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CLOVER and Syllable Division. Using the Six Syllable Types to Help Students Unlock Words. We know we think we can’t live without them, but please turn your cell phones off or put them on vibrate . Reading Research Blocks Series. Phonological Awareness. Decoding. Syllable division.

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slide1

CLOVER and Syllable Division

Using the Six Syllable Types to Help Students Unlock Words

slide2
We know we think we can’t live without them, but please turn your cell phones off or put them on vibrate.
slide3

Reading Research Blocks Series

Phonological Awareness

Decoding

Syllable division

Onset & Rime

Phonemic awareness

Comprehension

Phonics

Fluency

Syntax

Multisyllabic Words

Morphology

Spelling

Encoding

Vocabulary

Irregular words

Decoding

Word derivation

Rhyme

did you know
Did you know?
  • 50%of English isrule governedand completely regular
  • 37%of words have only one irregularity
  • 13%irregular

87%

what s this session about
What’s this session about?

This session will address helping those kids who have splinter reading skills, but have few skills to unlock unknown words.

They guess based on the first letter or two.

They use pictures (not many pictures at this level) and what they know, or think they know, of the content.

slide6

Instruction must be cumulative, sequential, and systematic, so that students overcome the bad habit of relying on context and guessing to decode unknown words.

Louisa Moats

in this session you will learn
In this session, you will learn
  • The 6 syllable types
  • How to identify syllable types in a word
  • How to divide words into syllables and identify what the vowel says based on the syllable pattern
  • Gain confidence in your ability to present vocabulary so that students become more able and empowered in unlocking unknown words.
pretest
Pretest

Let’s see what we know first

slide9

Hang in there…

Here we go!

slide10

CLOVER

Closed Syllable

drill

stamp

whiz

lip

plod

slide13

1

Closed?Yes or No

bat coat try

stamp grim grime

no pick shut

ask chip dream

slide14

Closed?Yes or No

bat coat try

stampgrim grime

no pick shut

ask chip dream

slide15

n

i

p

c

a

t

slide16

f a n t a s t i c

3 vowels

3 syllables

fan tas tic

slide18

shadplit

shad plit

Blend to the end

swashblam
swashblam

swash blam

sh = digraph

bl = blend

slide20

2

Divide these words into syllablesCount the consonants between the vowels and group them together – Remember blend to the end when possible

British

complex

transmit

clupnet

chinfrob

handshake

vambith

contrast

brethren

slide21

clup net

vam bith

com plex

trans mit

chin frob

con trast

breth ren

handshake

Brit ish

slide22

CLOVER

Open Syllable

she

try

tra

no

dru

open yes or no

3

Open?Yes or No

hi I she

fee flu will

Kate pry belt

open yes or no25
Open?Yes or No

hiI she

feeflu will

Katepry belt

slide26
silo

si lo

o o

zero

ze ro

O O

silent protest erupt

4

silent protest erupt

si lent pro test e rupt

o c o c o c

tulip open humid

even frequent menu

result began defrost

how d you do
How’d You Do?

tu lip o pen hu mid

o c o c o c

e ven fre quent men u

o c o c c o

re sult be gan de frost

o c o c o c

slide30

CLOVER

Vowel – Consonant e Syllable

stove

bride

flute

cake

tribe

silent e yes or no

5

Silent e?Yes or No

quite chive slip

squish eke glare

dim dime camp

silent e yes or no33
Silent e?Yes or No

quitechive slip

squish eke glare

dim dime camp

let s do these together
Let’s Do These Together

apron

think pr between the 2 vowels

blend to the end if possible

a pron

ә

distribute
distribute

Think:

4 vowels, but the e on the end is silent

So I will have 3 syllables

Divide between the 2 “i’s str (3 letter blend)

I’ll try putting s with the 1st syllable and blend to the end with tr – dis tr

Now I have to divide between the i and the u.

I’ll flex the b – dis tri bute dis trib ute

Distribute is a word I know.

closed open silent e v e

6

Closed – Open – Silent e (v-e)

athlete inflate

romantic economize

stipulate replenish

microscope amnesty

rejuvenate navy

closed open silent e
Closed – Open – Silent e

ath letein flate c v-e c v-e

ro man tic e con o mize

o c c o c o v-e

stip u late re plen ish

c o v-e o c c

closed open silent e38
Closed – Open – Silent e

mi cro scopeam nes ty

o o v-e c c o

re ju ven ate na vy

o o c v-e o o

slide39

CLOVER

Consonant le

cycle

kettle

giggle

bubble

riffle

slide40
-le
  • Always the last syllable
  • “e”s only job is to make it a vowel

ble fle

tle ple

gle zle

cle dle

watch the spelling
Watch the spelling

ta ble

sim ple

drib ble

cra dle

ket tle

What do you notice?

