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Articulating and Measuring Competencies Across the Continuum of Osteopathic Medical Education. Articulating and Measuring Competencies Across the Continuum of Osteopathic Medical Education. Peter B. Dane, D.O. FACEP Associate Dean for Pre-doctoral Education

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Articulating and Measuring Competencies Across the Continuum of Osteopathic Medical Education


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    1. Articulating and Measuring Competencies Across the Continuum of Osteopathic Medical Education

    2. Articulating and Measuring Competencies Across the Continuum of Osteopathic Medical Education • Peter B. Dane, D.O. FACEP Associate Dean for Pre-doctoral Education Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine • Paul M. Krueger D.O. FACOOG Associate Dean for Education and Curriculum UMDNJ-School of Osteopathic Medicine • Karen M. Steele, D.O. FAAO Associate Dean for Osteopathic Medical Education West Virginia School of Osteopathic Medicine

    3. Objectives At the end of the session attendees will: • Define the process of developing a competency based curriculum • Link learning objectives to appropriate assessment tools • Outline a method of competency assessment and documentation. • Use institutional assessment to achieve the AOA Core Competency #1 – Osteopathic Philosophy and Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine

    4. How? • Competency Based Education 101 • Assessment Mapping • OMM & Institutional Assessment • Questions • Discussion

    5. INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE A Bridge to Quality

    6. IOM Crossing the Quality Chasm • “Competencies are defined here as the habitual and judicious use of communication, knowledge, technical skills, clinical reasoning, emotions, values, and reflection in daily practice.” • Hundert et al. Acad Med 1996; 71(6):624

    7. IOM Competencies • Provide patient-centered care • Work in interdisciplinary teams • Employ evidence-based practice • Apply quality improvement • Utilize informatics

    8. Seven Core Competencies of the Osteopathic Profession • Osteopathic Philosophy and Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine • Medical Knowledge • Patient Care • Interpersonal and Communication Skills • Professionalism • Practice-Based Learning and Improvement • Systems-Based Practice

    9. Competency Based Education • Who is it for? • Not just residents! • Not just medicine! • What is the difference? • Design • Explicit • Assessad

    10. Why Should We Move to Competency Based Education?? Institute of Medicine “All health professionals should be educated to deliver patient centered care as part of an interdisciplinary team, emphasizing evidence-based practice, quality improvement approaches and informatics”

    11. Why Should We Move to Competency Based Education?? • IOM Levers • “Accreditation is the most potent lever for curricula reform…” • CMS should take the lead in funding…” • Report cards

    12. Why Should We Move to Competency Based Education??

    13. How do you design a competency based curriculum?

    14. BACKWARDS

    15. Designing a Competency Based Curriculum • Start with the finishing resident/student • Identify • Knowledge • Skills • Attitudes/behaviors • WHAT to learn

    16. Management of Cervical Neoplasia Learning Objective Perform a pap smear Outline management for an abnormal pap smear Assess the need for cervical screening Describe the pathogenesis of cervical neoplasia

    17. BACKWARDS

    18. Designing a Competency Based Curriculum • Start with the finishing resident/student • Identify • Knowledge • Skills • Attitudes/behaviors • What • HOW

    19. Teaching/Learning • Lecture • Discussion • Student Directed Learning • Case Based Learning • Problem Based Learning • Role Playing • Simulated Patient Lab • Electronic & Computer Simulators • Web Based

    20. Does Shows How Knows How Knows Linking Learning Objectives to Assessment: Millers Triangle

    21. Learning Objective Millers Triangle Perform a pap smear Does Outline management for an abnormal pap smear Shows How Assess the need for cervical screening Knows How Describe the pathogenesis of cervical neoplasia Knows

    22. The ACGME Toolbox http://www.acgme.org

    23. Learning Objective Millers Triangle Evaluation Tool Perform a pap smear Does Checklist, Record review Outline management for an abnormal pap smear Shows How OSCE, Standardized patient Assess the need for cervical screening Knows How Multiple choice exam, oral exam, OSCE Describe the pathogenesis of cervical neoplasia Knows Multiple choice exam, oral exam

