International Safety Management Code – ISM Code. October 2011. Rev: 1. Doc. Control No: HQS-014-17-002. Learning Outcomes. History of the ISM Code What is the ISM Code? Why is there a ISM Code? Objectives of the ISM Code Elements of the ISM Code. Definitions.
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Doc. Control No: HQS-014-17-002
ISM International Safety Management
IMO International Maritime Organization
MODU Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit
SMS Safety Management System
SOLAS Safety Of Lives at Sea
DOC Document of Compliance
SMC Safety Management Certificate
1980’s - There was mounting concern about the poor management standards in shipping. Investigations into accidents revealed major errors on the part of the management.
1987 - the Maritime Safety Committee was called to develop guidelines concerning shipboard and shore-based management to ensure the safe operation of ships.
1993 - The ISM Code for the Safe Operation of Ships and for Pollution Prevention was adopted by the IMO as Resolution A.741(18).
1994 - Amendments to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) 1974, the International Safety Management Code (ISM Code) became mandatory.
The ISM Code is an international standard for the safe management and operation of ships and for pollution prevention.
The Code requires each owning or managing company to establish a Safety Management System (SMS) to ensure the safe operation of the ships under their management.
It came into force on 1 July 1998 as SOLAS Chapter IX, ‘‘Management for the Safe Operation of Ships’’.
It is estimated that a high proportion of maritime accidents (80%–90%) are attributed to human error.
Investigations into accidents highlighted shortcomings on the part of ship management both at sea and ashore.
193 Persons died
ISM Code aims to ensure Safety at sea, Prevention of human injury or loss of life, and avoidance of damage to the environment, particularly the marine environment, and to the property.
It applies to ALL Passenger ships, Oil & Chemical tankers, Bulk carriers, Gas carriers.
Other cargo ships above 500 gross tonnage and Self Propelled MODU were required to comply no later than 1 July 2002.
It does not apply to vessels below 500 gross tonnage or Military vessels.
Companies can also voluntarily undertake ISM compliance if their vessels do not meet compulsory criteria.
Songa Offshore has undertaken voluntary ISM compliance for all fleet vessels.
To achieve the aims of ISM Code, each company should: Establish a Safety and Environmental Protection policy which is implemented and maintained by all staff both Onshore & Offshore.
The Company should establish a Safety and Environmental protection policy.
The Company should ensure that the policy is implemented and maintained at all levels of the organization both ship based as well as shore based.
Identification of the operator If the entity who is responsible for the operation of the ship is other than the owner, the owner must report the full name and details of such entity to the Administration.
The Company Should define and document the responsibility, authority and interrelation of all personnel who manage, perform and verify work relating to and affecting safety and pollution prevention.
Provision for adequate resources The Company is responsible for ensuring that adequate resources and shore-based support are provided to enable the designated person or persons to carry out their functions.
To ensure the safe operation of each ship and to provide a link between the company and those on board, every company, as appropriate, should designate a person or persons ashore having direct access to the highest level of management.
The responsibility and authority of the Designated Person or persons should include monitoring the safety and pollution prevention aspects of the operation of each ship and to ensure that adequate resources and shore based support are applied, as required.
Ole Petter Landa - Vice President QHSE
Business Phone: +357 2520 7778
Cell Phone: +357 9777 0873
Ian Martin - Vice President Operations
Business Phone: +357 2520 7780
Cell Phone: + 357 9777 0870
The Company should clearly define and document the Master’s responsibility with regard to:
The Company should ensure that each ship is manned with qualified, certificated and medically fit seafarers in accordance with national and international requirements.
The Company should establish procedures for the preparation of plans and instructions, including checklists as appropriate, for key shipboard operations concerning the safety of the ship and the prevention of pollution.The various tasks involved should be defined and assigned to qualified Personnel.
The Company should establish procedures to identify, describe and respond to potential emergency shipboard situations.
The Company should establish a program for drills and exercises to prepare for emergency actions.
The SMS should provide for measures ensuring that the Company's organization can respond at any time to hazards, accidentsand emergency situations involvingits vessels.
The SMS should include procedures ensuring that non-conformities, accidents and hazardous situations are reported to the Company, investigated and analysed with the objective of improving safety and pollution prevention.
The Company should establish procedures for the implementation of corrective action, including measures intended to prevent recurrence.
The Company should establish procedures to ensure that the ship is maintained in conformity with the provisions of the relevant rules and regulations and with any additional requirements which may be established by the Company.
The Company should establish and maintain procedures to control all documents and data which are relevant to the SMS.
The Company should carry out internal safety audits to verify whether safety and pollution-prevention activities comply with the SMS.
Internal audits should be conducted in order to verify that the SMS is functioning effectively.
While there is no stated period for audit, most Companies opt to audit each office or vessel annually.
The Company should periodically evaluate the efficiency of and, when needed, review the SMS in accordance with procedures established by the Company.
The ship should be operated by a company which has been issued with a Document of Compliance (DOC)
The Safety Management Certificate should be issued to a ship for a period which should not exceed five years.
The Master or OIM is to submit to the Designated Person Ashore the monthly Masters Review.
Designated Person to review submitted elements and provide written feedback to Master or OIM.