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Campus Violence Prevention and Response: Best Practices for Massachusetts Higher Education Prepared by Applied Risk Management. Introduction. Applied Risk Management Department of Higher Education, Campus Safety and Violence Prevention Task Force Consulting Team: Security Experts from ARM

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Campus Violence Prevention and Response:

Best Practices for Massachusetts Higher Education

Prepared by

Applied Risk Management

introduction
Introduction

Applied Risk Management

Department of Higher Education, Campus Safety and Violence Prevention Task Force

Consulting Team:

  • Security Experts from ARM
  • Criminologists / Academics
  • Law Enforcement / Violence Prevention
process
Process

What information did we use?

  • National and local crime statistics
  • National and local best practices
  • Surveys
  • Dr. Fox’s & other research
nature and scope of the problem6
Nature and Scope of the Problem

Violent Crime – criminal homicide, sexual offenses and aggravated assault

Campus environment – free and open

nature and scope of the problem7
Nature and Scope of the Problem

Serious Violence is remarkably low

Tragedy of VA Tech has fixed our gaze

  • Severe and long-lasting consequences

Contagion

national best practices
National Best Practices

20 previous reports

ERP – plans and exercises

Mass Notification – systems and training

Threat Assessment Teams

FERPA and HIPAA

national best practices10
National Best Practices

20 previous reports

MOU with local agencies

Train community to recognize threats

Conduct risk assessments

Interoperable communications

NIMS Training

ma public colleges universities
MA Public Colleges & Universities

5 Campus Visits

Free training from State Police and FBI

Comprehensive Mass Notification

Detailed Risk Assessment

Advanced equipment

Threat Assessment Teams

Extensive CCTV deployment

the nature of the problem
The Nature of the Problem

90% of schools surveyed reported an increase of students with severe psychiatric problems in recent years

the good
The Good

100% of schools have ERP

100% of schools have a mass notification system

83% have on-campus mental health services

not so good
Not so good

65% have Threat Assessment Teams

52% have conducted active shooter training

54% do not have CCTV

50% non-interoperable communications equipment

slide17
Bad

88% have not conducted vulnerability assessments

81% of schools do not submit violent writings to experts for review

70% do not train faculty, staff and students on how to recognize signs of risk and violence

66% of campuses do not have armed police

65% do not have trained trauma response teams

recommendations19
Recommendations

27 Recommendations

  • National best practices
  • Research
  • ARM Survey
recommendations20
Recommendations
  • Controversial
  • Expensive
  • Difficult
  • Debatable

Self-Evident

  • Exterior door locks
  • Functioning exterior doors at dorms
improving the quality of communications the campus community as your eyes and ears
Improving the Quality of Communications: The Campus Community as Your Eyes and Ears
  • Prevention
  • Reaction
recommendation 15
Recommendation 15

Faculty and staff should receive training in identifying students at risk

GOAL: increase the probability that a possibly violent individual will receive help & avert any violence

Issues:

Efficacy

Making judgments

Liability issues

recommendation 3
Recommendation 3

Writings, drawings, and other forms of individual expression reflecting violent fantasy and causing a faculty member to be fearful or concerned about safety, should be evaluated contextually for any potential threat.

Higher education must permit, even encourage, free and individual expression

Must be mechanisms in place to get help when concerns arise

example seung hui cho
Example: Seung-Hui Cho

Lucinda Roy: "I've been teaching for 22 years, and there've only been a couple of times when I thought that this is a really, really worrying thing. And this was one of them."

recommendation 17
Recommendation 17

Faculty and staff should be informed about the appropriate protocol in the event of a crisis

  • Help or get out of the way?
  • Faculty/staff responsibility?
recommendation 1
Recommendation 1

Campus mental health services should be clearly available and easily accessible to students

Many violent individuals do not seek out help

Real goal is to make it so easily accessible that we encourage help-seeking behaviors among troubled individuals

recommendation 19
Recommendation 19

Graduate student applicants should be directly queried regarding any unusual academic histories, as well as criminal records and disciplinary actions

recommendation 20
Recommendation 20

Schools should conduct vulnerability assessments and update the assessment annually

recommendation 24 25
Recommendation 24 & 25

Every school should institute, train and maintain a threat assessment team

The TAT should consist of representatives from various departments and agencies including student services, counseling, faculty, police, HR and legal.

recommendation 6
Recommendation 6

Schools should install CCTV Cameras at strategic locations throughout their campuses

recommendation 8
Recommendation 8

Campus police should have up-to-date active shooter response plans in place and train their officers in active shooter tactics

recommendation 10
Recommendation 10

Campus police should be armed and trained in the use of personal and specialized firearms including shotguns and assault rifles

conclusions considerations
Conclusions: Considerations
  • Serious violence on campus is rare but consequences are devastating
  • Security entails costs – fiscal and otherwise – that must be considered and weighed
conclusions prevention
Conclusions: Prevention

Information sharing is the best prevention, but it is not enough by itself

conclusions response recovery
Conclusions: Response & Recovery
  • Campus police must have appropriate tools to respond to the rare but serious events that can occur today
  • Campuses should prepare prevention, response and recovery plans
final conclusions
Final Conclusions
  • Universities present unique challenges: security versus free thought
  • Recommendations are designed to balance both needs
  • Recommendations address both serious violence and more prevalent issues
  • The new reality: education and law enforcement must collaborate
questions
Questions

90 Maple Street

Suite 3B

Stoneham, MA 02180

888 365-8888

www.arm-security.com

Copies of the report are now available in the lobby