's richest areas of biodiversity.
Biosphere is the global sum of all ecosystems. It can also be termed the zone of life on Earth, a closed system (apart from solar and cosmic radiation and heat from the interior of the Earth), and largely self-regulating.
She wants me to tell her how to repair the biosphere.
Bacteriaconstitute a large domain of prokaryotic microorganisms. Typically a few micrometers in length, bacteria have a number of shapes, ranging from spheres to rods and spirals.
Bacteria exist in large numbers in air, water and soil, and also in living and dead creatures and plants, and are often a cause of disease
Climate the daily and seasonal weather on earth. Climate records are recorded each day and year for comparison.
They wanted to move to a warmer climate.
Climate change changes in the earth's weather, including changes in temperature, wind patterns and rainfall, especially the increase in the temperature of the earth's atmosphere that is caused by the increase of particular gases, especially carbon dioxide.
The threat of global climate changes.
Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is slightly less dense than air. It is toxic to humans and animals when encountered in higher concentrations, although it is also produced in normal animal metabolism in low quantities, and is thought to have some normal biological functions.
The level of carbon monoxide in the air fell 25 percent between 1979 and 1988.
Carbon dioxide a gas breathed out by people and animals from the lungs or produced by burning carbon.
Carbon dioxide is soluble in water, in which it reversibly converts to H2CO3
Contaminate is the presence of a minor and unwanted constituent (contaminant) in a material, in a physical body, in the natural environment, at a workplace, etc.
The drinking water has become contaminated with lead.
Deforestation Process of cutting many trees to make fields, factories and cities.
Land erosion caused by widespread deforestation.
Drought is an extended period when a region notes a deficiency in its water supply whether surface or underground water.
Thecountry's entire grain harvest has been hit by drought.
Decomposeis the process by which organic substances are broken down into simpler forms of matter. The process is essential for recycling the finite matter that occupies physical space.
As the waste materials decompose, they produce methane gas.
Decomposers are organisms that break down dead or decaying organisms, and in doing so carry out the natural process of decomposition.
Many organisms that live on the forest floor are decomposers, such as fungi.
Environment Natural surroundings where plants, animals and people live.
The stuff we use for cleaning is really bad for the environment.
Endangered species animals and plants which number is very small, e.g. pandas, whales.
They have been on the federal endangered species list since 1986.
Ecosystem plants, animals and environment they live in.
In short, it means our whole ecosystem, and action must be taken.
Ecologystudy of the relationships between living organisms in their natural environment.
Oil pollution could damage the fragile ecologyof the coral reefs.
Eco Homehuman activities associated with the design and construction of buildings using appropriate behaviors for sustainable development, particularly manifested in caring for the environment.
Eco Homes has been criticized by some for getting the balance wrong between the various elements.
Emissionthis introduction into the environment of the products of human activity (pollution).
The emission of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.
Exhaust fumes - or flue gas is emitted as a result of the combustion of fuels such as natural gas, gasoline/petrol, diesel fuel, fuel oil or coal.
Fumes from the high explosive hung in the air and made them cough.
Earthquake - is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth's crust that creates seismic waves. The seismicity, seismism or seismic activity of an area refers to the frequency, type and size of earthquakes experienced over a period of time.
The earthquake measured 68 on the Richter scale.
Fauna is all of the animal life of any particular region or time.
Certainly, you're not related to what we've seen of the local fauna.
Flora is the plant life occurring in a particular region or time, generally the naturally occurring or indigenous—native plant life.
Traditionally flora treatises are books, but some are now published on CD-ROM or websites.
Freon is a registered trade name of Du Pont which it uses for a number of halocarbon products. They are toxic gases or liquids which have typically been used as refrigerants and as aerosols.
Footprint is a measure of human demand on the Earth's ecosystems.
He could identify any animal from its footprints.
Fossil fuel - are fuels formed by natural processes such as anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms.
Carbon dioxide is produced in huge amounts when fossil fuels are burned.
Floodis an overflow of water that submerges land which is usually dry.The European Union (EU) Floods Directive defines a flood as a covering by water of land not normally covered by water.
The heavy rain has caused floods in many parts of the country.
Global Warming is rising of average temperature of Earth because of industry, traffic, ozone hole
He has been working on the question of global warming since 1972.
Greenhouse effect is slow warming of the Earth's atmosphere caused by increasing carbon dioxide (CO2) and other gases.
We are all beginning to experience global warming due to the enhanced greenhouse effect.
Greenpeace isa large international pressure group that aims to protect the environment. Its members are well known for taking direct action and putting their own lives in danger in order to stop people from harming the environment. For example, they often go out in small boats to stop people from killing whales or throwing poisonous material into the sea.
Greenpeace evolved into one of the largest environmental organizations in the world.
Go Greengoing green means to live life, as an individual as well as a community, in a way that is friendly to the natural environmental and is sustainable for the earth.
Parents in every country want a better future for their children. That is our every-waking thought at the Go Green Initiative.
