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Structure Organization Process How Decisions are made Policy Substance of policy. US National Institutions. US Constitution. EXECUTIVE. Legislative. Judicial. Institutional Powers. Article One: Congressional Powers Declare War Raise and support armed forces Regulate armed forces

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Structure

    • Organization
  • Process
    • How Decisions are made
  • Policy
    • Substance of policy
us national institutions
US National Institutions

US Constitution

EXECUTIVE

Legislative

Judicial

institutional powers
Institutional Powers

Article One:

Congressional Powers

Declare War

Raise and support armed forces

Regulate armed forces

Senate: approve executive branch officials

Senate: advise and consent on treaties

Tax and Spend money

Article Two:

Executive Powers

Make treaties

Appoint officials and ambassadors

Commander-in-chief of armed forces

the struggle for power
The Struggle for Power
  • Modern deference to President
  • Public Opinion: Foreign policy is a presidential power
    • When presidents ignore congress on foreign policy matters: public supports president
  • Congressional Power: $$$$$$$
career vs appointee
Career vs. Appointee

Transition 2008-2009

wObamaCareer

what is us foreign policy
What is US Foreign Policy?

White House

National Security Council

Presidential Directives (from Federation of American Scientists)

US National Security Structure

state department
State Department

State Dept home page

Organization

Embassies

Careers

Nations (includes

background notes)

dod structure
DoD Structure

DoD Organization

The Department of Defense

The Office of the Secretary of Defense

Joint Chiefs of Staff

JCS Structure

United States Army

United States Navy

Navy Structure

United States Marine Corps

United States Air Force

Unified Command Plan

Defense Intelligence Agency

National Security Agency (NSA)

Defense Science Board publications

intelligence community
Intelligence Community

Office of the Director of National Intelligence

ODNI Structure

DNI National Intelligence Strategy (2005)

National Intelligence Council

National Reconnaissance Office (NRO)

President’s Intelligence Advisory Board (PIAB).

Central Intelligence Agency

World Factbook

CIA list of World Leadersand Cabinet Members of Foreign Governments

CIA-sponsored page of links on intelligence issues

Freedom of Information Act details for CIA documents

congressional oversight
Congressional Oversight

House Armed Services Committee

House Committee on Foreign Afairs

House Select Committee on Homeland Security

House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence

Senate Committee on Armed Services

Senate Committee on Foreign Relations

Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Government Affairs

Senate Select Committee on Intelligence

Congressional Budget Office (CBO)

Government Accountability Office (GAO)

CRS Reports through the Federation of American Scientists

national security council
National Security Council

Members

President

Vice President

Secretary of State

Secretary of Defense

Secretary of Energy (2007)

Any others the President wishes to add

Advisors

Chair JCS

DNI

current nsc committee structure 2009
Current NSC Committee Structure (2009)

NSC

NSC Principals Committee

NSC Deputies Committee

NSC

Interagency

Policy Comm.

NSC

Interagency

Policy Comm.

NSC

Interagency

Policy Comm

NSC

Interagency

Policy Comm

obama modifications 2009
2001-2009

NSC HSC

NSC HSC

Committees Committees

NSC HSC

Staff Staff

2009

NSC HSC

NSC HSC

Comm. Comm.

National Security

Staff

Obama Modifications2009
evolution of the nsc intended design but sometimes
Evolution of the NSCIntended Design But sometimes…

CJCS

DNI

National Security Staff

NSC Committees

organizational process model
Organizational Process Model

State

Defense

Treasury

Commerce

Homeland

Security

advice to the president
Advice to the President

Solution to foreign crisis?

State: Negotiate

Treasury: Sanctions

Commerce: Trade

DNI: Need better intelligence

CIA: Covert Operations

Defense: Use force

Army: Ground troops

Navy: Carrier air power

Marines: Amphibious landing

Air Force: Bombing

presidential management model
Presidential Management Model

What Structures, if any, are used in decision making?

Who is actually making the decision?

Who does the president trust the most?