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Key Technologies for UAV Interoperability. 19 November 2003. 41 st Annual NDIA Symposium Presented by: Dave Buis The Boeing Company. Agenda. What is Interoperability UAV Roles and Missions UAV Interoperability in a System of Systems Interoperability Technologies Mission Management

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key technologies for uav interoperability

Key Technologies for UAV Interoperability

19 November 2003

41st Annual NDIA SymposiumPresented by: Dave BuisThe Boeing Company

agenda
Agenda
  • What is Interoperability
  • UAV Roles and Missions
  • UAV Interoperability in a System of Systems
  • Interoperability Technologies
    • Mission Management
    • Communications
    • Processing Architecture / Infrastructure
    • Human Systems Interface
    • Cooperative Adaptive Autonomy
  • Civil and Commercial Operations in the NAS
  • Summary

19 Nov 2003 – Dave Buis

what is interoperability
What is Interoperability?

Vitale Garber, Interoperability OSD, NDIA, Systems Engineering Conference, October, 2002

19 Nov 2003 – Dave Buis

slide4

Manned Aircraft

Air Combat

CAS

ASW

AEW

Armed Recce

Reactive SEAD

Future UAV Potenial

Non-Lethal SEAD

Stand-OutAEA

Strike

ASuW

Stand-In AEA

Information Operations

High Value Strike

Non- Pene ISR

UAV’s In Development

Deep Strike

Current UAVs

TAC Recce

Penetrating ISR

Lethal SEAD

Directed Energy

CommRelay

Cruise Missiles

BDA

Manned, Unmanned, or Combined Options Available to Field Commanders

Military Roles & Missions for Unmanned Systems Will Continue to Expand

High

Mission

Complexity

Low

High

Low

Likelihood of Encounter - Lethal / Integrated Threat

  • Mission Complexity:
    • Low: Preplanned and/or simple operator interaction, readily pre-programmable
    • Medium: Frequent near-real time decisions, compatible with machine decision logic
    • High: Numerous complex, real-time decisions / reactions by operator.
    • Highly situation dependent

19 Nov 2003 – Dave Buis

slide5

Passenger Transport

Manned Aircraft

PAV

Search & Rescue

Emergency Response

Satellite Repair

National

Automated Vehicle Highway

Autonomous Construction

Infrastructure Repair

Illegal Activity Monitoring

Cargo Transport

Crime Scene Investigation

Interior Inspection of Pipelines

Resource Exploration

Border &

Drug Traffic Patrol

Riot Control

Fire Fighting

Infrastructure &

Agriculture Inspections

Traffic Monitoring

Fertilizer, Pesticide, Fire Retardant Application

Atmospheric, Geological, Volcanic, Oceanic Monitoring

Investigative Journalism of Remote/Forbidden Areas

Automated Distribution Warehouse

CommRelay

Manned, Unmanned, or Combined Options Available to Customers

Roles and Missions for Unmanned Systems will Expand into Civil and Commercial Applications

High

Mission

Complexity

Low

High

Low

Safety Complexity

  • Mission Complexity:
    • Low - Preplanned and/or simple operator interaction, readily pre-programmable
    • Medium -Frequent near-real time decisions, compatible with machine decision logic
    • High - Numerous complex, real-time decisions / reactions by operator.Highly situation dependent

19 Nov 2003 – Dave Buis

GP30110038.ppt

slide6

An Unmanned System is

a Network-Enabled System

  • Key issues:
    • Mission management architecture with cooperative, adaptive, autonomy
    • Communications (connectivity, bandwidth)

19 Nov 2003 – Dave Buis

slide7

Link-16

NAVY

UAVs Must be Fully Integrated

Into Network Centric Operations

  • Key considerations:
    • Level of integrated operations
      • Manned / unmanned interoperability
    • Interoperable / Integrated Operating Environment
    • UAV Mission Management

19 Nov 2003 – Dave Buis

elements of a mission management architecture
Elements of a Mission Management Architecture

Inputs

Outputs

Mission Management Architecture Is Central to Interoperability

19 Nov 2003 – Dave Buis

mission management elements reside in both mcs uav
Mission Management Elements Reside in Both MCS & UAV

Decision Aiding

(Multi Level Autonomy)

Decision Aiding

(Multi Level Autonomy)

Air Vehicle

Contingency

Management

Contingency

Management

Command

Control

Sensors

Signal / Data

Processing

(e.g., Sensor Fusion,

Automatic Target Cueing)

MCS

Stores

Bandwidth

Efficient

Communication

Bandwidth

Efficient

Communication

Integrated

Vehicle Health

Management

Human

System

Interface

Human

System

Interface

Contingency

Management

Contingency

Management

Bandwidth

Efficient

Communication

Bandwidth

Efficient

Communication

Mission

Management

Distributed

Data Services

CAOC &

External I/F

Decision Aiding

(Multi Level Autonomy)

