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  1. THIS IS ENGLISH 1开放英语1 英语辅导教师 戴夏蓉 电话:82665051 萧山学院

  2. 开放英语系列教材由中央电大和英国开放大学合作,为我国英语学习者编写的一套适合自学的多种媒体英语教材。开放英语系列教材共6册。每册教材由主、副文字教材,录音、录象和计算机多种媒体构成。开放英语1`为该教材的第一册,主要供已经具有初级英语水平的成人自学者使用。教材的起点是600个单词。本着以学生为中心的原则,充分考虑成人学习的特点,对内容进行全面设计,尽心的选取,合理的编排,力求从低起点开始,通过大量的口、笔头练习和反复实践,引导学习这一步一个脚印地迈向学习目标。开放英语系列教材由中央电大和英国开放大学合作,为我国英语学习者编写的一套适合自学的多种媒体英语教材。开放英语系列教材共6册。每册教材由主、副文字教材,录音、录象和计算机多种媒体构成。开放英语1`为该教材的第一册,主要供已经具有初级英语水平的成人自学者使用。教材的起点是600个单词。本着以学生为中心的原则,充分考虑成人学习的特点,对内容进行全面设计,尽心的选取,合理的编排,力求从低起点开始,通过大量的口、笔头练习和反复实践,引导学习这一步一个脚印地迈向学习目标。

  3. 主要学习网站: 中央电大:www.openedu.com.cn 浙江电大:www.zjtvu.edu.cn 萧山学院:www.xsrtvu.com 电子信箱: 联系电话:82665051

  4. 教学媒体介绍: 一:教材:中央电大出版社 刘黛琳主编 《开放英语1》。 二:学习指导:《开放英语练习册1》。 三:录象及光盘,网上资源 教学设计:1,用1-2小时介绍教科书框架,学习媒体,面授计划做以指导。 2,英语辅导采用导学系统辅导型。 3,将本书内容串讲,对相似语法对照学习。 4,最后用6小时对练习册和作业进行指导。 5,将本人的电话、邮箱等联系方式告知学员,进行电话答疑和网上辅导。 6,引导学员上网学习,提供权威网站,帮助学员搜集网上资源,并对多数学员疑惑问题给予解答。

  5. Unit One • Learn how to give information about yourself • Learn how to ask someone about themselves • Learn how to talk about leisure activities • Learn how to give information about travel arrangement

  6. Self-introduction • I’m … • My name is /My name ‘s… • I work for … • I live in …

  7. Asking someone some information • The name • The job • The birth place • The family • The nationality

  8. Language points • Work +prep. :work with /work for /work at /work in P3 • Different jobs: a worker/a clerk /a doctor /a solider P3 • Different sports: bungee jumping /dancing P3

  9. Expressing likeness • I like swimming /dancing • I don’t like doing sth • I like to do sth

  10. Grammar focus (1) • 名词的单复数:规则和不规则变化 • 规则变化:1)加 - s ,如jobs 2)加 -es , 如buses 3)辅音字母加y 结尾去y变i 加es 如 sky ---- skies 4) 元音字母加y 直接加s boys 5)去 f/fe 变 v 加 es 如wolves 不规则变化要记忆. man---- men woman ----- women child ---- children

  11. Grammar focus (2) • a / an 不定冠词 • the 定冠词 1)定冠词的用法:特指,说话双方都明白的事情,世界上独一无二的的事物,乐器前, 2)不定冠词的用法:泛指,一个,可以指一类事物

  12. 定冠词指独一无二的事物或已被提到的人或物.定冠词指独一无二的事物或已被提到的人或物. 定冠词可以与可数名词单数,可数名词复数,及不可数名 词搭配. eg: I am an accountant. I am the Chief Accountant for ABHK Bank. She is a receptionist. She is the receptionist.

  13. Grammar focus (3) 一. 动词to be 1. to be 一般现在时形式 am, is, are 主语为第一人称单数用am I am 主语为第三人称单数用is he / she/ it is 主语为第一人称复数, 第二人称及第三人称复数用 you / they are 2. to be 的否定式和疑问式 否定式为在be后面+not 疑问式为把be提到句首 例如: Mary is not (isn’t) in the classroom. Are the Greens on holiday? Yes, they are. Where is Peter from? He’s from Britain.

  14. 肯定句: I am a student. He is a teacher. They are friends. 否定句: I am not a student. He is not (isn’t) a student. They are not (aren’t) friends. 一般疑问句: Am I a student? (Are you a student?) Yes, I am. No, I’m not. Is he a student? Yes, he is. No, he isn’t. Are they friends? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.

  15. 特殊疑问词: 特殊疑问句: what 什么 which 哪个 where 哪里 who 谁 when / what time 时间 why 为什么 how 怎么样 how many多少(可数) how much多少(不可数)、问价格 how old年龄 how long多长时间 how soon多久 how often多少频率 How old are you? What is your name? …..

