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Adapting to Others: Bridging Culture & Gender Differences. HCOM-100 INTRUCTOR NAME. Communication Principles. Adapting to Others PREVIEW. Culture and Communication Gender and Communication Barriers to Bridging Differences and Adapting to Others Adapting to Others Who Are Different From You.

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Adapting to Others: Bridging Culture & Gender Differences

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adapting to others preview
Adapting to OthersPREVIEW
  • Culture and Communication
  • Gender and Communication
  • Barriers to Bridging Differences and Adapting to Others
  • Adapting to Others Who Are Different From You
culture communication
Culture & Communication
  • Culture is a learned system of knowledge, behavior, attitudes, beliefs, values, and norms that is shared by a group of people.
  • Cultures are not static
  • A Co-Culture is a cultural group within a larger culture.
    • Amish
    • Gender
culture communication1
Culture & Communication
  • Intercultural communication occurs when individuals or groups from different cultures communicate.
  • Culture shock refers to a sense of confusion, anxiety, stress, or loss that occurs when you encounter a culture that has little in common with your own.
  • Our culture and life experiences determine our world view – the general perspective that determines how we perceive what happens to us.
cultural contexts
Cultural Contexts
  • People from different cultures respond to their surroundings or cultural context cues in different ways.
  • High-context Cultures
    • Nonverbal cues are extremely important
    • Communicators rely on the context
  • Low-context Cultures
    • Rely more explicitly on language
    • Use fewer contextual cues to interpret information
cultural contexts1
Cultural Contexts

Beebe & Ivy, 2004, pg )

cultural values
Cultural Values
  • Masculine and Feminine Perspectives
  • Avoidance or Tolerance of Uncertainty
  • Distribution of Power
  • Individualism or Collectivism
cultural values masculine feminine
Cultural Values:Masculine/Feminine
  • Feminine
    • Emphasize building relationships and seeking peace and harmony with others
  • Masculine
    • Emphasize getting things done and being assertive
    • Tend to value traditional roles for men and women
    • Not a reflection of biological sex
cultural values uncertainty and certainty
Cultural Values:Uncertainty and Certainty
  • Avoidance of Uncertainty
    • Like to know what will happen next
    • Develop and enforce rigid rules for behavior and establish more elaborate codes of conduct
  • Tolerance for Ambiguity
    • Tend to be comfortable with uncertainty
    • Relaxed, informal expectations from others
cultural values approaches to power
Cultural Values:Approaches to Power
  • Decentralized Approach
    • Leadership is not vested in one person, power is decentralized
    • Decisions are likely to be made by consensus
  • Centralized Approach
    • Militaristic approach to power
    • Prefer strongly organized, centrally controlled form of government
cultural values individualism collectivism
Cultural Values:Individualism & Collectivism
  • Collectivistic Cultures
    • Champion what people do together and reward group achievement
    • Strive to accomplish goals for the benefit of the group
  • Individualistic Cultures
    • Individual recognition
    • Self-realization
    • Tend to be loosely knit socially
gender communication
Gender & Communication
  • Sex-based Expectations
    • Starts at birth
    • Gender roles are transmitted via communication
  • Why and how Women & Men Communicate
    • Instrumental and expressive orientations
    • Content and relational dimensions of messages
barriers to bridging differences
Barriers to BridgingDifferences
  • Assuming Superiority
    • Ethnocentrism
  • Assuming Similarity
  • Stereotyping & Prejudice
    • Stereotyping involves pushing others into inflexible, all-encompassing categories
    • Prejudice is a judgment someone has made based on the assumption that we already know all of the information we need to know about a person.
  • Different Communication Codes
adapting to others
Adapting to Others
  • Seek Information
  • Listen and Ask Questions
  • Tolerate Ambiguity
  • Develop Mindfulness
    • Engage in self-talk
  • Become other-oriented
    • Other-oriented communication
    • Social decentering
    • Empathy & sympathy
  • Adapt to others
what questions do you have
What questions do you have?


1.) Reading?

2.) Turn in assignments?