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Bell Ringer. – Room # 38178 Question: 1. WHEN, roughly, is Realism/Impressionism? I will pass out your notes from yesterday as soon as the bell rings – the answer to this question is on those notes. Realism & Impressionism. Art Movements. Realism. Realism.

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bell ringer
Bell Ringer
  • – Room # 38178
  • Question:
    • 1. WHEN, roughly, is Realism/Impressionism?

I will pass out your notes from yesterday as soon as the bell rings – the answer to this question is on those notes.

  • Realism: the general attempt to depict subjects as they are considered to exist, without embellishment or interpretation and “in accordance to secular rules.”
  • Characteristics:
    • Realistic, accurate appearance of the world – almost as clear as a photograph
    • Spontaneous
    • Ordinary people doing ordinarythings (usually LABOROUS things)
    • Harmonious colors
    • Faithfulness to observed lighting and atmospheric effects
  • Ran through the 1840s, 1850s, and 1860s
  • Central Figure: Gustave Courbet (1819-1877)
  • Courbet was influenced by the innovations of Corot in terms of the play of light on shadows and peripheral vision
  • His aim was to make an objective and unprejudiced record of the customs, ideas, and appearances of contemporary French society
courbet s the stone breakers
Courbet’s “The Stone Breakers”
  • Courbet painted 2 men as he had seen them working beside the road.
courbet s the stone breakers1
Courbet’s “The Stone Breakers”
  • The work is LIFE SIZE – 5ft x 8ft
  • Can tell the work is laborous
courbet s a burial at ornans
Courbet’s “A Burial at Ornans”
  • Painted as he saw it – no one posed or arranged
  • Obscure, unknown people
jean francois millet
Jean-Francois Millet
  • Millet (1814-1875)
  • Belonged to the Barbizon School, which focused upon a realistic-Romantic vision of landscape
  • Typically used peasants as his subject matter
jean francois millet1
Jean-Francois Millet
  • He exalted the honest, simple life and work on the land
  • Determined to show the harsh reality of life
  • His worked was viewed as “anti-industrial”
millet s woman baking bread
Millet’s “Woman baking bread”
  • The peasant emerges as an heroic figure
  • The peasant women has added height and dominance thanks to the painters point of view
  • Ordinary woman doing an ordinary thing
other millet works
Other Millet Works
  • The Gleaners

