3. Social Conflict Theory and Deviance - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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3. Social Conflict Theory and Deviance

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  1. 3. Social Conflict Theory and Deviance

  2. Social Conflict Theory • Based on Marxism. Says that those with more power create norms and punish deviance of those norms. • Lower classes/minorities are treated unequally • Ex: ½ of homicide victims are black, but most criminals are death row earned that sentence for murdering a white victim

  3. Victim Discounting • Reduces the seriousness of crimes against people of lower statuses • Murder of a child is more serious to us than the murder of a homeless adult

  4. White-collar crime • Job related crimes committed by high-status people • Cost an estimated $100 BILLION per year • BUT, are usually punished with fines or short sentences in minimum security facilities (Martha Stewart)

  5. 4. Crime and Punishment

  6. Crime • Any violation of a law • Statistics are officially recorded by the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) • Tracks 9 types of crime: murder, forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, arson, and hate crimes

  7. Fallacies in the UCR Stats • 2/3 of crime are never reported • Minor crimes are less likely to be reported as compared to major crimes • Drug/alcohol/prostitution crimes are difficult to monitor as they tend to occur in private places • White collar crime is rarely accounted for in these stats

  8. Juvenile Crime • Crime committed by youth • Has dropped significantly • Reasons for the drop: decline in youth crack abuse; decline in juvenile access to guns; stiffer sentences for repeat juvenile offenders; extreme crimes can result in offender being tried as an adult

  9. Criminal Justice System and Crime Control 4 ways to control crime: • Deterrence • Retribution • Incarceration • Rehabilitation

  10. Deterrence • Threat of punishment discourages criminal actions • Most punishments are shown to deter crime • The Death Penalty is NOT shown to act as a deterrent • 73% of whites support the death penalty; 58% minorities support it

  11. Retribution • Punishment where you have to pay compensation for criminal act • Drunk drivers have to speak at school • Speeders pay fines • Community service is assigned for some crimes

  12. Incarceration • Prison sentence • 3 strikes law = increase in prisoners (over 2.1 million)

  13. Rehabilitation • Attempt to socialize criminals and reintroduce them into society • Combine prison and probation • Use community based programs • Diversion strategies (institutions/rehab centers instead of prison) • Recidivism: return to criminal behavior