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AP Art History’s Greatest Hits: Part Two. Late Gothic. Arnolfini and His Bride by Jan Van Eyck 1434 Characteristics: Almost every object portrayed sanctity Symbolism Purpose: Record and sanctify marriage Dog: Fidelity, Shoe: Holy Ground. Baroque in Italy.

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late gothic
Late Gothic
  • Arnolfini and His Bride by Jan Van Eyck
  • 1434
  • Characteristics:
    • Almost every object portrayed sanctity
    • Symbolism
    • Purpose: Record and sanctify marriage
    • Dog: Fidelity, Shoe: Holy Ground
baroque in italy
Baroque in Italy
  • Calling of Saint Matthew by Caravaggio
  • 1597-1601
  • Characteristics
    • Jesus’ arm reminiscent of Michelangelo
    • Piercing ray of light
    • Realist and dramatic
bar o que in spain
Baroque in Spain
  • Las Meninas by Velázquez
  • 1656
  • Characteristics:
    • Painter represented himself
    • Visual and narrative complexity
    • Represented form and shadow
    • Tonal graduations: dark to light
baroque in flanders holland
Baroque in Flanders/Holland
  • The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp by Rembrandt Van Rijn
  • 1632
  • Characteristics:
    • Evenly placed subjects
    • Corpse: Diagonally placed and foreshortened
    • Student poses and expressions show personality
rococo
Rococo
  • The Swing by Frangonard
  • 1766
  • Characteristics:
    • “Intrigue” picture
    • Landscape setting is out of Watteau
    • Glowing pastel colors and soft light
    • Convey the scene’s sensuality
neoclassicism
Neoclassicism
  • Oath of the Horatii by David
  • 1784
  • Characteristics:
    • Conflicts between heart and patriotism
    • Statuesque figures- men: Rigid, Angular
romanticism
Romanticism
  • Raft of the Medusa by Gericault
  • 1818-1819
  • Characteristics:
    • Actual historical event
    • Subdued palette and prominent shadow lend ominous pall to the scene
    • Emotionally charged
    • Comments on slavery Apathy
realism
Realism
  • Le Dejeuner Sur L’Herbe by Manet
  • 1863
  • Characteristics:
    • Figures in soft focus
    • Broadly painted the landscape
    • Black is a prominent color
    • Allusions to many paintings of genres
impressionism
Impressionism
  • Ballet Rehearsal by Degas
  • 1874
  • Characteristics:
    • Figures randomly placed, not centered
    • Degas was interested in reproducing single moments
post impressionism
Post Impressionism
  • Starry Night by Van Gough
  • 1889
  • Characteristics:
    • Communicated the vastness of the universe
    • Uses color to express himself
    • With the turbulent brush strokes, the color suggests a quiet but persuasive depiction
symbolism
Symbolism
  • The Cry (Scream) by Munch
  • 1893
  • Characteristics:
    • Grounded in the real world
    • Departs significantly from a visual reality
art nouveau
Art Nouveau
  • Casa Milá by Gaudi
  • 1907
  • Characteristics:
    • Free-form mass
    • Organic lines not geometric
fauvism
Fauvism
  • Red Room by Matisse
  • 1908-1909
  • Characteristics:
    • Color = Warmth
    • Colors contrast richly and intensely
    • Depicts objects in simplified and schematized fashion and flattening out form
german expressio nism
German Expressionism
  • Fate of the Animals by Marc
  • 1913
  • Characteristics:
  • Entire scene is distorted- Shattered into fragments
  • Colors of severity and brutality of war’s anguish and tragedy
slide16
Dada
  • Unique Forms of Continuity in Space by Boccioni
  • 1913
  • Characteristics:
    • Formal and spatial effects on motion
    • Figure is expanded, interruption, and broken in plane and contour
precisionism or regionalism
Precisionism or Regionalism
  • My Egypt by Charles Demuth
  • 1927
  • Characteristics:
    • Grain elevators which he reduced to simple geometric forms
    • Fragmented
futurism
Futurism
  • Cut With the Kitchen Knife Dada Through the Last Weimer by Hoch
  • 1919-1920
  • Characteristics:
    • Juxtaposed the head of German military leaders with exotic dancers
    • Aware of the power that women and Dada had on society
cubism
Cubism
  • Still Life With Chair- Canning by Picasso
  • 1912
  • Characteristics:
    • Chair seems real
    • Painted and abstract areas don’t refer to tangible objects of the real world
fantasy and surrealism
Fantasy and Surrealism
  • The Persistence of Memory by Dali
  • 1931
  • Characteristics:
    • Allegory of empty space: Where time has ended
    • Attempt to make it convincingly real
american realism
American Realism
  • Haymarket by John Sloan
  • 1907
  • Characteristics:
    • Ashcan school painters injected realism into American art by taking ordinary people as their subjects.
abstract expressionism
Abstract Expressionism
  • No. 1 by Pollack
  • 1950
  • Characteristics:
    • Abandoned the paintbrush altogether sloshing, pouring, and dripping abandoned easel
color field
Color Field
  • Blue, Orange, and Red by Rothko
  • 1961
  • Characteristics:
    • Interested in the relation between one color and another
    • No evidence of brushstrokes
op art
OP Art
  • Three Flags by Jasper Johns
  • 1958
  • Characteristics:
    • One of the first to rebel against abstract Expressionism by returning recognizable imagery to art
pop art
Pop Art
  • 100 Cans of Campbell Soup by Andy Warhol
  • 1962
  • Characteristics:
    • Brought art to the masses by making art into everyday life
photo realism
Photo Realism
  • Fanny Finger Painting by Close
  • 1985
  • Characteristics:
    • One moment it’s a spitting image of a person, the next it’s an animated pattern of spots
neo expressionism
Neo Expressionism
  • To The Unknown Painter by Keifer
  • 1983
  • Characteristics:
    • Thick, dark paint to represent earth
    • Evokes the horror of the holocaust
post modernism

The Dinner Part by Judy Chicago

  • 1979
  • Characteristics:
    • A feminist Last Supper
    • Intended to interest worship of the female
    • Triangle symbolizes both ‘woman’ and goddess
    • Invited: Georgia O’Keefe, Virginia Wolfe, Sacagawea, Susan B. Anthony
Post Modernism