Decision Aiding

(Multi Level Autonomy)

19 Nov 2003 – Dave Buis

network centric architecture
Network Centric Architecture
  • Addressable Nodes at sensor level
  • Dynamic & Redundant Routing

Space

Air

Terrestrial

Information Grid Enables Data Sharing

Across a Flexible Robust Network

19 Nov 2003 – Dave Buis

communications integration digital network of diverse platforms

Interoperability Considerations:

    • Established Ops Procedures (CONOPS)
    • On-Board Processing (sharing Info vs Data)
    • Competition for Spectrum
      • Bandwidth
      • Number of Channels (Availability)
    • System interfaces
    • Probability of Detection, Intercept, Jamming
    • Encryption Support
Communications Integration- Digital Network of Diverse Platforms

MILSTAR, Gapfiller/

Commercial Ku

NTM Systems

UAV

Intel Broadcasts

Reachbackto CONUS

MMA, E2-C,

Joint STARS,Rivet Joint, etc.

Theater ROEand Guidance

Link-16

LOS Data Link

(Link-16, TCDL, MADL)

EO

ESM

ATOs/

Dynamic

Retasking

Strike Package

CVBG

SAR

GMTI

LOS Data Link

MCS

GP24197022.ppt

19 Nov 2003 – Dave Buis

adaptable human system interface
Adaptable Human System Interface
  • Provides Mission Commander the right information to predict and anticipate
    • Vehicle situation /location
    • Target / threat environment
    • Reconfigurable displays for various vehicles and missions
    • Multiple vehicle control with single operator

User-Friendly HSI Provides Command & Control for Mixed Operations

19 Nov 2003 – Dave Buis

autonomous systems technologies are critical for interoperability
Autonomous Systems Technologiesare Critical for Interoperability

Cooperative

Mission Adaptive

Autonomous

Vehicles

Mission

Adaptive

Autonomous

Vehicles

Autonomous

Vehicles

  • Vehicle Mgmt System
  • Vehicle Control
  • Trajectory Mgmt
  • Flight Control
  • Mission Planning
  • Mission Mgmt System
  • Mission Monitoring
  • Decision Aiding
  • Collision Avoidance
  • Situational Awareness
  • Data Mining/Sensor Mgmt
  • Mission Health
  • Contingency Mgmt
  • Communications with
  • Manned Airspace/Controller
  • System of Systems
  • Integration w/Multiple
  • Mission Control Systems
  • Cooperative Autonomous
  • Multi-Platform Mission Control
  • Dynamic Re-Planning
  • Multi-Vehicle Health
  • Formation Flight
  • Multi-Agent Collaboration
  • Mixed Initiative Behaviors

Cooperative Mission Adaptive Autonomous Systems

Enables Higher Level Decision Making & Mission Management

19 Nov 2003 – Dave Buis

ops in the nas end state capabilities
Ops in the NAS End State Capabilities

Fully Integrated into

Class A Airspace

Autonomous Conflict Avoidance with Cooperating & Non-Cooperating A/C

Air Vehicle

Auto-Land

Weather Sensing

Enhancements

(Including Security)

FL180

C2 “Hand-Off”

Command &

Control

(LOS, BLOS)

C, D, E

Airspace

C, D, E

Airspace

C, D, E

Airspace

ARTCC

  • ATC Commands
  • Airspeed
  • Route of Flight

Surface

Operations

Near Real Time Weather Information @ Control Station

19 Nov 2003 – Dave Buis

unite access 5

Steps 1&2 currently funded

Achieve Routine, Safe and Reliable Access in the NAS for HALE UAV

UNITE / Access 5

Standard

Certificate

of

Airworthiness

Special

Airworthiness

Certification

STEP

4

Establish Type

Certification Basis

STEP

3

Experimental

Certification

Routine Operations Above FL 180 Through C, D, E Airspace

Emergency to ROA

Airport

STEP

2

Routine Operations Above FL 180 Through C, D, E Airspace

STEP

1

Routine Operations Above FL 180 Through Restricted Airspace

Routine Operations Above FL 400 Through Restricted Airspace

19 Nov 2003 – Dave Buis

summary
Summary
  • Interoperability of diverse systems is critical to UAV future
    • Expanding roles for military applications
    • Civil and commercial applications
    • Mixed operations with manned aircraft
  • Technologies required for interoperability
    • Robust and secure communications via multiple links
    • Key Network Centric System Interface Standards
    • Adaptable cooperative autonomy for command & control of vehicle and sensors
    • Adaptable User-friendly Human Systems Interface
  • Regulatory and policy issues must be addressed to enable UAV’s to operate in the NAS

19 Nov 2003 – Dave Buis