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An highlight on EU activities on Research Infrastructures. Miloš Kuret Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Technology, Slovenia. Definition of Research Infrastructures. Facilities, resources, and related services used by the scientific community for Conducting leading-edge research

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An highlight on EU activities onResearch Infrastructures

Miloš Kuret

Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Technology, Slovenia


Definition of Research Infrastructures

  • Facilities, resources, and related services usedby the scientific community for

    • Conducting leading-edge research

    • Knowledge transmission, knowledge exchangesand knowledge preservation

  • Includes

    • Major scientific equipment

    • Scientific collections, archives and structured information

    • ICT-based infrastructures

    • Entities of a unique nature, used for research


Research Infrastructures are at the core of the knowledge Triangle

Research

Education

Research infrastructures

Knowledge « industry »

Innovation


European Survey of Research Infrastructures

Aim: analysis + respective trends & developments

March-April 06:Initial submission phase led by EC

May-December 06:Validation process by ESF

  • Validation of the entries received by EC

  • Nomination of missing major RIs

    December 06- up to now:Finalization by EC

  • Getting responses from RIs nominated by ESF

  • Breaking down all RIs by categories (598 entries)

  • Extracting the first results from the database


Average Lower Bound of RI Investment by Domains

(total: 598 RIs, 35 690 M€)

90

83,0

80,2

78,7

73,4

80

65,6

70

59,8

60

53,0

50

40

Million Euros

26,2

30

21,8

21,0

20

10

0

All domains

Humanities

Social

Sciences

Environmental,

Energy

Biomedical

and

Nuclearand

Materials

Engineering

Computerand

Marine, Earth

Life Sciences

Particle Physics,

Sciences

datatreatment

Sciences

Astronomy,

Astrophysics

Research Infrastructures need a minimum investmentfor construction

20 M€ threshold?


Share of RIs Built or Upgraded in the Last 5 Years

34,9

34,9

Biomedical and Life Sciences

30,0

36,7

Computer and data treatment

18,8

44,7

Material Sciences

16,7

45,1

Environmental, Marine, Earth Sciences

9,0

51,3

Nuclear and Particle Physics, Astronomy, Astrophysics

35,3

23,5

Social Sciences

19,1

36,2

Engineering

18,8

34,4

Humanities

built in the last 5 years

3,3

36,7

Energy

built more than 5 years ago

0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

but upgraded in last 5 years

% RIs

Research Infrastructures’ pattern is rapidly evolving in Europe


Towards a coherent policy for research infrastructures

ESFRI

E

urope

an S

trate

gy F

orum

o

n Research Infrastructures

Towards a coherent policy for Research Infrastructures…

  • A European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures

  • Launched in April 02

  • Brings together representatives of the 27 Member States,5 Associated States, and one representative of the European Commission (EC)


The roadmap

Mandate from the Council of Ministers,November 2004

The Roadmap is the result of two years of intensive work

About 1000 high-level experts were involved, from every MS and AS, from most fields and user communities, giving the end product credibility and quality.

It is the beginning of an ongoing process

Report 2006

The Roadmap


Social science and humanities

Report 2006

Social Science and Humanities


Environmental sciences

Report 2006

Environmental Sciences

AURORA BOREALIS


Energy

Report 2006

Energy

IFMIF

Need to nucleate further work

HiPER

3 Projects

JHR


Biomedical and life sciences

Report 2006

Biomedical and Life Sciences


Material sciences

Report 2006

Material Sciences


Astronomy astrophysics and nuclear physics

Report 2006

Astronomy, Astrophysics and Nuclear Physics

5 Projects


Computer data treatment particle and space physics

Report 2006

Computer Data Treatment, Particle and Space Physics


FP7 2007 - 2013

Budget (M€) - Source: Council decision in December 2006

“Capacities”


Objectives of the CommunityResearch Infrastructures action

  • Optimising the use and development of the best existing research infrastructures in Europe

  • Helping to create in all fields of S & T new research infrastructures of pan-European interest needed by the European scientific community

  • Supporting programme implementation and policy development (e.g. international cooperation)


FP7 will increase support to new research infrastructures

  • Support to the Construction of new infrastructures and major upgrades

    • Preparatory Phase– to support all work needed to initiate construction of a new RI

    • Implementation Phase- mainly left to MS, the owners of the new facilities

  • Design studies: to support the conceptual design for new facilities or major upgrades, of clear European dimension and interest

    • through bottom-up calls


Preparatory phase- purpose

  • To provide a framework facilitating decision-making between partners from different countries

  • To address all the critical issues (legal, financial,..) that need to be resolved to allow the project moving forward


594 participants are involved (90% MS, 6.5% AS, 3.5% other)

On the average: 19 Participants from 11 different countries per ESFRI proposal

About 9% of the total participants (53/594) from 12 MS, are from Convergence Regions, eligible to receive Structural Funds

Some info on Call N° 1 …


Preparatory Phase facilitating financial engineering for new research infrastructures

Member States

European Commission

Stakeholdersincl. EIROs

Inclusion in national Programmes

Inclusion in Specific RTD Programme(s)

Inclusion in DG REGIO / DG DEV strategic plans

Projects

EIB

RSFF


… Importance of creating synergies between SFs and FP7

  • Recent CREST report

  • Need for coordination at regional and national levels

  • Strategy planning for mid- to long term: more important than projects themselves

  • A vision for the next 10-20 years fostering capacity building and excellence


Objectives of the CommunityResearch Infrastructures action

  • Optimising the use and development of the best existing research infrastructures in Europe

