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Vermont Agency of Natural Resources Ambient Water Quality Monitoring Program. Neil Kamman, Environmental Scientist VI VT Dept. of Env. Conservation – Water Quality Division. Water Quality Monitoring in Vermont. VTANR Structure The VT Water Quality Standards

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vermont agency of natural resources ambient water quality monitoring program

Vermont Agency of Natural ResourcesAmbient Water Quality Monitoring Program

Neil Kamman, Environmental Scientist VI

VT Dept. of Env. Conservation – Water Quality Division

National Water Quality Monitoring Council - Philadelphia, PA 7/24/2007

water quality monitoring in vermont
Water Quality Monitoring in Vermont
  • VTANR Structure
  • The VT Water Quality Standards
  • VT’s Water Quality Monitoring Program Strategy
  • Program Design and Highlights

National Water Quality Monitoring Council - Philadelphia, PA 7/24/2007

vt anr structure
VT ANR Structure

National Water Quality Monitoring Council - Philadelphia, PA 7/24/2007

slide5
Lakes/ponds, rivers, wetlands
  • Groundwater
  • Wastewater and stormwater compliance

National Water Quality Monitoring Council - Philadelphia, PA 7/24/2007

reorganization of vtanr
Groundbreaking restructuring of ANR functions

Opportunity for integrated coordination of the VT water quality monitoring program across multiple centers

Reorganization of VTANR

National Water Quality Monitoring Council - Philadelphia, PA 7/24/2007

vermont water quality standards
Vermont Water Quality Standards
  • Administered by the VT Water Resources Panel
  • VTANR provides technical services to the Panel in the derivation and implementation of WQS
  • Panel holds legal authority to establish and modify WQS and classifications
  • VTANR carries out assessment, listing, and TMDL functions using WQS
  • VT Env. Court adjudicates legal issues regarding application of WQS

National Water Quality Monitoring Council - Philadelphia, PA 7/24/2007

vermont water quality standards1
Vermont Water Quality Standards
  • Collection of numeric and narrative standards
  • Tiered Aquatic Life Use gradient is written into the classification system of VWQS

* Standard “no toxics in toxic amounts” language does apply

National Water Quality Monitoring Council - Philadelphia, PA 7/24/2007

status of biocriteria in vt
Status of biocriteria in VT

National Water Quality Monitoring Council - Philadelphia, PA 7/24/2007

vt water quality monitoring program strategy
VT Water Quality Monitoring Program Strategy
  • Follows EPA “10 Elements” guidance
  • Issued for period 2005-2015
  • Provides architecture for monitoring, assessment, listing, and data archiving activities
  • Articulates monitoring designs to meet two major goals:

National Water Quality Monitoring Council - Philadelphia, PA 7/24/2007

vt wq mon program strategy
VT WQ Mon. Program Strategy

Goal 1: Predict and monitor the condition of Vermont’s aquatic and wetland resources to:

  • identify emerging problems;
  • provide information essential to protecting, maintaining and/or restoring the integrity and use of these resources;
  • achieve comprehensive monitoring coverage of all Vermont waters;
  • identify water quality conditions, impairments, causes, and sources; and,
  • evaluate the success of current policies and programs.

National Water Quality Monitoring Council - Philadelphia, PA 7/24/2007

vt wq mon program strategy1
VT WQ Mon. Program Strategy

Goal 2: Communicate, collaborate and coordinate with organizations, agencies, and the general public to:

  • increase public knowledge of and involvement in water resource monitoring
  • promote efficient and effective monitoring and assessment programs; and
  • collect useful data to supplement state monitoring and assessment programs.