Heating is an object that emits heat or causes another body to achieve a higher temperature.
What type of heating do you have?
Habitatis an ecological or environmental area that is inhabited by a particular species of animal, plant, or other type of organism. It is the natural environment in which an organism lives, or the physical environment that surrounds a species population.
The panda's natural habitat is the bamboo forest.
Hot desert A desert with hot daytime temperatures for most of the year.
The main form of precipitation in a hot desert is rain.
Hydrography is the branch of applied sciences which deals with the measurement and description of the physical features of oceans, seas, coastal areas, lakes and rivers, as well as with the prediction of their change over time, for the primary purpose of safety of navigation and in support of all other marine activities, including economic development, security and defence, scientific research, and environmental protection.
Thefinal permission was granted by the Federal Office for Shipping and Hydrography in February this year.
Illegal hunting the illegal shooting, trapping, from private or public property. To obtain meat, tusks or hides.
He was tired of hunting animals, he huntedpeople for the challenge
Industrial wasteis the waste produced by industrial activity, such as that of factories, mills and mines. It has existed since the outset of the industrial revolution.
All waste obtained from the various phases of the urban, domestic and industrial wastewater as defined in Article ‧ of Council Directive ‧/‧/EEC of ‧ May ‧ concerning urban waste-water treatment, irrespective of any further processing of such waste and irrespective also of the origin of the water
Insulation Building insulation refers broadly to any object in a building used as insulation for any purpose.
Stone wool is used mainly as insulation material.
Incienerate is a waste treatment process that involves the combustion of organic substances contained in waste materials.
Considers that, given the conflicting demands on biomass from waste, it is important that bio-energy should not be used as an excuse to promote waste incinerationover more resource-saving options such as reuse, recycling or composting.
Ice core A cylindrical section of ice removed from a glacier or an ice sheet in order to study climate patterns of the past.
Ice cores contain an abundance of information about climate.
Jet streamare fast flowing, narrow air currents found in the atmospheres of some planets, including Earth.
Cool air fed by the jet stream, a strong band of wind in the atmosphere, provides even more energy.
Kelpare large seaweeds. Kelp grows in underwater "forests" (kelp forests) in shallow oceans, and is thought to have appeared in the Miocene, 23 to 5 million years ago.
Fertilisationmethods: adding organic material in autumn, in particular in the form of kelp (organic compost made of marine algae harvested on the beaches of the island.
Leak - is a way (usually an opening) for fluid to escape a container or fluid-containing system, such as a tank or a ship's hull, through which the contents of the container can escape or outside matter can enter the container. Leaks are usually unintended and therefore undesired.
Water had started to leak into the cellar.
Landfill - (also known as a tip, dump, rubbish dump or dumping ground) is a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial and is the oldest form of waste treatment.
The map shows the position of the new landfills.
Live earth is an event developed to increase environmental awareness through entertainment.
The Dow Live Earth Run for Water was hosted by about 200 cities around the world.
Lightning is a massive electrostatic discharge between electrically charged regions within clouds, or between a cloud and the Earth's surface. The charged regions within the atmosphere temporarily equalize themselves through a lightning flash.
Objects struck by lightning experience heat and magnetic forces of great magnitude
Marine life is the scientific study of organisms in the ocean or other marine or brackich bodies of water.
Ecosystems in deep waters can be the source of immense biodiversity and abundant marine life
Magma is a mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth, and is expected to exist on other terrestrial planets.
Lava is the extrusive equivalent of magma.
Meteorology is the interdisciplinary scientific study of the atmosphere.
The beginnings of meteorology can be traced back to ancient India.
Microorganisms or microbe is a microscopic organism, which may be a single cellor multicellular organism.
Microorganisms are found in almost every habitat present in nature.
National park is a place where nature is saved by law.
In 1872, Yellowstone National Park was established as the United States' first national park.
Nature reserve Place where we protect endangered species of animals and plants.
The world's first modern nature reserve was established in 1821 by Charles Waterton around his estate in Walton Hall, West Yorkshire.
Nuclear Power plant is a place where we produce electricity in nuclear reactor.
The only substance leaving the cooling towers of nuclear power plants is water vapour.
Nonrenewable resource (also known as a finite resource) is a resource that does not renew itself at a sufficient rate for sustainable economic extraction in meaningful human time-frames.
In economics, a non-renewable resource is defined as goods, where greater consumption today implies less consumption tomorrow.
Ozone is an inorganic molecule, a pale blue gas with a distinctively pungent smell.
Ozone is diamagnetic, which means that its electrons are all paired.
Ozone hole is a process in which more UV light comes to the Earth because of destroying the ozone layer
Ozone friendly products such as aerosols which don't destroy ozone layer.
My new aerosol is ozone friendly.
Oxide is a chemical compound that contains at least one oxygen atom and one other element.
Water (H2O) is an oxide.
Organic farming is a form of agriculture that relies on techniques such as crop rotation, green manure, compost, and biological pest control.
There are several organic farming systems.