  16. 二. 行为动词 行为动词的一般现在时形式 1 主语为第三人称单数,要在动词原形后加-s或-es. eg: He works in a big company. Susan finishes her work at six every day. 1.1 一般动词,在词尾加-s. eg: sing----sings; live----lives; play----plays 1.2 在以-ch, -sh, -s, -x, -z 等结尾的词尾加-es. eg: wash----washes; lose----loses; teach--teaches 1.3以辅音字母加y结尾的词, 把y变成i, 再加-es eg: fly----flies; study----studies 1.4以辅音字母加o结尾的词, 一般是在词尾加-es, eg: go—goes; do—does 2. 主语为其它情况的, 动词用原形. eg: I study at a Radio and TV University.

  17. 肯定句: I stand up. He stands up. They stand up. 否定句: I do not (don’t) stand up. He does not (doesn’t) stand up. They do not (don’t) stand up. 一般疑问句: Do I (you) stand up? Yes, I do. No, I don’t. Does he stand up? Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t. Do they stand up? Yes, they do. No, they don’t. 特殊疑问句: What do you do? Where does he sit?

  18. Grammar focus (4)

  19. I(1)考试句型转变题目(必看) 1. 改为一般疑问句 如果句子中有be 动词,只要直接将be动词放在句首; 如果句子中没有be 动词只有实义动词,就要在句首添加do 或does了; 如果句子中有情态动词,只要将情态动词放句首,但是need比较特殊, need可以参考一下书本。 2. 改为否定句 如果句子中有be 动词,只要直接将not放在be动词后面; 如果句子中没有be 动词只有实义动词,就要在动词前添加don’t . / doesn’t, 但是单三式要还原; 如果句子中有情态动词,只要直接将not放在情态动词后面, 但是need比较特殊,need可以参考一下书本。 3. 对划线部分提问 想一下划线部分应该使用什么特殊疑问词,特殊疑问词有 what / how / when / what time / which / why / where / how old / how many / how much 特殊疑问句的构成是特殊疑问词+一般疑问句,但是划线部分的 单词千万不要写进去了

  20. 例句:(2011年1月试卷) 1. She likes swimming. (改为一般疑问句〉 Does she like swimming? 2. I have to work every evening. (改为否定句) I don't have to work every evening. 3. We often eat fish at lunchtime. (改为否定句〉 We don't often eat fish at lunchtime. 4. They are going to do the shopping on Saturday morning. (用when对划线部分提问) When are they going to do the shopping? 5. We need to buy two cartons of cream for four people. (用how much 对划线部分提问) How much cream do we (you) need to buy for four people?

  21. Uint two • Learn to say more about yourself • Learn to make offers and requests • Learn to check into a hotel • The expression of time

  22. The expressions of the greeting • Hi / Hello --------Hi /Hello • How do you do?-----How do you do ? • How are you ?-------Fine,thank you not very well,and you ?

  23. 行为动词的否定式和疑问式 1.1 行为动词的否定式由do not (don’t)/ does not (doesn’t) +动词原形构成. 当主语为第三人称单数时, 用does not. eg: I do not (don’t) like swimming. Mary does not (doesn’t) study French. 1.2 行为动词作谓语的一般疑问句需在句首加do/does,行为动词用原形. eg:Do you have a canteen? Yes, we do. Does she finish early on Friday? No, she doesn’t. 1.3 行为动词作谓语的特殊疑问句要将疑问词置于句首. eg: Where do you have lunch? What time does Tim start his work? Activity4, P16, Textbook; Activity12, P21, Textbook.

  24. 頻度副词(Adverbs of frequency) 谓语动作发生的频率 1 常见的頻度副词有always(总是), usually(通常), often(经常), sometimes(有时), rarely(很少), never(从不) 2 .頻度副词在句子中的位置. be动词之后 / 助动词之后,行为动词之前. I’m usually ill on planes. He sometimes goes to London.

  25. 动词 have to have 的三个主要含义: 1. to possess (characteristics) 具有(特点) eg: Mary has blue eyes and blonde hair. Mary doesn’t have blue eyes and blonde hair. 2. to possess (things) 拥有(东西) eg:I’ve (got ) a CD player. She hasn’t (got) a car. I don’t have (got) a CD player. / I haven’t (got) a CD player. 3. to eat or to drink 吃, 喝 eg: He haslunch in the canteen. / He doesn’t have lunch in the canteen. Would you like to have a coffee?

