Language & Meaning. COM 370—Psychology of Language John R. Baldwin Illinois State University. American Communication What is said q “I” focus q Impolite talk q Direct talk q Assertive speech q Self-enhancing talk q Public personal questions q Expressive speech.
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COM 370—Psychology of Language
John R. Baldwin
Illinois State University
What is said
q “I” focus
q Impolite talk
q Direct talk
q Assertive speech
q Self-enhancing talk
q Public personal questions
q Expressive speech
What is not said
q Polite talk
q Indirect talk
q Hesitant speech
q Self-effacing talk
q Private personal questions
q Reticent speechAmerican & Chinese Communication
(Gao & Ting-Toomey, 1998)
Some tonal humor… http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b4gKqjd00E4
(Goddard & Wierzbicka, 1997)
Not an apology, because the speaker may or may not be responsible for the bad thing!
What are some scripts or language forms for each of the following groups? What underlying values do they suggest?
Compare and contrast!
How might such differences cause difficulty in intercultural communication, negotiations, public relations or media work,?
Ethnography (Soc/Anth)—Dell Hymes
Ethnography of Speaking/Comm
Gerry Philipsen (UW)
Bradford “BJ Hall
Mary Jane Collier?
Speech codes involve/result/create:
The “Descriptive Model”:
Scene: when, where…
Act sequence: what order…
Instrumentalities: channel, register
Genre: what (joke, conversation,
leave-taking, requests, instructions…)
“Accommodating, going along with”: 4 aspects
“the specific verbal and nonverbal behaviors that we engage in to maintain or restore face loss and to uphold and honor face gain”
Suspended judgment appeals
…Facework interaction strategies(Ting-Toomey, 2005)