  • Helping to create in all fields of S & T new research infrastructures of pan-European interest needed by the European scientific community

  • Supporting programme implementation and policy development (e.g. international cooperation)


  • Importance of Community actions:

  • to reduce European fragmentation and dispersion of existing facilities

  • To stimulate more international cooperation in certain fields

  • To help developing a research market for access to and use ofinstallations / research services


Main characteristics of an Integrating Activity

  • Average number of contractors: 19 (under FP6) of which 7 offering access

  • Typical duration: 4 years

  • Average EC contribution: ~10 M€

    • Management: ~ 6%

    • Networking Activities: ~ 15%

    • Trans-national Access: ~ 30-40%

    • Joint Research Activities ~ 40-50%

  • List of funded projects (FP6)http://cordis.europa.eu/infrastructures/projects


EUSAAR (Environment)

Developing a pan-European research infrastructure for the measurements of atmospheric properties

EC contribution: 5.1 M€

  • TA (~0.2 M€):

  • 11 ground-based stations for atmospheric research

  • NA (~3.2 M€):

  • Standards and exchange of good practices on sampling, measurement and analysis of aerosol parameters

  • Training on aerosol sampling and measurements

  • Web portal and Database on aerosol products

  • JRA (1.7 M€):

  • Methodology for determining aerosol optical density

  • Standards for aerosol hygroscopic growth analysis

  • A real time data collection of aerosol measurements

  • A network of research stations based on regional diversity


IA-SFS (Analytical Facilities)

Developing a pan-European Synchrotron and Free Electron Laser infrastructure

  • TA (~19 M€):

  • 15 installations, with 4000 users from a very broad spectrum of disciplines

  • NA (~2 M€):

  • Specialized workshops, conferences and schools

  • (support areas of transnational cooperation)

  • Exchange of scientists

  • JRA (~6 M€):

  • European platform for Protein Crystallography

  • Development of:

    • Instrumentation for Femtosecond Pulses

    • Diffractive x-ray optics

    • Superconducting Undulator

    • Photoinjector for X-ray Free Electron Lasers

EC contribution: 27 M€

  • Offering a common access platform


GÉANT (global dimension)

SPONGE

GÉANT

S. Africa

China

India

North America/Japan

Australia

EUMEDCONNECT

SEEREN

ALICE

TEIN2


FP7 will continue supporting existing Research Infrastructures

  • Integrating Activitiesto promote the coherent use and development of research infrastructures in a given field, implemented through:

    • Bottom-upcalls

    • Targetedcalls

  • ICT basede-infrastructuresin support of scientific research


Next calls for proposals N°2 (e-infrastructures) + N° 3

  • Indicative budget of 63 + 275 M€

    • 25 to 30 RTD projects to be selected

    • Call 2: e-science GRID

    • Call 3: for RTD; both bottom up and targeted approach

  • Closure: 20 Sept 2007 (call 2) + 15 Feb 2008 (call 3)

  • More information to be provided mid-2007


Topics for RI’s under the targeted approach

  • 29 priority topics in 8 of the “Cooperation” domains

  • Health (6 topics)

  • Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology (4 topics)

  • Information and Communication Technologies (3)

  • Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies and Materials (2)

  • Energy (5 topics)

  • Environment (4 topics)

  • Transport (2 topics dealing with aeronautics)

  • Socioeconomic Sciences and Humanities (3)


Reminder of EC evaluation criteria

  • Evaluation by independent experts

  • S&T quality: excellence of the overall project and of the specific activities

  • Impact: contribution of the project in integrating existing facilities at European level

  • Implementation: management, partnership, implementation plan and allocation of resources

Need for experts…


Existing Infrastructures

New Infrastructures

Design studies

Integrating activities

ESFRIRoadmap

Construction (preparatory phase; construction phase)

e-infrastructures

Policy Development / Programme Implementation

FP7 Research Infrastructures in brief

30% increase according to FP6


Planning of calls and indicative budget


… in summary, an improved FP7 action for Research Infrastructures

  • Better consistency within FP7 (targeted calls)

  • Tackling better fragmentation (Integrating Activities)

  • Catalysing effect towards the constructionor major upgrade of Research Infrastructures

  • A vision for the next 10-20 years fostering capacity building and excellence(update of ESFRI roadmap will soon start)


Research Infrastructuresare identified as a key area in the green book on ERA

  • The purpose is to assess the progress made in establishing ERA and to discuss future directions

  • An online public consultation has been launched:http://ec.europa.eu/yourvoice/ipm/forms/dispatch?form=ERAGreenPaper

    http://ec.europa.eu/research/era/index_en.html


Other useful links

  • FP7 Proposal and Capacities Specific Programme

    http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/

    http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/capacities.htm

  • Research Infrastructures on CORDIS (FP6)

    http://cordis.europa.eu/infrastructures/

    http://cordis.europa.eu/ist/rn/

  • ESFRI (Eur. Strategy Forum for Research Infrastr.)

    http://cordis.europa.eu/esfri/home.htmlhttp://www.e-irg.org

  • Research Infrastructures in Europa (on-line soon)

    http://ec.europa.eu/research/infrastructures


धन्यवाद

Merci

ありがとう

Grazie

Danke

Bedankt

Gracias

Hvala

Many thanks for your attention

Kiitos

Tack

Obrigado

Ευχαριστω

Köszönöm

Teşekkür ederim

СПАСІБO


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