slide42
table ta ble o -le

kettle ket tle c -le

drizzle driz zle c -le

rifle ri fle o -le

simple sim ple c -le

cycle cy cle o -le

riddle rid dle c -le

giggle gig gle c -le

your turn

7

Your Turn

grumble huddle maple

able tackle crumble

bugle dangle tumble

slide44

How did you do?

grum ble hud dle ma ple

c -le c -le o -le

a ble tac kle crum ble

o -le c -le c -le

bu gle dan gle tum ble

o -le c -le c -le

slide45

CLOVER

R Controlled Syllable

third

thorn

spurn

star

herd

ar or er ir ur
arorer ir ur

smart for bird turn

curve skirt short farm

stork fern third storm

p a rt i cl e
particle

ә

par ti cle

r o -le

Ә = schwa

slide48

scarlet circus tribute

survive thirsty organize

interrupt paragraph internalize

candle tremble final

Afganistan photosynthesis

8

Putting it together

c l o e r

slide49

scar let cir cus trib ute

r c r c c e

sur vive thir styor gan ize

r e r o r c e

ә ә

in ter rupt para graph in ter na lize

c r c r o c c r o e

slide50
ә

can dle trem ble fi nal

c -le c -le o c

ә

Af gan i stan

c c o c

ә

pho to syn the sis

o o c o c

slide51

CLOVER

Vowel Team Syllable

sew

steak

roast

slow

stain

first vowel says its name
First Vowel Says Its Name

ai ay

ee ea (eat, bread, steak)

ey

igh

oa ow

oe

slide53
eigh (eight) ei (vein)

ie (piece)

ue ui oo ew eu (Sue, suit, moo, blew, Europe)

oi oy (boil, toy)

ou ow (trout, brow, brown, trowel, power)

au aw (August, flaw, brawl)

slide54

flower

flow er

VT r

slide55

9

Try these

freedom lighter cruiser

crucify May triple

eighteen frontier majority

defeat remember fraternity

try these
Try these

ә

free dom light er crui ser

VT c r VT r

ә ә

cru ci fy May tri ple

o o o VT o -le

ә ә

eigh teen fron tier ma jori ty

VT c VT o r o o

ә ә

de feat re mem ber fra ter ni ty

oVTo c r o r o o

syl la ble di vi sion58

www.trcabc.com/media/syllables.gif

Syl la ble Di vi sion

Takes the guess work out of syllable division

syllable division rules
Syllable Division Rules
  • Step One: Find and underline all the single vowel sounds. umbrella
  • Step Two: Count the number of consonants between the vowels. umbrella

3 2

  • Step Three: Divide the syllables according to the number of consonants between the vowels. um brel la

c c o

count the syllables
Count the Syllables

lady

See Syllable(s)

22

slide61
rain

See Syllable(s)

____ ________

try these62

10

Try These

grape sleeve

pillow thief

crocodile umbrella

cry porcupine

how did you do
How Did You Do?

grape 1 sleeve 1

pillow 2 thief 1

Crocodile 3 umbrella 3

cry 1 porcupine 3

dividing words into syllables
Dividing Words Into Syllables

Rule Share Fair

When there are 2 consonants between 2 vowels, each syllable usually gets a vowel

muffin

balloon

signal

Which word(s) have a schwa sound in them?

dividing words into syllables65
Dividing Words Into Syllables

Rule Share Fair

When there are 2 consonants between 2 vowels, each syllable usually gets a vowel

muffin muf fin

balloon bal loon

signal sig nal

Which word(s) have a schwa sound in them?

e

e

rules for dividing the syllables between the consonants
Two or 4 consonants between vowels

Usually divide the consonants evenly

ad mit

c c

swing shift

c c

rabbit

c c

Rules for dividing the syllables between the consonants
rules for dividing the syllables between the consonants67
Four consonants between vowels:

in general, divide them evenly

may experiment with other ways

diphthong (keep digraphs together)

subscribe (keep 3 letter blends together)

seamstress

marshmallow

Rules for dividing the syllables between the consonants
dividing words into syllables with one consonant between vowels
Dividing Words Into Syllables with One Consonant Between Vowels

Rule Flexing

When there is one consonants between 2 vowels, the vowel can go either way. Flex the vowel – try it with both syllables to find the real word

bacon bacon
baconbacon

11

bac on

ba con

polish Brazil

bacon

crazy camel

  • Mark the syllable types.
  • Which word can be read 2 ways?
  • Which syllables have a schwa sound?

(Hint: there are 3)

how did you do70
How Did You Do?

