1 kings chapters 1 11 the life of solomon n.
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1 Kings Chapters 1-11 The Life of Solomon. Foundational Book #8. AUTHOR AND DATE OF WRITING. The Books of 1 and 2 Kings were originally one book and therefore written by the same author Many believe that the author was a Jewish captive living in Babylon

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author and date of writing
AUTHOR AND DATE OF WRITING
  • The Books of 1 and 2 Kings were originally one book and therefore written by the same author
  • Many believe that the author was a Jewish captive living in Babylon
  • Others think that Jeremiah the prophet was probably the one who penned these books
  • In either case, the date would be around 600 BC, around the time of Judah’s captivity
important data on 1 kings
IMPORTANT DATA ON 1 KINGS
  • The Book of 1 Kings begins with Solomon coming to the throne over all of Israel and ends with Jehoshaphat of Judah and Ahaziah of Israel reigning in the divided kingdom
  • The book would cover a period of about 125 years
  • The KEY WORD would be “division” as the kingdom becomes divided in chapter 12 which is the KEY CHAPTER.
setting of the book
Setting of the Book
  • 1 Kings begins with the sad circumstance of Solomon’s ascension to the throne
    • David’s feebleness
      • Abishag was chosen to help take care of David
      • A virgin was chosen because she had the status of a concubine but in fact served David as a nurse
    • Adonijah’s self willed ambition to succeed his father
      • Adonijah was the oldest surviving son of David
        • David’s first four sons were Amnon, Chileab, Absalom and Adonijah
          • Amnon and Absalom died violent deaths
          • Chileab must have died in childhood
        • Adonijah thought he had a legitimate claim to the throne
adonijah plots to take the throne i kings 1 1 31
Adonijah plots to take the throneI Kings 1:1-31
  • First Adonijah gained valuable allies
    • Joab
    • Abiathar the Priest
  • Second he had a feast for his supporters in which he declared his kingship
  • Nathan, the prophet, learned of Adonijah’s plan to claim the throne
    • He persuaded Bathsheba to help him convince David to issue a proclamation that Solomon was to be King
who was solomon
Who was Solomon
  • He was the third and last king of United Israel
    • He reigned 40 years
  • Was also known as Jedidiah which means Yahweh's beloved
  • Solomon extended the Kingdom to it’s greatest geographical limits as will as it’s greatest material prosperity
  • He was very intelligent but in his later years lost his spiritual discernment
  • He succumbed to apostasy to which he was severely chastened by God
what were some of solomon s accomplishments
What were some of Solomon’s accomplishments
  • He built the temple in 7 years
  • He build the temple complex in 13 years
    • This was a series of 5 different structures
  • He built many cities to help further his trade empire
  • He made cities of storage and cities for chariots and cavalry throughout Israel
  • He pioneered trade routes linking Africa, Asia, Arabia, and Asia Minor
  • He entered the horse trade in Asia Minor
  • His naval fleet sailed from Ezion-Geber in the Gulf of Aqaba to Ophir on the Coast of the Red Sea
  • He wrote Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, Psalms 72 and 127 along with over 1000 songs
  • He had 700 wives and 300 concubines
  • He built shrines for worshiping false gods to satisfy his heathen wives
solomon made king 1kings 1 32 53
Solomon made King1Kings 1:32-53
  • David make an oath to Bathsheba that Solomon would be king
  • David instructed Zadok, Nathan, and Benaiah to have Solomon ride David’s mule to Gihon and had them anoint Solomon publicly as king
    • Since we know that the division of the Kingdom happened at 931 BC and Solomon reigned 40 years we can put the beginning of Solomon's reign at 971 BC
    • This also allows us to place the date of the Exodus of 1447 BC because of the years given in 1 Kings 6:1
  • Solomon’s kingship brought and end to the plans of Adonijah
    • He sought refuge from Solomon by laying his hands on the horns of the Altar
      • This was a place of refuge for those who had committed unintentional crimes
david s advice to solomon 1 kings 2 1 9
David’s advice to Solomon1 Kings 2:1-9
  • At this time Solomon was David’s coregent
    • This would be until David dies
  • It is traditional in the Ancient Near East that a king would pass on formal instructions to his son and successor
    • Joab and Shimei were unresolved conflicts from David’s reign
      • Joab had killed 2 of his generals
      • Shimei had openly opposed and cursed David
    • Barzillia had supported the king in times of great need
death of david adonijah joab and shimei 1 kings 2 10 2 46
Death of David, Adonijah, Joab and Shimei 1 Kings 2:10-2:46
  • David dies after reigning for 40 years
  • Adonijah asks for Abishag
    • This was tantamount to claiming the throne for himself
      • Solomon executed him
  • Abiathat is deprived of his priesthood
    • This fulfills the prophec concerning the house of Eli
    • He was only banished, not killed due to his previous support of David
  • Joab is killed by Benaiah
    • Joab’s guilt could secure protection at the horns of the Altar
  • Shimei is banished to the other side of the Kidron in Jerusalem
    • After 3 years he broke this agreement and Solomon had Benaiah kill him
solomon marries pharaoh s daughter 1 kings 3 1 2
Solomon Marries Pharaoh's Daughter1 Kings 3:1-2
  • The marrying of a princess of another country customarily sealed a political alliance between the 2 countries
  • The giving of the Pharaoh's daughter to a foreign kings is virtually without precedent
    • The fact the king of Egypt did this show his respect for Solomon
solomon s wisdom 1 kings 3 3 4 34
Solomon’s Wisdom1 Kings 3:3-4:34
  • Solomon prays for wisdom~ 3:3-15
  • Solomon and the two women ~ 3:16-28
  • Solomon’s princes and Governors
    • 4:1-6 lists Solomon’s chief administrators
    • 4:7-19 is a list of Solomon’s district governors
  • The number 40,000 in verse 26 is probably miscopied, it should read 4,000
solomon s wisdom 1 kings 4 30 34
Solomon’s Wisdom1 Kings 4:30-34

