What was it? Who started it? Surrealism Characteristics? Examples?
What Was Surrealism? • A post-WWI art movement that emphasized dreams and the unconscious • A response to the unimaginable horror that man was capable of • These were people who had lived through years of bombings, mustard gas, and high mortality • Highly influenced by Freud • Had their very own manifesto: • A Surrealist Manifesto: The Declaration of January 27, 1925
Who Started It? The Surrealist Manifesto was signed by the “original” Surrealists: Louis Aragon, Antonin Artaud, Jacques Baron, Joë Bousquet, J.-A. Boiffard, André Breton, Jean Carrive, René Crevel, Robert Desnos, Paul Élaurd, Max Ernst Notice that they’re all French? Not a coincidence. France had always been the cutting edge of new cultural movements.
Characteristics of Surrealism • Dream subjects • Absurdity: things you would never see in real life • Recurring themes • Objects/subjects that seem formless but have underlying form or symbolism
Examples Rene Magritte Salvadore Dali Max Ernst Joan Miro Giacometti
Discussion I have already used this technology in the classroom. My cooperating teacher this fall uses PowerPoint for his lecture notes. When I had notes, I followed his format, but I also used PowerPoint for activities. For example, I had an art history lesson in which I used PowerPoint in creating a slide show of art pieces from the Romantic, Realist, Impressionist, and Post-Impressionist movements. I would show a slide with a particular work on it, the students would try and decide what movement it was from, and then I would show a duplicate slide that had the information about that piece. According to my students, it was one of their favorite activities of my unit. I think there is a lot of room to get creative with this software, and that its uses extend beyond lecture notes. The instructional implications for my students would be that they could use it to teach. We have learned that one of the best ways to retain information is to teach it to others. Students could use PowerPoint to create presentations that they could show to the rest of the class. This technology could definitely be used as a way to assess students as well. At the end of a unit, students could answer a unit question. For example, if you are teaching a unit on the Russian Revolution, the primary question for the unit could be, “Was the Russian Revolution inevitable?” Their PowerPoint project at the end of the unit could address this question: students would have to create a multimedia presentation that conveys what they believe and why. The format of a PowerPoint assessment would most likely keep students’ attention longer than a paper addressing the same topic would because it could incorporate visuals, music, and technology as well as text. I believe that keeping the classroom as hands-on as possible will help to encourage learning.