AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND. AUSTRALIA. Smallest continent Largest island Original inhabitants-Oboriginal people lived on the continent 40-60,000 yr ago First european settlement by British 1788 World’s driest inhabited continent
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A. Political institutions and practices follow Western democratic tradition
A. federation has a 3 tier systme of gov. 1.the A. parliament (the legislature) and Government which responsible for all matters of national interest 2.six state governments and their legislatures, complementing activities NG 3.About 900 local gov. bodies cities, towns
A. is independent but retains constitutional links with Britian
Queen Elizabeth ll is formally Queen of Australia
Federal houses of Parliament HoRep. And Senate
House divided among states on pop. Basis
Senate has 12 senators from ea. State and 2 ea. From territories
Prime minister elected by party that has most MP’s
Many political parties with largest are Liberal Party, National Party, A. Labor Party & A. Democrats
Relationships with Britain, Europe and U.S. forged by history
Growing awareness of importance of politically, economically, strategically significant countries of Asia and S. Pacific nations have led A. to intensify it’s friendly and cooperative relations with them.
Japan is A. larges trading partner
Relations with China have been marked diplomatic links est. 1972
China is a significant market for A.
A. technical cooperation program with China is designed to help China’s development
A. has very close relationship with New Zealand across all areas of political, economic and social activities