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Helping athletes walk the talk: Consultants’ experiences in using self-talk with athletes. David Tod 1 , James Hardy 2 , Ailsa Niven 3 , & David Lavallee 1 1 Aberystwyth University, UK, 2 Bangor University, UK 3 Heriot Watt University, UK. Self-talk.

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helping athletes walk the talk consultants experiences in using self talk with athletes

Helping athletes walk the talk:Consultants’ experiences in using self-talk with athletes

David Tod1, James Hardy2, Ailsa Niven3, & David Lavallee1

1Aberystwyth University, UK, 2Bangor University, UK

3Heriot Watt University, UK

self talk
Self-talk
  • Self-talk refers to verbalizations addressed to the self,
    • typically meaningful to athlete,
    • and may serve a purpose (Hardy, Oliver, & Tod, in press)
advancing knowledge
Advancing knowledge
  • Talk to consultants (Andersen, 2005)
  • Purpose: examine consultants’ experiences to identify:
    • Professional development implications
    • Future research directions
participants
Participants
  • Sport psychology consultants:
    • Males (11) & females (9)
    • Age ranged from 27 to 46 years
    • BASES (12), BPS (1), or both (7)
    • CBT (16), Humanistic (5), Psychodynamic (1), Gestalt (1)
    • Experience ranged from 4-14 years
interviews
Interviews
  • Lasted 40 to 60 minutes
  • Focused on one positive and one negative consulting experience
  • Recorded onto audiocassette tape and transcribed verbatim
  • Subject to a thematic content analysis (Patton, 2002)
quality control
Quality control
  • Triangulation (Patton, 2002)
    • Analyst review
    • Participant review
    • Theoretical (Hardy et al., in press, Orlinsky et al., 2004)
results professional development
Results: Professional development
  • Acknowledging abusive sporting systems
  • Erotic countertransference
  • Undertaking personal psychotherapy
  • Exposure to the master therapists
  • The value of self-reflection
discussion
Discussion
  • Future work on consultants’ experiences
    • Qualitative methods (e.g., confessionals, autoethnographies, case studies)
    • Draw on counselling literature (e.g., Brown & Lent, 2008; Ellis & Dryden, 2007)