Pollution is the process of making water, air and ground dirty.
Pollution became a popular issue after World War II, due to radioactive fallout from atomic warfare and testing.
Polluteis the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change. Pollution can take the form of chemical substances orenergy, such as noise, heat or light. Pollutants, the components of pollution, can be either foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring contaminants. Pollution is often classed as point source or nonpoint source pollution.
Intensive use of pesticides and fertilizers seriously pollutes water, soil and air.
Pesticide are substances meant for preventing, destroying or mitigating any pest. They are a class of biocide. The most common use of pesticides is as plant protection products (also known as crop protection products), which in general protect plants from damaging influences such as weeds, diseases or insects.
Vegetables grown without the use of pesticides
Protect save the environment.
Start protecting the environment today.
Recycling using things again, e.g. making toilet paper from old newspapers
Recyclable materials include many kinds of glass, paper, metal, plastic, textiles, and electronics.
Renewable energy energy that comes from endless resources such as sunlight, wind, tides, waves and geothermal heat .
Rapid deployment of renewable energy gives security, climate change mitigation, and economic benefits.
Rain forest are forests characterized by high rainfall, with definitions based on a minimum normal annual rainfall of 1750–2000 mm.
The undergrowth in some areas of a rainforest can be restricted by poor penetration of sunlight to ground level.
Reforestation is the natural or intentional restocking of existing forests and woodlands that have been depleted.
Reforestation need not be only used for recovery of accidentally destroyed forests
Radiation powerful and very dangerous rays that are sent out from radioactive substances.
Radiation can be harmful to organisms and can result in changes to the natural environment..
Sewage is a dirty water that comes from houses and factories.
Classes of sewage include sanitary, commercial, industrial and agricultural.
Sewage plant Place where dirty water is cleaned.
The objective of sewage plants is to produce a disposable effluent without causing harm to the surrounding environment, and prevent pollution.
Smog a type of air pollution that comes from factories and traffic. (smog = smoke + fog).
Attempts to reduce smog caused by traffic fumes.
Species is one of the basic units of biological classification and a taxonomic rank. A species is often described as the largest group of organisms capable of interbreeding and producing fertileoffspring.
There are many species of dog(s).
Solar panels panels used for making energy from the sun.
Most solar modules are currently produced from silicon photovoltaic cells.
Saving energy tuning off electrical things when we don't use them.
Energy saving is the cheapest way of producing energy, so let us use it.
Sea level is a datum representing the average height of the ocean's surface (such as the halfway point between the mean high tide and the mean low tide) used as a standard in reckoning land elevation.
When that ice melts, sea level rises by six meters.
Tropical zone The tropics is a region of the Earth surrounding the Equator.
In general, the climate of Brazil can be divided into a tropical zone north and a subtropical (temperate warm) zone south of Sao Paulo.
Tundra is where the tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons. There are three types of tundra: Arctic tundra, alpine tundra, and Antarctic tundra. In tundra, the vegetation is composed of dwarf shrubs, sedges and grasses, mosses, and lichens.
The High and Middle mountains contain fragments of mountain tundra, as well as alpine meadows.
Toxic waste is waste material that can cause death, injury or birth defects to living creatures.It spreads quite easily and can contaminate lakes, rivers, and the atmosphere.
After all, every year, we dump millions of tons of toxic electrical and electronic waste on them.
Ultravioletlight is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength shorter than that of visible light, but longer than X-rays, that is, in the range between 400 nm and 10 nm
In winter, when you are skiing in the Alps, you may experience ultraviolet radiation.
Urbanizationis the physical growth of urban areas as a result of rural migration and even suburban concentration into cities, particularly the very large ones.
The 18th century was a period of rapid urbanization.
Universe is commonly defined as the totality of existence, including planets, stars, galaxies, the contents of intergalactic space, and all matter and energy. Similar terms include the cosmos, the world and nature.
Do you think we are the only form of intelligent life in the universe?
Waste sortingseparating different elements in trash, e.g. plastic, glass, paper
Waste sorting can occur manually at the household
Waste paper used again. Old newspapers, books etc. which can be.
Waste paper and used wipes can be put in an ordinary rubbish bin.
Weatheris the state of the atmosphere, to the degree that it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloud.
The weather is very changeable at the moment.
Wind farm is alace where big wind turbines are making energy.
The world's first wind farm was 0.6 MW, consisting of 20 wind turbines rated at 30 kilowatts each, installed on the shoulder of Crotched Mountain in southern New Hampshire in December 1980
Vegetation health of plant life and the amount of ground soil provided by plants and animals
Lakes has an abundance of lush green vegetation.
Volcano is an opening, or rupture, in the surface or crust of the Earth, which allows hot lava, volcanic ash and gases to escape from the magma chamber below the surface.
Pompeii was destroyed when the volcano erupted in 79AD.
Zoo a place where many kinds of wild animals are kept for the public to see and where they are studied, bred and protected.
Summing it was amazing trip and I think I will go to the Zoo again