National Water Quality Monitoring Council - Philadelphia, PA 7/24/2007

program highlights
Program highlights
  • Split-design incorporating targeted and probability-based approaches
  • Balanced resource allocation to lakes and rivers assessment that retains flexibility
  • Standardized methods (field and laboratory)
  • Development of monitoring systems for wetlands
  • Focus on partnerships with other organizations
  • Program is very thin on automated obs. systems
  • Total resource commitment: 13FTE within VTDEC, not including temporary technician services

National Water Quality Monitoring Council - Philadelphia, PA 7/24/2007

rivers and streams
Rivers and streams:
  • Ambient biomonitoring program
    • Active since <1980
    • >1,400 sites within network
    • Annual target of ~150 sites using standard protocols
  • Rotating Basin Assessment
    • Five-year cycle of probability-based sites
    • Initially implemented in conjunction with the Nat’l Wadeable Streams Assessment
    • Provides an assessment of statewide stream biological attainment, with confidence estimates
  • Stream Geomorphic Assessment Program
    • Major initiative to understand physical stream processes
    • Hundreds of reaches characterized since 2003
    • Geomorphic assessment is now a pre-requisite to receipt of CWA 319 remediation funds from VT

National Water Quality Monitoring Council - Philadelphia, PA 7/24/2007

lakes and ponds
Lakes and ponds:
  • Spring Nutrient and Lake Assessment Programs
    • >100 lakes assessed annually
    • >700 stations within network
  • Lake Champlain Long-term Monitoring Program
    • Major monitoring initiative aimed at supporting Vermont’s “Clean and Clear Water Action Program”
  • REMAP Mercury Survey (1998) and National Lake Survey (on-going)
    • 50-lake probability surveys
    • Provide an assessment of statewide lake conditions and use attainment with confidence

National Water Quality Monitoring Council - Philadelphia, PA 7/24/2007

wetlands and groundwater
Wetlands and groundwater:
  • Development of methods for wetlands biological assessment
  • General groundwater monitoring for support of community drinking water systems (DEC-Water Supply Division)
  • Monitoring of radionuclides, arsenic, and groundwater quantity in support of non-community drinking water use

National Water Quality Monitoring Council - Philadelphia, PA 7/24/2007

volunteer based monitoring
Volunteer-based monitoring:
  • Vermont Lay Lakes Monitoring Program
    • 1977 to present
    • >80 lakes / Lake Champlain stations monitored for nutrients and chlorophyll-a by citizens (longest-term volunteers have given 25+ years of service)
  • LaRosa Environmental Partnerships
    • 2003 to present
    • Competitive program to provide laboratory services to watershed organizations
    • 29 groups supported since 2003, 18 active in 2007
    • Generated >29,000 records of QA’d data from >250 sites statewide

National Water Quality Monitoring Council - Philadelphia, PA 7/24/2007

important partnerships
Important partnerships
  • VTANR – LaRosa Environmental Laboratory
  • US Geological Survey
  • USEPA Region 1, OWOW, and ORD
  • University of VT
  • VT State Colleges
  • Numerous lake and watershed associations
  • Schools

National Water Quality Monitoring Council - Philadelphia, PA 7/24/2007

data management
Data management
  • Data management systems include in-house sequel or MSAccess-based repositories, and a non-node link to Storet (WQX by our existing node in evaluation presently)
  • Current database in excess of 700,000 records of physical, biological, or chemical datapoints
  • Some web-based reporting available (lakes)
  • VTANR initiative underway to modernize data archiving within a new Enterprise system
  • VTANR initiative to develop automated fieldoffice data streams using remote computing

National Water Quality Monitoring Council - Philadelphia, PA 7/24/2007

there is much much more
There is much, much more:
  • Assessment and listing processes
  • TMDL development and implementation
  • Gov. Douglas’ Clean and Clear Initiative
  • Monitoring within the remediation context
  • Hazardous sites monitoring/characterizations

WWW.VTWATERQUALITY.ORG

WWW.VERMONT.GOV/CLEANANDCLEAR

VT has a flexible program to adapt to new issues…

National Water Quality Monitoring Council - Philadelphia, PA 7/24/2007

our newest issue
Our newest issue:

National Water Quality Monitoring Council - Philadelphia, PA 7/24/2007