Polish or polish

o c c c

Brazil

o c

bacon

o c

crazy

o o

camel

c c

e

e

e

rules for dividing the syllables between the consonants71
One consonant between vowels:

Usually divide before the consonant

first vowel will be long

if it sounds like a real word you know – GOOD

tu na

o c

i ris

o c

hu man o c

Rules for dividing the syllables between the consonants
rules for dividing the syllables between the consonants continued
If dividing after the vowel doesn’t make a

word you know. . .

try dividing after the consonant

cab in

c c

hab it

c c

trav el

c c

Rules for dividing the syllables between the consonants (continued)
rules for dividing the syllables between the consonants73
Three consonant between vowels:

Generally put the first consonant with the first vowel, and the other two with the second vowel

Try to keep blends together

BLEND TO THE END

simply

mischief

um brella

mon ster

al phabet

contract

extreme

Rules for dividing the syllables between the consonants
slide74
When there are 3 consonants between 2 vowels, divide the syllables and keep digraphs and blends together if possible
  • purchase
  • anthem
  • engrave
  • electric
  • orphanage
  • chemistry
  • comprehend

12

slide75

With a partner pronounce the verb form of each of these words. What do you notice?

approximate

articulate associate deliberate duplicate

laminate graduate intimate moderate predicate

slide76

Verbs ending in the letters "ate"pronounce the letter "a" of the last syllable with the "long a" sound (the name of the letter "a", the sound of the words steak and make).

practice
suspect

suspense

suspension

accept

acceptable

opportunity

encouraged

polish

melodramatic

crocodile

13

Practice

Try

These

slide78

How did you do?

ed

op por tu ni ty

c r o o o

en cour ag

c d c s (suffix)

Pol ish or Po lish

c c o c

mel o dra ma tic

c o o o c

croc o dile

c o v-e

for which child discuss how you would use teaching syllable division to your level students
For which child. . . ?Discuss how you would use teaching syllable division to your level students.
  • Elementary
  • Middle School
  • High School
how would you divide these
How Would You Divide These?

vy got sky

o c o

fout blin

d c

sat is trix

c c c

squil am

c c

rish gliz im

c c c

vygotsky

foutblin

satistrix

squilam

rishglizim

Did you do it differently?

suffixes
Suffixes
  • Depends on syllable type of word & number of syllables in the word
  • Depends on the ending being added
    • Suffix begins with avowel
    • Suffix begins with an“i”
    • Suffix begins with aconsonant
sample vowel suffixes
-ed

-en

-able

-er

-ent

-ar

-ation

-ous

-or

-itis

-ive

-ing

-ist

-ical

-ible

-ibility

Sample Vowel Suffixes
consonant suffixes
-lytra gic ly

-mentin cre ment

-shippen man ship

-lessclue less

-ness hap pi ness

-ful cup ful

-tion tran si tion

-sion ses sion

-cian mu si cian

Consonant suffixes
vowel suffixes beginning with i
Vowel suffixes beginning with “i”
  • -itis
  • -ive
  • -ing
  • -ist
  • -ical
  • -ible
  • -ibility
the schwa sound
The Schwa Sound
          • Sound is often determined by placement of the accent within a word.
  • Any vowel can become a schwa sound in an unaccented syllable

Incredible compliment beckon Alaska

determining accent
Determining Accent
  • Easier once students recognize the root in polysyllabic words
  • Accent is most likely to be on the word root
patterns of accent
Patterns of Accent
  • Primary Accent:
    • Stress (syllable pronounced the loudest) is on one syllable
  • Secondary or tertiary Accent:
    • Weaker stress on another syllable
accent generalizations
Accent Generalizations
  • Accented syllables are pronounced according to their syllable type.

A las ka c

  • Unaccented syllables are pronounced as a schwa sound.

A las ka

accent generalizations89
Accent Generalizations
  • Accent the first syllable in two or three syllable words and pronounce according to syllable type
    • If word does not sound like a word you know, move the accent
  • Accent the second syllable vowel and pronounce according to syllable type
accent two syllable words continued
Accent – Two syllable wordscontinued . . .
  • When a word can be either a noun or a verb . . .
    • The prefix is accented if it is a noun . . .
        • com ́ bine
    • The root is accented if it is a verb . . .
        • com biné
accent in three syllable words
Accent in Three Syllable Words
  • The first syllable is usually accented while the vowel in the second syllable is a schwa.
    • miń is ter
  • When the word consists of a prefix, root and a suffix, the accent is usually on the second syllable.
    • in dent ́ ed
accent in four syllable words
Accent in Four Syllable Words
  • The accent is generally on the second syllable in a four syllable word.
    • in veś ti gate
    • mag net́ ic ly
accents controlled by suffixes
Accents controlled by suffixes
  • Suffixes beginning with “i”
    • -ic
      • Accent on syllable before this suffix
    • -ity
      • Accent on syllable before this suffix
    • -ion( pronounced as /e un/ or /yun/ )
      • Accent on syllable before this suffix
    • -tion, -sion, -cian
      • Accent is on syllable before these suffixes
great job
Great Job!!

Now let’s see what you learned

-le

closed

silent e

open

vi

la

r controlled

vowel team

di

syl

sion

ble

slide95

Thanks for coming

Don’t forget to evaluate workshop for credit