The Sowers

honore daumier
Honore Daumier
  • Daumier (1808-1879)
  • Depicted urban scenes
daumier s the third class carriage
Daumier’s “The Third Class Carriage”
  • Shows the interior of a large, horse-drawn bus in Paris
daumier s the third class carriage1
Daumier’s “The Third Class Carriage”
  • The viewer is in the seat opposite a grandmother, her daughter, and two grandchildren
daumier s the third class carriage2
Daumier’s “The Third Class Carriage”
  • They form a strong compositional triangle that contrasts with the people behind them, but they’re still not posed
edouard manet
  • Manet (1832-1883)
  • Strove to paint “only what the eye can see”
  • His works go beyond a mere reflection of reality to a larger artistic reality
    • One which suggests that a painting has an internal logic different from the logic of familiar reality
  • Manet liberated the painter’s art from competition with the camera
manet s luncheon on the grass
Manet’s “Luncheon on the Grass”
  • Realism, but leading to Impressionism
manet s luncheon on the grass1
Manet’s “Luncheon on the Grass”
  • Manet sought to “speak in a new voice”
manet s luncheon on the grass2
Manet’s “Luncheon on the Grass”
  • Shocked the public (female nude while men dressed) – dream like
manet s luncheon on the grass3
Manet’s “Luncheon on the Grass”
  • Ordinary people – Manet’s model, his brother, and the sculptor Leenhof
manet s luncheon on the grass4
Manet’s “Luncheon on the Grass”
  • Took reality and put it in a mythical setting – with mythical touches (nudity)
  • Impressionism: a new way of seeing reality through color and motion, style based on an understanding of the interrelated mechanisms of the camera (new technology) and the eye
  • These painters tried to outdo photography
  • Impressionists emphasized the presence of color within shadows
    • Vision consists of the result of light and color making an “impression” on the retina
  • Characteristics:
    • Pleasant, comfortable scenes
    • Painted outdoors
    • Still ordinary people doing ordinary things, but PLEASANT things
    • Brushstrokes equalized across the canvas
    • Forms and objects best appear when the viewer is at a certain distance
  • The style lasted about 15 years in its purest form
  • Profoundly influenced all painting that followed
  • Working outside, the impressionists concentrated on the effects of natural light on objects and atmosphere
  • Their experiments resulted in a profoundly different vision of the world around them
  • For them, the painted canvas was a material covered with pigments (small color patches) which together, create lively, vibrant images
  • The subjects painted are impressions of landscapes, rivers, streets, cafes, theatres, and so on
  • Claude Monet brought impressionism to its birth
claude monet
Claude Monet
  • Not to be confused with Manet
  • Monet (1840-1926)
  • Monet tried to find an art in modern life by recording everyday themes with on-the-spot, objective observations
  • Had two aims: (1) representation of contemporary subject matter and (2) optical truth (the way colors and textures really appear to the eye)
claude monet1
Claude Monet
  • Monet’s paintings reflect an innocent joy in the world around him and intensely positive view of life
  • He sought to bring realism to his peak (still ordinary people doing ordinary things, just in a different direction)
  • His work encompasses scientific observation, the study of optics, and other aspects of human perception
monet s on the seine at bennecourt
Monet’s “On the Seine at Bennecourt”
  • Conveys a pleasant picture of the times, an optimistic view rather than the often pessimistic outlook of the realists
monet s on the seine at bennecourt1
Monet’s “On the Seine at Bennecourt”
  • Lack of atmospheric or linear perspective brings the entire painting to the foreground – no deep space
monet s on the seine at bennecourt2
Monet’s “On the Seine at Bennecourt”
  • The scene is bright, alive, and pleasant – we’re comfortable
monet s series
Monet’s “Series”
  • Monet painted several “series” (groups of paintings that work together or have a common theme)
  • Initially did them as a way of studying light and shadow
  • Most famous: the Water Lilies
monet s water lillies
Monet’s “Water Lillies”
  • A series of approximately 250 paintings
  • The paintings depict Monet’s flower garden and were the main focus of his artist production the last 30 years of his life
  • (Many were painted while he suffered from cataracts)
mary cassatt
Mary Cassatt
  • Cassatt (1845-1926)
  • Came to Paris from Philadelphia
  • It was her wealth in the US that helped the impressionists gain exposure and acceptance in this country
cassatt s the child s bath
Cassatt’s “The Child’s Bath”
  • Depicts her favorite subjects – women and children
  • Cassatt’s brushwork is far less obvious than that in other impressionist works
    • Helped conventional viewers understand the work and relate closer to the scene
  • Painted in clear, bright colors
cassatt s the child s bath1
Cassatt’s “The Child’s Bath”
  • The subjects do NOT make eye contact with the viewer
  • The forms are purposeful, and they awaken interest, rather than emotion
  • Less brushstrokes and clearly not painting outdoors – but still a very pleasant comfortable scene
    • Realism is laborious!
create your own

Create your Own...

Impressionist art classes

my impressionist painting
My Impressionist Painting
  • There are places that teach you to paint quickly – it won’t be the most gorgeous thing from up close, but looks great far away
  • “Uptown Art” is a very popular place in Louisville – off of Bardstown Road. Pinot’s Pallete is in St. Matthews and does the same thing.
  • Can be expensive ($40 for a 2-hour class) but includes all materials – canvas, paint, etc.
my impressionist painting4
My Impressionist Painting
  • This one is my MOMS! (the least artistic person on Earth!)