Music of Latin America - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Music of Latin America

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  1. Music of Latin America “¡Viva México!”

  2. In This Unit, We Will… Explore the geography of areas with Latin American music Explore the instruments used in Latin American music Listen to music from different Latin American cultures, populations, and religious groups Sing songs from Mexico and other Latino regions

  3. “What Will I Be Doing?” You will be doing three different things… #1: Creating connections between content areas – Geography, History, Art, Technology, and Music #2: Listening to new music that you may never have heard before #3: Learning melodies, harmonies, and rhythms from different cultures

  4. Geography • Latin America includes… • South America and those parts of the Americas colonized by the Spanish and the Portuguese • Mexico • Central America • The Caribbean • Brazil • Argentina • Chile

  5. Languages Spoken Spanish is the “principal language” Portuguese Native American languages European languages Over 420 languages!

  6. Religions • Roman Catholic Christianity is the majority • Protestant • “Indigenous Rituals” • Argentina = Jews, Muslims

  7. Characteristics ofLatin American Music European influences African influences IndigenousPeople Of Bolivia

  8. Characteristics ofLatin American Music Left – Tango Right – Rumba HARMONY: Took folk melodies and popular music and adopted European harmonies, like guitar strumming Parallel Thirds: Singers and instrumentalists added a second melody two scale steps away Distinct Dance Rhythms: Music they can dance to!

  9. Harmony Took folk melodies and popular music and adopted European harmonies, like guitar strumming Lots of ORNIMATION (extra little decorative notes) Instrumentalists alternate between chords and rhythmic phrases (example: strum, strum, pick, pick, pick, strum, strum) Spoke of their culture in their songs (folk)

  10. “Sisquistrí” Solo harp, six-course Spanish guitar, lead singer and chorus TRANSLATION: “All the little flowers with the captivating faces, We dedicate this beautiful verse to you From these poor singers. I have a nice wish to tell you the truth… Because when I see you, you turn your head away If you do it because I am ugly, complain to my mother! No woman is ugly when she dresses and she dances and the dance platform sways this way in our land!”

  11. Parallel Thirds Singers and instrumentalists add a second melody two scale steps away “Escualo” Solo violin, cello strumming the parallel third, light percussion

  12. Distinct Dance Rhythms Music they can dance to! African drumming had a BIG influence on Latin American culture Dances were used in everyday life in Africa and mixed well with their celebratory use in South American culture Tango Dancing Competion Adele "Someone Like You" Rumba Dance Competition

  13. Other Types of Music • Samba –Originated from the “Brazilian Carnival,” translates to mean “dance circle.” • Carmen Miranda – Famous Brazilian actress • Bossa Nova – Derived from the Samba, more harmonic and less percussive

  14. Latin American Instruments INDIGENOUS INSTRUMENTS: Wooden flutes, drums, and rattles EUROPEAN INSTRUMENTS: Chordophone (guitar), harp, trumpet, clarinet, accordion, and saxophone AFRICAN INSTRUMENTS: Idiophone (bells), many types of drums (conga, bongos, claves, timbales), and the marimba

  15. Indigenous Instruments Wooden flutes, drums, and rattles South American Tribal Flute South American Street Performers

  16. European Instruments Chordophone (guitar), harp, trumpet, clarinet, accordion, and saxophone

  17. African Instruments The Marimba Super Mario Bros Theme Hedwig's Theme

  18. A Short Presentation • Anthony Ybarra Presentation at the University of California Santa Barbara African American Rhythms in Latin American Music (26.34 minutes)