Solomon's wisdom surpassed the wisdom of all the sons of the east and all the wisdom of Egypt.  For he was wiser than all men, than Ethan the Ezrahite, Heman, Calcol and Darda, the sons of Mahol ; and his fame was known in all the surrounding nations. 

 He also spoke 3,000 proverbs, and his songs were 1,005 .  He spoke of trees, from the cedar that is in Lebanon even to the hyssop that grows on the wall ; he spoke also of animals and birds and creeping things and fish. 

 Men came from all peoples to hear the wisdom of Solomon, from all the kings of the earth who had heard of his wisdom.

solomon decides to build the temple 1 kings 5 1 18
Solomon decides to build the temple1 Kings 5:1-18
  • David had already had an alliance with King Hiram
    • Solomon continued this alliance
  • Hiram provided the famed Cedars of Lebanon for the temple
    • He also sent craftsmen to work
    • Solomon sent food in exchange for the wood
  • Solomon instituted labor by conscription
    • This was forced labor
    • Samuel warned Israel about this
cedars of lebanon1
Cedars of Lebanon
  • CedrusLibani possesses an imposing trunk that may attain a height of 120 feet and a diameter of 9 feet
  • The trunk is often branching and having a dense crown with an inclined dark green head of characteristic flat growth in adult tree
  • Secondary branchles are often ramified like a candelabra
  • There are description of a Cedar of Lebanon with a trunk of 45 feet in circumference
solomon builds the temple
Solomon Builds the Temple
  • David had already started gathering materials for the temple
  • There were 70,000 carriers and 80,000 stone cutters
    • These were a slave labor force
  • There was a total of 3850 supervisors
    • There were 3600 Canaanite supervisors
    • The other 250 were Israelites
  • The basic plan of Solomon’s Temple was the same as the Tabernacle except for the doubling of the length and width of the sanctuary and increasing its height
slide19

http://thideology.files.wordpress.com/2012/09/solomonsamericantemple.jpg+http://thideology.files.wordpress.com/2012/09/solomonsamericantemple.jpg+

the other buildings of solomon 1 kings 7 1 14
The other buildings of Solomon1 Kings 7:1-14
  • While the temple only took 7 years to build Solomons own house took 13 years
    • This was due to the many buildings that made up the palace complex
  • The order of the buildings given is in order of approach to the palace
    • House of the Forest of Lebanon
      • An armory
    • The Porch of Pillars
      • A colonnaded entry hall
    • The Porch of Judgment
      • The Throne Hall
    • A palace for the Pharaoh’s daughter
  • There was also a great court that encircled the entire Temple and palace
    • There was also an inner court that surrounded the Temple
    • Access from the palace to the temple was through the Gate of the Guard
slide21

1 'Great Court'

2 'Second Court'

3 'Court of the Temple'

