AUSTRALIA and NEW ZEALAND. GEOGRAPHY 200 DR. STAVROS COSTANTINOU . Australia and New Zealand: Location and Size. Australia occupies a peripheral location relative to the world land masses. It is surrounded by ocean. Australia is located between 11 º S and 44º S.
DR. STAVROS COSTANTINOU
These highland formations extend along the east coast from Cape York to southern Tasmania in a belt from 161 km. (100 mi.) to 402 km. (250 mi.) wide. They seldom reach elevations of 1000 m. (3000 ft.). Their highest summit, the highest point in Australia, is Mount Kosciusko, which attains only 2195 m. (7316 ft.). This is the only area of Australia which does not experience a considerable period of draught each year.
This is a very extensive area that occupies the interior of Australia and is very dry. The Great Australian Desert is part of this area.
This is a low elevation area that covers significant portions of the coastal part of the country and the Murray Basin and Great Artesian Basin, and the Perth Lowland.
Australia is a federalcountry, in contrast to most European countries which are unitary. The Commonwealth of Australia was established on January 1, 1901 and consists of six states and the federal territories of the national capital and the Northern Territory. The site of Canberra as the capital city was chosen in 1908 as a compromise between Melbourne and Sydney.
New Zealand is located over 2414 km (1500 miles) southeast of Australia. The country has 4,000,000 inhabitants in 2003 and about 85 percent of the population is of European descent. The Maoris (indigenous people of New Zealand) number about 450,000 and several people are of mixed ancestry.
New Zealand has a British heritage like Australia and a small market. Great distances from the world's markets promote the desire for emphasizing domestic manufacturing.
Like Australia, New Zealand is highly urbanized with 77 percent of the population concentrated in cities which are located on the coast. About 3/4 of all New Zealanders live in the North Island. Nearly all of the Maoris live on the North Island.