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Bill Clinton
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Bill Clinton

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  1. Bill Clinton

  2. Clinton’s Challenge • Replace the Truman Doctrine • Guidelines • Wilsonian Internationalism • Focus on Economics

  3. The Goal? High Politics Low Politics

  4. Clinton’s Foreign Policy Legacy? Economic World Order Building • NAFTA: North American Free Trade Agreement • FTAA: Free Trade Area of the Americas • APEC: Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation • WTO: World Trade Organization

  5. Clinton’s Foreign Policy Legacy? • Peace Operations • Somalia • Rwanda • Bosnia • Kosovo

  6. Clinton Doctrine? Engagement and Enlargement: “En-En” Strategy • A National Security Strategy of Engagement and Enlargement, February 1995 • A National Security Strategy of Engagement and Enlargement, February 1996 • A National Security Strategy for a New Century, May 1997 • A National Security Strategy for a New Century, October 1998 • A National Security Strategy for a New Century, December 1999 • A National Security Strategy for a Global Age, December 2000. • Speeches by Clinton, Lake, and Albright. September 1993 • Speeches by Christopher and Albright, November 1993

  7. En-En 1 Strengthening the Core Group of Liberal-Democracies • North America • Western Europe • Northeast Asia

  8. En-En 2 Transitional States

  9. En-En 3 Rogue States: 1. Iran

  10. 2. Iraq

  11. 3. North Korea

  12. En-En 4 Weapons of Mass Destruction proliferation

  13. En-En 5 Big Emerging Markets: BEM • China • India • Brazil • Indonesia • Poland • Russia • Venezuela

  14. En-En 6 Human Rights and Humanitarian Crises • Somalia • Bosnia • Haiti • China • Burma

  15. En-En 7 Multilateralism NATO UN

  16. Peace Operations Peacekeeping vs. Peace Enforcement

  17. Clinton-Era Peace Operations • Somalia 1993 • Rwanda 1994 • Bosnia 1995 • Kosovo 1998/99 • PRD-13 (1993) • PDD-25 (1994)

  18. Somalia 1993

  19. Rwanda 1994 • Hutu vs. Tutsi

  20. The Crisis • 800,000 deaths in 100 Days • By 1996: 2 million refugees • Pre-crisis population: 6 million

  21. References on Rwanda • UNAMIR(UN Assistance Mission for Rwanda) • International Tribunal for Rwanda • 1999 Independent Inquiry(for UN Secretary General)

  22. Bosnia 1991 (map reference)

  23. Bosnia 1995: Who controls what

  24. Bosnia: Dayton Accords Aftermath

  25. Kosovo 1998-99

  26. Dilemmas of En-En • Economics focus, but Peace Ops • Peace Ops, but Viet Nam Syndrome • Aggressive push for Free trade, but more protectionist liberal democratic allies • BEM, but biggest BEM is China • Taiwan and the 1996 Crisis