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An Evaluation Study on the Implementation of National Laws on Packed Food Products. Sponsored By: Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Food Processing Industries, Government of India. Author Bejon Misra, assisted by P.K Dhingra, Puneet Kalra & the VOICE team.

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an evaluation study on the implementation of national laws on packed food products

An Evaluation Study on the Implementation of National Laws on Packed Food Products

Sponsored By:

Ministry of Agriculture,

Department of Food Processing Industries,

Government of India

Author

Bejon Misra, assisted by

P.K Dhingra, Puneet Kalra & the VOICE team

voluntary organisation in interest of consumer education voice
Voluntary Organisation in Interest of Consumer Education (VOICE)

VOICE is a registered Non Government Organisation working since 1983 to promote, protect and educate the consumers on their rights and responsibilities through its activities focused on:

  • Education
  • Comparative Testing
  • Advocacy & Campaign
  • Research & Development
key questions
KEY QUESTIONS
  • ) To document the existing level of implementation of National Laws concerning labeling and packing of imported food products.
key questions4
KEY QUESTIONS
  • ) To analyze and compare with Indian made food products and similar imported food products in terms of adherence of the National Laws.
key questions5
KEY QUESTIONS
  • ) To prepare a well-documented campaign kit for the consumer groups in India on the study to sensitize and build awareness among consumers on seeking & demanding mandatory information on all packed food products.
methodology
METHODOLOGY

Stage - I

9 markets were identified

SOUTH DELHI : Lajpat Nagar,Vasant Vihar,Chanakya Puri.

NORTH DELHI : Shalimar Bagh, Pitampura.

WEST DELHI : Rajouri Garden.

CENTRAL DELHI : Karol Bagh.

EAST DELHI : Faridabad, Noida.

methodology7
METHODOLOGY

Stage - II

457 samples were purchased from 9 selected markets and were scientifically collated and analyzed in terms of the information available on the packs to see whether they confirmed to the law or not.

methodology8
METHODOLOGY

Stage -III

The final report was mailed to the leading consumer organisations to develop the future action plan on sustaining a campaign on the implementation of the national laws on food labeling and packaging.

scope of study
SCOPE OF STUDY
  • Prevention of Food Adulteration Act (1954).
  • Adulterated Food- comes within the scope

of section 2(1a) of PFA Act (1954).

  • Misbranded Food- comes within the scope

of section 2(1X) of PFA Act (1954).

  • Prevention of Food Adulteration rules (1955)
  • Packing and labelling of food under PFA

Rules (1955).

scope of study10
SCOPE OF STUDY
  • Packing and labelling of food under PFA Rules (1955)
  • Variations from prescribed standard: - Standards for different food items are laid down in Appendix B to PFA Rules (1955) and standards for foods are grouped into different groups i.e. spices, cereals and cereal products, oils and fats, confectionery etc.
  • Packaged Commodity Rules (1977). Provisions applicable to imported foods Rule 33.
  • Fruit Products Order (1955).
type of samples
TYPE OF SAMPLES

(a) Confectionery:Chocolate,Candy,Toffee,Biscuit,Pastry & similar.

(b) Beverages :Juice,Carbonated,Drink, Milk, Ice Tea & similar.

(c) Meat :Fish,Ham,Pork,Prawn & similar.

(d) Value added Food Products:Pasta,Sauce,Spices & similar.

highlights of the analysis13
HIGHLIGHTS OF THE ANALYSIS

Other Countries:

Korea, Italy, Denmark, Australia, Indonesia, Switzerland, Holland, Singapore, Japan, China, France, Hong Kong, UAE etc.

slide14

MAJOR

VIOLATIONS

case study
CASE STUDY

This label of Northland Cranberry Grape juice from West Indies does not show batch number, month and year of production and best before. Also it has not declared separate declaration about the use of flavour.

case study19
CASE STUDY

This label of Licht & Roming Koffiecreamer powder from Utrecht is proprietary item which contains anti-caking agent and its use in Koffiecreamer is not permitted as per Indian law. This is classified as adulterated.

case study20
CASE STUDY

This package of Owl Kopi-O does not declare the names of ingredients.

case study21
CASE STUDY

The foreign languages on the package does not carry any English or Indian language version.

case study22
CASE STUDY

This Label of Armada Heringsfilets from Deutschland contains aroma, which needs separate declaration under the Indian Law is missing.

case study23
CASE STUDY

Other than the brand name SAVING nothing else is written in English or any Indian version.

case study24
CASE STUDY

Similarly other than the brand name PERSONAL COOKING nothing is written in English or any Indian language.

case study25
CASE STUDY

The labels of Lipton Ice Tea from Singapore is a proprietary item, which does not display the name and address of manufacturer or importer. It also does not give a separate declaration about the use of flavour.

case study26
CASE STUDY

Some more products which were collected from the markets under the scope of the study.

case study27
CASE STUDY

The label of Super Cook Milk Chocolate Chips from UK does not give information about the name and address of the manufacturer and also the month and year of manufacture.

case study28
CASE STUDY

This Label of Lyle’s Golden Syrup from England has no information on the ingredients, month & year of manufacture and best before date.

case study29
CASE STUDY

This Label of Tudor gold Hazelnut from Australia does not display the batch number and separate declaration about the use of added flavour.

commonality

There is only one commonality between our labelling regulations and labels used by foreign exporters and that is in the case of ingredient list, as laid down as per our provisions of law.

COMMONALITY

There is only one commonality between our labelling regulations and labels used by foreign exporters is in the case of ingredient’s list, as laid down under the provisions of our existing law.

recomme n dations
RECOMMENDATIONS
  • Regular Training of Custom officials,retailers,
  • importers and other agencies dealing with
  • packaged food products on the existing provisions
  • of Law.
  • Empowering the consumers to demand
  • implementation of the existing laws.
  • Strengthening the existing regulatory authorities.
  • Proper coordination between the various
  • concerned Central Government Ministries.
  • Mandatory declaration by all importers on
  • implementation of the existing laws:.
conclusion
CONCLUSION
  • Empowering Common consumers with the knowledge and effective mechanisms to protect their rights and perform their duties as responsible consumers.
  • Safety and health concerns of our citizens should be the prime objective of every government. Public health issues should always prevail over trade and commerce.
  • The study should be used as a campaign tool to sensitize retailers, importers and consumers.
conclusion33

Contd..

CONCLUSION

4. The market should always provide an unbiased platform for all stakeholders and the regulatory mechanisms should encourage the best practices

5. Such studies should be commissioned in a regular manner to evaluate the performance of the regulators and the industry towards their consumers.