Values-Based Leadership. Organizational Lifecycle and Values– They change over time. The Cohort Effect.
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Greenleaf (1977) proposed that servant leaders are leaders who put other people’s needs, aspirations and interests above their own. The servant leader’s deliberate choice is to serve others. This idea is similar to Burns (1978) transformational leadership, and to Path-Goal theory in which the leader enables employees.
Servant Leadership is characterized in organizations by openness and fairness, camaraderie/friendliness, opportunities, pride in work and company, pay/benefits, and security.
Robert K. Greenleaf
Levering and Moskowitz (2000) contend that servant leadership has been practiced and advocated in some of the best companies to work for in America, on the basis of the Fortune survey. The latest Fortune 2001 annual survey the top employers ranked Southwest Airlines, TDIndustries, and Synovus Financial numbers four, six, and eight respectively
Survey of Corporate Values
In 2004 a survey of senior executives of 365 global corporations in 30 countries was conducted.
They were asked about how companies defined corporate values, how values were related to corporate performance, and best practices for managing values
All companies have high sounding missions– there is almost no relation between words and actions