    24. Designing a Competency Based Curriculum • Explicit • Assessed BACKWARDS

    25. Outline a method of competency assessment and documentation • Peter B. Dane, D.O. FACEP Associate Dean for Pre-doctoral Education Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine

    26. Articulating & Measuring Competencies Across the Continuum of Osteopathic Medical Education: Institutional Assessment Karen M. Steele, D.O., F.A.A.O. Associate Dean for Osteopathic Medical Education West Virginia School of Osteopathic Medicine

    27. Goal of OPP Integration Project • “to create a curriculum that will graduate physicians who utilize the osteopathic philosophy in their clinical practices and provide osteopathic manipulation to their patients.” James R. Stookey, D.O., 1992

    28. AOA Core Competency #1 • Residents are expected to demonstrate & apply knowledge of accepted standard in Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment (OMT) appropriate to their specialty. The educational goal is to train a skilled & competent osteopathic practitioner who remains dedicated to life-long learning and to practice habits in osteopathic philosophy & manipulative medicine.

    29. Needs assessment, 1993 • Interviewed faculty, students, staff • Reviewed senior exit data, national board performance in OPP, ECOP curriculum document, etc • Surveyed classes of 1987 and 1988 • last classes to have finished residency and be in practice 2 or more years prior to OPP Integration project • return rate 57%

    30. OPP Integration Project • 1992 Task force named • 1993 Institutional self-assessment, creation of document, curriculum committee revision & approval* • 1994 OPP Integration Discipline (now the Case Studies in Osteopathic Medicine Discipline) • 1995 First OMM Student Clinic • 1996 OPP Integration became standing faculty committee • 1997 Faculty voted to change review criteria for retention, tenure and promotion to include OPP Integration • 2003 Position of Associate Dean of Osteopathic Medical Education created, OPP Integrated into PBL *(http://www.wvsom.edu/clinicalsciences/opp/OPPIntegDoc93.pdf)

    31. Assessment 2003 • Survey of class of 1998 • first class to have finished residency and be in practice 2 years and have had OPP Integration for 4 years of osteopathic medical education • return rate 38%

    32. “Classroom/lab exposure to osteopathic philosophy was provided by:CLINICAL SCIENCES” faculty

    33. “Classroom instruction/assistance in integration of OMT into practice was provided by: CLINICAL SCIENCES” faculty

    34. “Classroom/lab exposure to osteopathic philosophy was provided by:BASIC SCIENCES” faculty

    35. “Classroom instruction/assistance in integration of OMT into practice was provided by: BASIC SCIENCES” faculty

    36. “At the end of your sophomore year, how well prepared were you to diagnose and treat a patient regarding OMT/OPP?”

    37. “For rotations with DOs, instruction/assistance in integration of OMT into practice was provided by:

    38. “To what extent did your clinical rotations enhance your preparation regarding OMT/OPP?”

    39. “OVERALL, by graduation, did you feel that you were adequately prepared to diagnose and treat a patient regarding OMT/OPP?”

    40. Comparison end year two and four self evaluation of preparation to diagnose and treat a patient regarding OMT/OPP • Class of 1988 • End of year 2 – 80% felt well or very well prepared • End of year 4 – 60% • Class of 1998 • End of year 2 – 95% felt well or very well prepared • End of year 4 – 75%

    41. Future planned assessments • Comparison of student rating of incorporation of osteopathic concepts • between WVSOM on-campus and guest faculty teaching in 1st two years • Between DO and non-DO teachers • Between systems, courses and disciplines

    42. Conclusion • Institutions can change in a pre-determined way, if guided by a vision and clearly defined goals • Assessment is a powerful tool to reinforce and guide that change • Create assessment tools that you can live with long term

    43. Questions for Discussion • Competencies – Important advance or the next fad? • Are the AOA GME competencies right for predoctoral education? • How do we assess professionalism? • Can competencies be integrated into CME? • How much Systems Based Practice is right for predoctoral education?