Latin II/III Week 4
Relative Pronouns • used to relate to/ refer to some preceding word (antecedent) • the relative pronoun must agree with the antecedent in gender and number, but it takes the case for the clause it is used in. • English relative pronouns are expressed by: who, which, what, and that
Relative Clauses • The use of relative pronouns is to usually combine 2 related sentences. • ex) I watched the rugby game. The rugby game was on the TV. >>>>>> • I watched the rugby game that was on the TV. • In the one sentence you get a main sentence and a relative clause
practice • ex) Estregina quae in Africa habitavit. • She is the queen who lived in Africa. • quaeis feminine singular to agree with its antecedent regina, but quae is nominative since it is the subject of habitavit.
Declension of Relative Pronoun Singular plural quī, quae, quod - who, which
intensive adjective (can also be used as pronouns) ipse, ipsa, ipsum- himself, herself, itself Singular plural
Ablative of Accompaniment • When relative pronoun is used with cum, it is attached to the end of the pronoun • ex) Virquocumambulabamerataltus. The man with whom I was walking was tall.
Vocab • qui, quae, quod - who, which, that • lux, lucisf. – light • do, dare, dedi, datus – to give • inter (+acc) – between, among
Colosseum • http://www.history.com/videos/coliseum-deconstructed#coliseum-deconstructed
Colosseum • originally called the Flavian Amphitheatre, after the Flavian dynasty of Emperors including Vespasian, Titus and Domitian. • Built for the Roman citizens, entrance to the games were free • Used to please the citizens and keep them entertained • the area covers 6 acres, less than 10 years to build. (72 -80CE)
Games/Events • Gladiator fights, recreations of famous battles (land and sea), etc. • There were over 20 different types of Gladiators • The wild and exotic animals which included lions, tigers, hyenas, hippos, rhino's, crocodiles, ostriches, antelopes, bears and zebras • An estimated 700,000 people died in the bloody arena.
A Retractable Awning called the Velariumprovided cover and shade. Brackets supported 240 wooden masts on which canvas awnings were hung.
Translate • Ludos et pompaspopulusRomanusmagno studio spectabat. In Italia, in Africa, in Gallia conservanturtheatra et amphitheatraRomanorum, in quibusludietiamnunchabentur. Naturavirorumvariaestsedpauciludos non amant. • Captivi et servimali quos domini in amphitheatrummiserant in media arena pugnarecogebantur. PopulusRomanusstudiumludorumnumquamintermisit. Multacaptivi cum magnoanimopugnabant et libertatemobtinebant. Multi malivirietiam pro vita pugnabant et poenam in arena sustinebant.