Alexander the Great • Between 404 B.C. and 362 B.C. Greek states competed. Persia was still playing a key role and Macedonia took the lead.. • Macedonian king was dependent on his power from his nobles. • 359 B.C. Philip of Macedon becomes king. He was captured by the Thebans and admired the Greeks. • He paid his troops and used the phalanx.
Alexander the Great • Philip of Macedon conquered the Greek colonies around Macedonia. • Demosthenes - a great Greek orator opposed Philip. The Greek city-states would not unify and so fell to Philip. • Philip II conquered Greece in 338 B.C. and was assassinated by an officer in his army. • Alexander at 20 succeeds Philip.
Alexander comes to power • Alexander sets out to take over the world. He conquers Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, Mesopotamia. ( incredible engineers ) • Alexander conquers Darius of Persia and then moves on to India. He finally turns back in 326 B.C. • Alexander on his march back catches cholera and dies at the age of 33. • Alexander spread Greek culture throughout the known world.
Alexander comes to power • The breakup of Alexander’s great empire occurs when his family is slaughtered by rival generals. • His generals honored as God Kings divide the kingdom into Macedonia, Egypt, and Syria. • Ptolomey rules in Egypt and writes a biography on Alexander. • The warring Greek states and kingdoms paves the way for the Romans.