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Ionic Bonding. Naming Ionic Compounds. Naming Ionic Compounds. The same as naming individual ions. Cation, Electron Donor, or Metal in compound is said first. Anion name is changed to …….ide and said second. Examples . Sodium Chloride Magnesium Oxide Lithium Nitride Potassium Bromide.

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Ionic bonding

Ionic Bonding

Naming Ionic Compounds


Naming ionic compounds
Naming Ionic Compounds

  • The same as naming individual ions.

  • Cation, Electron Donor, or Metal in compound is said first.

  • Anion name is changed to …….ide and said second.


Examples
Examples

  • Sodium Chloride

  • Magnesium Oxide

  • Lithium Nitride

  • Potassium Bromide


Using the correct name
Using the correct Name

  • K2S 7) SrS

  • 2) LiBr 8) Al2O3

  • 3) Sr3P2 9) MnO

  • 4) BaCl2 10) ZnO

  • 5) NaBr 11) ZnCl2

  • 6) MgF2 12) Cu2O


Notation
Notation

Ionic Notation

  • 3 Na+1

  • 1 PO4-3

    Ionic Compound Formula

  • NaCl

  • CaCl2

  • Na3(PO4)


Formulas
Formulas

Rules for Writing Formulas

  • Metallic Donor is always written first.

  • Nonmetallic Receiver is written second.

  • Write the number of atoms required to balance the formula as subscripts after the element in compound.

    • NaCl

    • MgO

    • MgCl2



Writing naming ionic compounds
Writing & NamingIonic Compounds

Na+1 & Br-1


Writing naming ionic compounds1
Writing & NamingIonic Compounds

Ca+2 & Br-1


Writing naming ionic compounds2
Writing & NamingIonic Compounds

K+1 & O-2


Writing naming ionic compounds3
Writing & NamingIonic Compounds

Li ? & N ?


Hw write the name of the compound
HW: Write the Name of the Compound

  • MgS 7) KBr

  • 2) Ba3N2 8) FeO

  • 3) NaI 9) SrF2

  • 4) Li2S 10) CaO

  • 5) Na3P 11) Al2O3

  • 6) KCl 12) Fe2O3


Formulae of binary ionic compounds
Formulae of binary ionic compounds

  • Binary – only two elements present

  • The rules –

    • symbol for the cation first, followed by the symbol for the anion.

    • Determine the lowest whole number ratio of ions that will provide a net charge of zero

  • The ‘crossover’ method is another way to determine formulae (check page 79)

  • Work through the Sample Problems page 80,81


Review
Review

  • Complete the revision questions page 81 (13 – 16)


Ions of variable charge
Ions of Variable Charge

  • Some transition metals have quite complicated arrangement of electrons and may be able to form more than one ion. Such ions have different charges.

  • This is very significant as ions of the same element with different charges have different physical and chemical properties.

  • Eg – a solution of Cr6+ is orange, whereas a solutions of Cr3+ is yellow.


Ions of variable charge1
Ions of Variable Charge

  • Iron can form FeO (black) and Fe2O3 (brown), each with different physical and chemical properties. Therefore you must name them differently.

  • They cannot each be called iron oxide.

  • Therefore black FeO containing Fe2+ ions is called iron (II) oxide.

  • The brown Fe2O3 contains Fe3+ ions and is name iron (III) oxide.


Ions of variable charge2
Ions of Variable Charge

  • Metal ions that form more than one cation include iron (II) and (III), copper (I) and (II), and mercury (I) and (II).

  • Note the roman numeral do not indicate the numbers of ions present in the compound, only the charge of the ion.


Ions of variable charge3
Ions of Variable Charge

  • Work through the Sample Problem page82


Review1
Review

  • Complete the revision questions page 82 (17,18)


Hw write the correct formula
HW: Write the Correct Formula

  • Magnesium Oxide

  • 2) Lithium Bromide

  • 3) Calcium Nitride

  • 4) Sodium Sulfide

  • 5) Copper (I) Sulfide

  • 6) Copper (II) Sulfide


Ionic bonding

Practice Exercise #1

  • Which will donate, Which will receive?

  • How many will be donated/received?

  • Write the Ionic Notation of each.

  • Write the formula for each of the following.

    • Lithium Oxide

    • Potassium Chloride

    • Sodium Nitride

    • Calcium Chloride

    • Magnesium Sulfide

    • Barium Nitride

    • Aluminum Fluoride

    • Aluminum Oxide

    • Aluminum Nitride


Polyatomic ions
Polyatomic ions

  • A polyatomic ion is a group of tightly bound atoms that behaves as a single unit and carries an overall charge. It may be a positively or negatively charged ion.

  • The carbonate ion is composed of one carbon atom and three oxygen atoms.

  • The whole group of four atoms carries a negative two charge.


Polyatomic ions1
Polyatomic Ions

  • Compound Ions

  • A group of COVALENTLY bonded atoms that have a net charge (anion or cation)

  • Most, but not all are Anions.


Polyatomics
Polyatomics

  • SO4-2 Sulfate

  • SO3-2 Sulfite

  • NO3-1 Nitrate

  • NO2-1 Nitrite

  • CO3-2 Carbonate

  • CN-1 Cyanide

  • OH-1 Hydroxide

  • NH4+1 Ammonium


Ionic bonding

Na3PO4

Na

P

O


Ionic bonding

Phosphate can accept 3 electrons.

PO4-3

O

When it does it has a negative 3 charge.

P

O

O

It is therefore called a………..

O


Ionic bonding

Sodium Phosphate

O

Na

O

P

O

Na

O

Na3PO4

Na


Practice exercise 3
Practice Exercise #3

Give the Ionic Notation and Formula for each.

  • Potassium Sulfate

  • Magnesium Sulfite

  • Aluminum Nitrate

  • Sodium Nitrite

  • Lithium Carbonate

  • Sodium Cyanide

  • Barium Hydroxide

  • Ammonium Chloride

  • Ammonium Hydroxide

    Draw/Diagram Magnesium Sulfite


Practice exercise 4
Practice Exercise #4

  • Write out the Ionic Notation, Formula and Names of the following ionic compounds:

    • Li and F - Na and CO3-2

    • Na and S - Li and OH-1

    • K and Br - NH4+1 and Cl

    • Rb and O - Ca and SO4-2

    • Ca and Cl - NH4+1 and OH-1

    • Mg and SO3-2 - Na and CN-1

    • Al and NO3-1 - NH4+1 and SO4-2


Polyatomic ions2
Polyatomic ions

  • Work through the Sample Problem pages 84, 85


Review2
Review

  • Complete the revision questions page 85 (19 – 21)


Hydrated ionic compounds
Hydrated ionic compounds

  • A number of ionic compounds, called hydrates, produce water when they decompose upon heating. When the formula of a hydrated compound is written, the number of water molecules is also included.

  • Eg. – the formula for iron(II) sulphate octahydrate is written as FeSO4. 8H2O.

  • This formula indicates that eight molecules of water are bonded within the ionic crystal for every one formula unit of FeSO4

  • Work through the Sample Problem page 86


Review3
Review

  • Complete the revision question page 86 (22)

  • Complete the multiple choice questions pages 86, 87

  • Complete review questions 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 10, 11, 13

  • Complete the Exam Practice Questions

  • Try this ionic compound construction kit- Ionic Compounds