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Solid Fuel Requirement of Gujarat State

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Solid Fuel Requirement of Gujarat State. A L Thakor, GM (LP&S / P,R&D) - GMDC. Power Sector at a Glance in Country. Fuel requirement.

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Solid Fuel Requirement of Gujarat State

A L Thakor,

GM (LP&S / P,R&D) - GMDC


Fuel requirement

The requirement of various fuels for the thermal plants during the terminal year of the 11th Plan (2011-12) at normative generation parameters in the table below.

Fuel requirement (Tentative) during 2011-12

  • Fuel from Domestic Sources - 482 Million T.
  • Import of coal required - 63 Million T.


Total Reserves : 2,85,862 Million Tonnes


Total Reserves : 39,074 Million Tonnes

11.66 %

Source : Ministry of Coal website



  • CIL Production - 431 Million T.
  • Growth rate - 4.31 %
  • Coal demand is more than the production which is met through import of coal.
  • Performance hinderance
  • i)            Lower coal production targets against demand
  • ii)           Delay in clearance of new  mines
  • iii) Evacuation is a problem because of limitation in coal transportation and availability of rail linkages.  Nearly 50% of CIL’s coal is transported by Indian Railways.  For new coal fields, Indian Railway does not have sufficient freight moving capacity.

 iv)  Deterioration of law and order situation  in some of the coal producing States.

v)     Need to address R & R issues with the approach of inductive growth. 

vi) Technology upgradation –

a)     Development of Underground Mines using high capacity long wall equipment.  

b)     Opencast mines with larger capacity machines looking to large volumes to be handled.

c)     Application of best MIS and ERP system for better and effective management of mines.  

 vii) Acquisition of coal properties abroad to secure future energy needs.

viii) Development of clean Coal Technology. Emphasis on coal washing, underground coal gasification and extraction of coal bed methane.

ix)     To bring reforms in coal sector with a view to improve production, productivity, safety and overall competitiveness of the industry.


Gujarat scenario with respect to fuel requirement

  • Installed capacity of coal based plants - 4000 MW
  • Coal requirement - 20 Million TPA
  • Proposed expansion in next 5 years - 8400 MW
  • Additional coal requirement - 40 Million TPA
  • As we are aware, Gujarat has no coal resources available in the State and we have to depend on other coal producing States & imported coal.
  • Lignite based power plants - 1040 MW
  • Lignite required - 7 Million TPA
  • Proposed expansion of lignite based
  • power plants - 1400 MW
  • Additional lignite required - 10 Million TPA
  • Gujarat has limited mineable lignite reserves - 1300 Million TPA
  • Power & other sector annual requirement - 25 Million TPA
  • Total reserves are just sufficient for next - 30 years


GMDC is supplying lignite satisfactorily to over 1600 consumers since last more than 4 decades.

Decadal production graphs of lignite

Fig : In Million T.

Avg. growth rate : 22 %


Lignite supplied in power sector by GMDC

GSEC (290 MW) & GMDC (250 MW) - 2.70 Mill. T

Small CPP - 2.50 Mill. T

Total - 5.20 Mill. T

Taking 1.50 Million T. per annum requirement for 250 MW, GMDC’s

lignite is assisting to generate 867 MW of Power in the State. This

lignite supply is directly helping State in meeting the power demand.