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Status of Municipal Solid Waste Management-India City Managers’ Association, Karnataka, 21st Floor, Public Utility Building, MG Road, Bangalore – 01 Ph: 25590333 Fax: 25590332
Implementation Status of Schedule-II Source: CPCB Data
Implementation Status of Schedule-II contd: Source: CPCB Data
Treatment & Disposal Facility in India- Status of Implementation of Schedule IV Source: CPCB Data
Clean up ! Mumbai Street sweeping • City 4,000-5,000 sq. mtr/pair • Suburbs 8,000-10,000 sq. mtr/pair Collection of waste • House to house collection 25% • Collection at community bins 75% • About 1,050 MT of recyclables are segregated and sold by about 20,000 rag pickers Treatment of MSW • Treatment at small scale plants (less than 20 MT per day) is done through involvement of NGOs. Composting and vermi-composting are the primary means of treatment. • Total treatment capacity is in the range of 100-150 MT. • 100% Landfill site management under PPP framework Dry waste sorting centers: • Creation of covered areas at the ward level are planned for segregation and recovery of recyclables. • These centers to be managed by NGOs who are expected to organize rag pickers, and interface with recycling industries.
Initiatives from corporation • Enforcement squads formed in each ward for taking daily actions against unauthorized hawking; • implementation through “Clean-up Marshals” by private security agencies • Secondary storage bins of capacity 1.1m3 • CBO’s are allowed to collect user charge from beneficiaries (Rs 10 per household per month) • Rs. 2500/- per 1000 population is paid by MCGM to CBOs per month (10% adl for hilly area). • Rs. 370/- per 1000 population is paid to CBOs per month for implements. • Refuse transfer station to be operated on “Build, own & Operate” basis for a period of 10 years. The capacity of the transfer station is 750 MT/day, which can be enhanced to 900 MT/day.
AHMEDBAD Street Sweeping • Equipments : • Short & Long Handle Brooms • Specially designed Hand Cart with Six detachable small bins. • Metal Tray & Metal Plate Door to Door collection: • 80 % Achieved with massive awareness campaign • 2000/- per month for door to door waste collection daily from 200 houses • 947 resident welfare associations involved Transportation • No manual loading of waste. • 158 Vehicles and machineries deployed for transportation. • Refuse compactor machine of 12/18 CMT capacity for vegetable waste. Processing of waste • 500 MT for Composting (M/s Excel Industries Ltd) • 500 MT for RDF (Djai Power Ltd.) • RDF based waste to energy project for 800 MT/ Day,( 7.5 mw Electricity generation)- Selco International Hyderabad
Delhi • Expenditure on collection & Transportation- 80% • Expenditure on treatment & disposal- 10-15 % • Cost of collection and disposal Rs.1800/MT(Approx.) • SAFAI CAMPAIGN • Newspaper • Electronic media • Cinema halls • Radio • Awareness in Schools • Distribution of best practice manuals • Workshops with Safai Karamcharies and Supervisory staff once in a month in each zone Kolkata • 65 % collection efficiency from Corporation. • Portable Compactor is a depot to receive waste from hand cart / push cart. It compacts and transfers the waste to landfill or compost plant. • Capacity: 10 – 20 m3 • Compost plant of 700 TPD (3 conveyers of size 65 mm, 40mm & 16, 12 mm)
Chennai • 90 % collection efficiency from Corporation. • Rs. 500/ month for 10000 rag pickers • Parivarthanam –wonder bin ( house hold composting) • Privatized collection & transportation in 3 waste zones through global tender. ( Onyx is successful bidder). • Vehicle tracking system using GIS/GPS system. • Workshop with all facilities provided. • Mobile bins for every sweepers ( 120 to 140 lts capacity) • Capacities ranging from 8 – 15 m3 for collection, 28 – 30 m3 containers used for transportation to landfill • Cost per ton at Rs. 648 to Onyx in the first year, versus Rs. 1050 incurred by Corporation. • 1913 control room no. used effectively,
CUTTACK • Issue of photo identity cards to sweepers for avoiding substitution and false attendance • Building capacities of stakeholders through training/workshops and exposure visits and media campaigns. • Neighbourhood groups, Mahila Samitis, Yuvak Sanghs and various community based organizations have been sensitized about ideal SWM practices • Introduction of Social Audit, whereby the community supervises the performance of sweepers/drain cleaners, beat wise, go a long way in maintaining an effective monitoring and accountability system.
Suryapet • First Bin Less And Zero Garbage Town • 100 % Door to Door collection. • The drain clogging problem has reduced to 95% • Training sanitary staff & organizing Meditation, Medication and Yoga (also called as MMY) classes • Motivation for storing waste at source (daily field visits from commissioner) • Competitions were conducted regarding segregation of waste for Slums & BPL households. • Tractor method with 3 workers, 2 compartments with simple detachable wooden
Namakkal • Announcements by two Mop-Up-Vans which will go on rounds • Demonstration of Pilot project adjacent to its office before starting IEC. • 100 % Door to Door collection. • No secondary storage (taken directly to landfill site) • The recyclables are separated at two identified recyclable units • Door to door waste collection was started by the municipal staff itself and the outsourced in 50:50 ratio but presently entire system is tendered out.
CDM projects in Municipal Solid Waste Management in India.Prevention of methane production due to decay of organic waste and production of fuel briquettes from organic waste at Natura Bio- fuels (Bangalore)Methane Avoidance by Municipal Solid Waste Processing in the city of Chandigarh, Integrated waste management to Energy project at DelhiKCDC, Bangalore Composting ProjectMunicipal Solid Waste based Composting at Kolhapur, MaharashtraMethane Avoidance by Municipal Solid Waste in Puri, Orissa Municipal Solid Waste processing (MSW) in the city of RajkotSESL 6 MW Municipal Solid Waste based Power Project, Vijayawada & GunturMethane Avoidance by Municipal Solid Waste Processing in Lucknow