Medicine in the 19 th Century. History Revision notes by Anna Serrichio. Why did Galen lose importance by the 19 th Century?. The creation of scientific equipment allowed doctors and scientists to gain more accurate information on what caused disease
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History Revision notes by Anna Serrichio
Jenner observed that milkmaids got a disease called cowpox, but they never got smallpox.
He did an experiment with an 8-year-old boy…
This dramatically reduced the number of deaths.
She became known as “The Lady with the Lamp” for going around with a lamp at night and making sure the patients were doing ok
disease in the 1860s and 1870s
In 1860 the French Academy of Science organized a competition to approve or disprove of the old theory of what caused disease, ‘spontaneous generation’.
1. He got the organs a sheep that died of anthrax.
2. He injected a mouse with it.
3. He got the bacteria from a mouse and grew it again
4. He repeated this same experiment with 20 generations of mice.
Surgeon pictured in USA 1882, wearing an apron, but without surgical gloves or face mask
He improved methods in three ways:
But eventually Lister’s antiseptic methods (killing germs on the wound) turned into aseptic methods (removing germs from the operating theatre).
Improvements made were:
supplies improved in the
Conditions in British towns became worse than ever:
2. He found that everyone who had suffered from cholera had used that water pump
He also noticed that the workers in the brewery had not suffered from cholera, and they had not drunk water from the water pump they only drank alcohol.
The poor had terrible living conditions, and the streets were very crowded.
The most important measure to take was to provide public drainage and clean supplies of water. Towns had to be cleaned up.
A district medical officer should be appointed for the prevention of disease.
Report on the Sanitary Conditions
of the Labouring Population
Elizabeth Blackwell was the first woman to qualify as a doctor in the US in 1849.