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Pes Cavus PowerPoint Presentation

Pes Cavus

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Pes Cavus

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  1. Pes Cavus

  2. What is Pes Cavus? • Excessive Elevation of Longitudinal Arch • High Arch • Foot is relatively inflexible • Much less common than Pes Planus • Also referred to as hollow foot or claw foot

  3. Causes of Pes Cavus • Neurological Disorders (60% of time) • Spina Bifidia • Poliomyelitis • Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease • Talipses Equinovarus (Clubfoot) • Muscle Imbalance • Weak calf muscles • Tight Plantar Fascia

  4. Excessive Supination • Claw Toes • Traumatic Incidents • Compartment Syndrome • Crushing Injury • Burns • Iatrogenic( overlengthing of the Achilles Tendon) • Malunion of Calcaneal or Talar fracture

  5. Signs and Symptoms • Pain during running, walking, or standing • Painful toes that can’t be straighten • Poor shock absorption • Foot length shorten • Callus on ball and heel of foot due to uneven weight distribution

  6. Abnormal shortening of the achilles tendon • Tight plantar faciitis • In frontal plane forefoot in varus and heel in valgus • May experience overuse symptoms in the knees, ankles, and back

  7. Examination • History to determine any neurological conditions • Observation of foot and toes • Examine Gait • MMT and Flexibility • ROM of Foot • Neurological Exam

  8. Colman Block Test • Patient is to stand on 2.5-4 cm block with heel and lateral border of the foot on the block. Bear full weight while the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd metatarsal hang freely into plantarflexion and pronation. Test is looking for hindfoot flexibility.

  9. Calcaneocavus Hindfoot abnormalities No pronation of forefoot; no varus deformity of hindfoot Dorsiflexion of calcaneum Cavovarus Forefoot abnormalities Forefoot pronated and heel in varus Claw toes Two Common Patterns

  10. Classification Systems • Mild • Longitudinal arch appears increased NWB • Longitudinal arch appears almost normal WB • Toes clawed NWB • Toes normal WB • Hindfoot varus

  11. Moderate • Longitudinal arch increases NWB and WB • Claw toes NWB and WB • Calluses under prominent metatarsal head • Dorsiflexion limited • Forefoot plantarflexed on hindfoot

  12. Severe • Calcaneos can’t pronate past 5 degrees varus • Heel in varus and foot in valgus • Decrease ROM in foot

  13. Classification

  14. Diagnostic Procedures • X-Ray foot • X-Ray Spine • Nerve Conduction Studies

  15. Treatment • Orthodics • Corrective/Better Supporting Shoes • Stretch Achilles Tendon/Plantar Fascia • Surgical Procedures in severe cases

  16. Return to Play • Arch Supports • Correct Shoes • Avoid Excessive Long Runs

  17. References • Gallaspy, J.B. May J.D. Signs andSymptoms of Athletic Injuries. Mosby-Year Book: St. Louis,1996. p.406. • Arneheim, D. Prentice, W. Principles of Athletic Training. McGraw Hill: Boston. 2000. 10th ed. P464 • Greene, W.B. Essentials of Musculoskeletal Car. American Academy of Orthopedic Surgery. 2001 2nd ed.

  18. www.sportsinjuryclinic.net/cybertherapist/front/foot/clawfoot.htmwww.sportsinjuryclinic.net/cybertherapist/front/foot/clawfoot.htm • www.emedicine.com/orthoped/topic539.htm • www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency.article/001261.htm • www.ortho-u.net/011/203.htm