  26. The usage of the prep. above On below In near beside Under

  27. The expressions of time 12 小时表达法: 1)半小时以前:9:25 –直接说出数字或者用past 2)半小时以后:9:55- 可以直接说出或者用to 3)一刻钟及其倍数:a quarter /three quarters 4) 半小时整,eg.half past ten 5) In the morning ---am 6) In the afternoon---pm

  28. The expression of prep. of time • In 用于月份及其年份前:in June ,in 1996 • On 用于具体的一天on May 1st • At 用于时刻前:at 5 o’clock • For 用于一段时间:for 2 hours • From…to 表示从某点到另一点的持续时间: from 8 in the morning to 6 in the afternoon

  29. 重要句型: 1. Could you + do sth. 常用于表达请求 Could you spell it, please? Yes, of course. Could you tell me your car number, please? No, sorry. Could you call me at 7 o’clock, please? Certainly. Could you sign the register, please? Of course. 2. Would you like sth? / Would you like to do sth? 常用来表达提议 Would you like to Have a coffee? Yes, please. Would you like a newspaper? No, thank you. I have one at the office. 3.What would you like to drink? I’d like a glass of wine. What would you like, Polly? I’d like some crisps.

  30. Unit three • Making introduction • Making offer • Describe building and offers

  31. Introduction • This is … • 介绍别人时候需要注意的事项: 把男士介绍给女士 地位低的介绍给地位高的 年轻的介绍给年长的

  32. Making offers • Would you like sth ? • Would you like to do sth? ------Yes ,please ./ No, thank you. ------I’d like … ------I’ll do sth

  33. Language points • The difference between B.E and A.E B.E A.E 一楼 the ground the 1st floor 二楼 the 1st floor the 2nd floor 电影 film movie 电梯 elevator lift

  34. Grammar focus • “There be” and “have /has” e.g There is a book on the table We have a big room 前者是表示存在有,后者表示所属有

  35. There be句型:(句型改写参考BE动词句型) 肯定句: There is a man in the office. 否定句: There is not (isn’t) a man in the office. 一般疑问句: Is there a man in the office? Yes, there is. No, there isn’t. 肯定句: There are two plants in the house. 否定句: There are not (aren’t) two plants in the house. 一般疑问句: Are there two plants in the house? Yes, there are. No, there aren’t. 特殊疑问句: How many students are there in the classroom? How much water is there in the cup?

  36. 基数词和序数词 • One ---first / 1st • Two ---second/2nd • Three—third/3rd P.34

  37. 序数词 多数序数词由基数词加-th构成 eg: six ~ sixth, eighteen~eighteenth fifty-seven ~ fifty-seventh, hundred ~ hundredth 以下词例外: first, second, third, fifth, eighth, ninth, twelfth twentieth, thirtieth, fortieth Activity 12, P36, Textbook

  38. 指示代词 • this /these/that /those等 • 1)可以单独使用也可以与名词相连 2) 此代词表达对比:This is my coffee 3)用于强调:That is really stupid!

  39. Unit four • Learn how to describe families • Learn to describe work roles

  40. Talking about the work • 介绍工作领域用介词She is in medicine. • 询问别人的工作:What do you do ?/What does Tom do ? • 工作地点:work in / work at • 注意不要问及别人的薪水,在西方属于隐私

  41. Language points • To have / to have got ( P48) • 他们的疑问用法和否定用法不同 • 表示“拥有”时他们的意思是相同的

  42. grammar • 汉语中的“正在”英语中用“现在进行时态” • be +verb 的现在分词 e.g I’m writing . Jane is crying . My mother is sewing . they are reading.

  43. The Present Continuous Tense (现在进行时) • Structure (结构) be + v-ing (助动词加动词的ing形式) 2. Usage (用法) 2.1 表示此刻正在发生的事情或正在进行的动作. 常与now, right now等词搭配. Activity15,P50. Activity17,P52

  44. 2.2 表示这一段时期正在进行的活动, 可能此刻该动作没在进行.常与 currently, at the moment等词搭配. Activity19, P52 • David is an IT manager. He is responsible for the • central computer systems. He is training a Chinese • colleague currently. He is drinking coffee with • Xiaoyan right now.

  45. 现在进行时态各种句型:(参考BE动词改写) I am reading now. I am not reading now. Am I reading now? Yes, I am. No, I’m not. What are you doing now? He is watching TV now. He is not (isn’t) watching TV now. Is he watching TV now? Yes, he is. No, he isn’t. We are having a party now. We are not (aren’t) having a party now. Are we having a party now? Yes, we are. No, we aren’t.

  46. Unit five • Learn how to describe accommodation: Bathroom / toilet / kitchen/ living room /study /garden /garage /dining room /hall /bedroom/ Making suggestions

  47. How to make suggestions (提出建议) 1.What about + -ving 2. How about + -ving 3. Why don’t you + verb eg:What about seeing this flat? Well, I don’t know.(说不准该建议好不好) How about going to an estate agent? That’s a good idea.(赞同建议) Why don’t you go to an estate agent? Why not go to an …?

  48. Asking the prices • How much does it cost? • How much is the flat? • How much are they? 各国的钱币的符号不同:英国£ ,p 美国$ 中国¥

  49. The meaning of the sentences • What does …mean? • …-what does it mean? • It means … • Does …mean…?

  50. Unit seven • Study the language for criticizing • How do we make a call • How to make an appointment