Easter traditions. By Pascu Paul. EASTER.
By Pascu Paul
Easter[nb(Old English Ēostre; Latin: Pascha; GreekΠάσχα Paskha, thelattertwoderivedfromHebrewPesaḥis a Christian festival andholidaycelebratingtheresurrection of JesusChrist on thethirddayafterhiscrucifixion at Calvary as described in the New Testament.Easteristheculmination of thePassion of Christ, precededby Lent, a forty-day period of fasting, prayer, andpenance.The lastweek of Lent iscalledHolyWeek, and it containsthedays of theEasterTriduum, includingMaundyThursday (alsoknown as HolyThursday), commemoratingtheLastSupperanditsprecedingfootwashing,aswell as GoodFriday, commemoratingthecrucifixionanddeath of Jesus. Easterisfollowedby a fifty-day period calledEastertide, or theEasterSeason, endingwithPentecost Sunday.Easteris a moveablefeast, meaning it isnotfixed in relationtothe civil calendar. The First Council of Nicaea (325) establishedthe date of Easter as thefirst Sunday afterthe full moon (thePaschal Full Moon) followingtheMarchequinox. Ecclesiastically, theequinoxisreckonedtobe on 21 March (althoughtheastronomicalequinoxoccurs on 20 March in mostyears), andthe "Full Moon" isnotnecessarily on theastronomicallycorrect date. The date of Easterthereforevariesbetween 22 Marchand 25 April inclusive. EasternChristianitybasesitscalculations on the Julian calendar, whose 21 Marchcorresponds, duringthe 21st century, to 3 April in the Gregorian calendar, and in whichthereforethecelebration of Eastervariesbetween 4 April and 8 May.Easterislinkedtothe Jewish Passoverbymuch of itssymbolism, as well as byitsposition in the calendar. In manylanguages, thewords for "Easter" and "Passover" are identical or very similar. Eastercustomsvaryacrossthe Christian world, and include sunriseservices, exclaimingthePaschalgreeting, clippingthechurchanddecoratingEastereggs, a symbol of theemptytomb. AdditionalcustomsthathavebecomeassociatedwithEasterand are observedbybothChristiansandsome non-Christians include egg hunting, theEasterBunny, andEasterparades.
Easter eggs, also called Paschal eggs, are special eggs that are often given to celebrate Easter or springtime. As such, Easter eggs are common during the season of Eastertide. The oldest tradition is to use dyed and painted chicken eggs, but a modern custom is to substitute chocolate eggs, or plastic eggs filled with confectionery such as jelly beans. Eggs, in general, were a traditional symbol of fertility, and rebirth.InChristianity, for the celebration of Eastertide, Easter eggs symbolize the empty tomb of Jesus: though an egg appears to be like the stone of a tomb, a bird hatches from it with life; similarly, the Easter egg, for Christians, is a reminder that Jesus rose from the grave, and that those who believe will also experience eternal life.
Palm Sunday is a Christian moveable feast that falls on the Sunday before Easter. The feast commemorates Jesus' triumphal entry into Jerusalem, an event mentioned in all four canonical Gospels.
In many Christian churches, Palm Sunday includes a procession of the assembled worshipers carrying palms, representing the palm branches the crowd scattered in front of Jesus as he rode into Jerusalem. The difficulty of procuring palms in unfavorable climates led to their substitution with branches of native trees, including box, yew, willow, and olive. The Sunday was often designated by the names of these trees, as in Yew Sunday, or by the general term Branch Sunday.
In Romania and Moldova, Palm Sunday is known as DuminicaFloriilor or simply Florii, translating Flowers' Sunday.
On Good Friday, the day aliturgica believers keep fasting and going to church, where the Holy Shroud is removed from the altar and placed on a table in the middle of the church. Removing Holy Shroud believers relive the descent from the Cross of Christ and His Body preparation for burial according to Christian Orthodox.
Lamentations and evening singing around the church three times, the Holy Shroud, they bear faithful and priests help the body symbolizes the Savior. After the procession around the church, the Holy Shroud is placed on the altar table, where it remains until the Ascension. Putting the Altar of the Lord is placing in the grave
Drobis a traditional Romanian cuisine, one of the lamb dishes specific to Easter.
The main ingredients are lamb offal (liver, lungs, heart and kidneys), vegetables (green onions, dill, parsley, garlic, lovage), eggs (raw and cooked), bread soaked in water or milk. Cooked and chopped entrails mixed with other ingredients and seasonings (salt, pepper). Lamb caul is placed in a tray over which the meat mixture. Haggis is one of the most popular traditional dishes, with a number of variations of the recipe. One of them is to use a sheet of dough in place praporelui. In most variants boiled egg sits in the center of the
Cozonac cake is a traditional Romanian and Bulgarian is traditionally cooked Easter and Christmas. A similar is Panettone cake that is cooked Christmas in Italy in the Lombardy region. The difference vizibUmplutura may contain nuts, peanuts, poppy, raisins, Turkish delight, fruit sugar (dried), curd (so-called feed usually prepared Easter), cocoa, marmalade, or combinations of these ingredients: walnuts and poppy, nuts and cocoa, nuts and shit, nuts, raisins and shit, sweet cheese and raisins, the shape of round and high.
The Thursday Before the Easter is Called " the Great Friday ", " the Thursday of sufferings " or "The Black Thursday " .
Girls and women must finish sewing the new blouses for the Easter until this day . Otherwise They Will be punished by Joimarita , a mythical woman who beats or burns Them . She is Believed to take the laziest girls at her home and eat Them . Another (not so cruel ) version goes Joimarita That spells Those girls , so That They Would not be Able to work all the year .
According to the Romanian tradition , skies , graves , open doors of heaven and hell this day . The dead return to pass the Easter near the loved ones. They Will Remain at Their old houses until the Saturday Before the Pentecost has doled When pies and bowls for Their souls . It Is Believed That the spirits sit on the roofs or in the yards . As it is still Quite cold , fires must be lighted in the morning and in the evening , so That the dead Could have light and heat . The fires have lighted for every soul or is it only lighten the wires for all the dead souls . The brushwood of can only be gathered by children , girls and old women pure , the day the before and only by hand ( They must not be cut) . On the way home They must not be let down and Will Be Placed on the fence or on Another object until morning , When the fire Will be lighted .
Also chairs with blankets is put near the fire , as it is Believed That Some souls Will Will sit on chairs and sit on the ground other . Girls and women carry water buckets to the graves or to the wire for the dead That Will sit there .
Most of the women paint the eggs on the Great Thursday . In Walachia the eggs has painted on Wednesday and Taken to the church on Thursday . They are there until the let Easter , as it is Believed That They won't alter . In other regions , twelve red painted eggs is Taken to the church until the Easter and THEN They are buried at the village boundaries , so the hail That wouldn't come upon it .
Laundry of can not be done this day , so That the dead won't receive the dirty water , but the things That had been doled out in Their memory
The Good People’s Easter is celebrated a week after the Easter, on Monday, right after Thomas’ Sunday. In the Romanian tradition, the Good People are the ancient spirits, which live between the two worlds, where Saturday’s water spills into the Earth. The Good People are religious people and fast each time they should, according to the traditions. However they are not aware of the day when Easter is celebrated until they see remains of the painted eggs on the water, about eight days later.
According to the legend, the Good People have a small stature, do not wear any kind of clothes and are covered by hair. The boys are taken care of by the mothers until they are able to live by themselves. After that, they live in isolation, fasting and praying along the other men. They meet with the women only one time each year, on Good People’s Easter.
In gratitude for the dead, packages containing red painted eggs and pies are placed on the graves and candles are lighted.