4 House of the forest of Lebanon

5 Hall of Pillars

6 Hall of Judgment

7 Royal Palace

8 Harem

9 Temple

10 Altar

the two pillars of brass 1 kings 7 15 22
The Two Pillars of Brass1 Kings 7:15-22
  • The pillars were named Jachin and Boaz
    • Jachin mean “He Establihes” ~ on the Right
    • Boaz mean “In Him is Strength” ~ on the Left
  • The height of the pillars is confirmed by 2 kings 25:17
    • The measurements in 2 Chronicles 3:15 was miscopied
    • There were 18 cubits high
      • 27 feet
    • 12 cubits around
      • 18 feet
    • They were hollow
      • Only about 4-6 inches thick
the molten sea 1 kings 7 22 26
The Molten Sea1 Kings 7:22-26
  • The molten seas was cast in one bronze piece by Hiram
    • This is not the king but a skilled craftsmen
  • It was set upon 12 bronze oxen
    • These were late removed by Ahaz who replaced them with a stone base
  • The Sea took the place of the laver of the Tabernacle and was used for the ritual washing of the priests
  • The measurements of the Sea was 30 cubits around and 10 cubits from rim to rim
    • Circumference of45 feet
    • Diameter of 15 feet
  • The Molten sea held 2,000 baths of water
    • Probably 11,500-12,000 gallons
  • It was placed in the southeast corner of the temple
the ten bronze basins and stands 1 kings 7 27 39
The ten bronze basins and stands1 Kings 7:27-39
  • There were five movable bronze basins which were used to rinse burnt offerings
  • The normal placement was 5 on each side of the temple
  • There were 10 mobile stand that were able to carry the 10 basins
  • Each basin was bronze and held 40 baths
    • 230 gallons
hiram s bronze work 1 kings 7 40 47
Hiram’s bronze work1 kings 7:40-47
  • This passage gives us a summary of the work Hiram did on the temple
the furnishings of the temple 1 kings 7 48 51
The furnishings of the Temple1 Kings 7:48-51
  • Golden Altar
  • Golden Table
  • The Golden Lamp Stands
  • Gold floral work and lamps and tongs
  • Gold basins and dishes
  • Even the sockets which held the doors of the most Holy Place and of the Main hall were also gold
  • After this was completer Solomon also brought in the treasure that David had gathered
    • Probably in the side chambers
dedication of the temple 1 kings 8 1 66
Dedication of the Temple1 Kings 8:1-66
  • With the completion of the temple and all the furniture in place it was time for the placement of the Ark of the Covenant
    • After the Ark was placed in the temple the presence of God fills the Temple
      • The Shekinah Glory
  • Solomon’s Prayer
  • Solomon’s 7 requests
  • Solomon’s Sacrifice
    • 22,000 cattle
    • 120,000 sheep and rams
the immensity of god 1 kings 8 27
The Immensity of God1 Kings 8:27
  • Applied to God Immensity means that God cannot be limited by space and is in fact beyond space
    • Space is the area where physical reality and being exist and is limited in that degree
    • Where space ends, God still persists infinitely beyond all limits of space and time
events of the solomonic era 1 kings 9 1 11 43
Events of the Solomonic Era1 Kings 9:1-11:43
  • The Lord’s second appearance to Solomon 9:1-9
  • Business relations between Solomon and Hiram 9:10-14
  • The levy of forced labor and urban development 9:15-24
  • Solomon’s religious activities 9:25
  • Solomon’s commercial activities 9:26-28
events of the solomonic era 1 kings 9 1 11 431
Events of the Solomonic Era1 Kings 9:1-11:43
  • Solomon and the Queen of Sheba 10:1-13
    • Sheba was in southwest Arabia, modern day Yemen
    • The queen had thought the reports of Solomon to be exaggerated but she realized that his fame had not doen him justice
  • The Wonders of the Solomonic Era 10:14-29
    • His income was 666 talents of Gold
      • About 25 tons
        • He was richer that any other king on Earth 10:23
      • Making of Shields
      • Making of the Throne
      • The making of the trade ships
      • His horses and Chariots
events of the solomonic era 1 kings 9 1 11 432
Events of the Solomonic Era1 Kings 9:1-11:43
  • Solomon’s many wives 11:1-13
    • 700 wives
    • 300 concubines
  • God takes Solomon to task for the many wives
    • He is not judged for his horses or his wealth
      • Wealth is one of the bonuses God had promised Solomon in 1 Kings 3:13
        • It was God’s gift and he should not be criticized for it
  • As Solomon grew older his become increasingly vulnerable to control of his wives
deuteronomy 17 14 17
Deuteronomy 17:14-17
  • "When you enter the land which the LORD your God gives you, and you possess it and live in it, and you say, ‘I will set a king over me like all the nations who are around me,‘  you shall surely set a king over you whom the LORD your God chooses, one from among your countrymen you shall set as king over yourselves; you may not put a foreigner over yourselves who is not your countryman.  "Moreover, he shall not multiply horses for himself, nor shall he cause the people to return to Egypt to multiply horses, since the LORD has said to you, 'You shall never again return that way.‘  "He shall not multiply wives for himself, or else his heart will turn away ; nor shall he greatly increase silver and gold for himself. 
events of the solomonic era 1 kings 9 1 11 433
Events of the Solomonic Era1 Kings 9:1-11:43
  • Solomon’s sin was all the greater because of the special privileges he enjoyed 1 Kings 11:9-111
    • God had appeared to Solomon twice
    • Solomon had not kept God’s Covenant
  • God raises up three men to be adversaries of Solomon
    • Hadad the Edomite 11:14-22
    • Rezon of Damascus 11:23-25
    • Jeroboam 11:26-40
solomon death 1 kings 1 41 41
Solomon’ Death 1 Kings 1:41-41
  •  Now the rest of the acts of Solomon and whatever he did, and his wisdom, are they not written in the book of the acts of Solomon?  Thus the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years. And Solomon slept with his fathers and was buried in the city of his father David, and his son Rehoboam reigned in his place.
solomon s mark in history
Solomon’s Mark in History
  • Solomon left a big mark in history
    • His fame and wisdom live on
  • He represents the first stage to the fulfillment of the Davidic Covenant
  • Despite his faults he Foreshadows the Coming of Christ, the true Son of David
  • His words of wisdom live as recorded in Scripture have challenged, taught and inspired men through out the ages