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Academic Writing. Lesson 13 June 8, 2013 Lynn Mallory. Learning Targets. 1 . To analyze the conclusion section of a research paper and give advice to the author. 2 . To practice making sentences with modal verbs. 3 . To make strong conclusions about a topic using correct grammar.

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academic writing

Academic Writing

Lesson 13

June 8, 2013

Lynn Mallory

learning targets
Learning Targets

1. To analyze the conclusion section of a research paper and give advice to the author.

2. To practice making sentences with modal verbs.

3. To make strong conclusions about a topic using correct grammar.

4. To apply what we have learned about conclusions to our own writing.

what makes a conclusion different
What makes a conclusion different?
  • Results
  • Discussion =
  • Conclusions

http://netdna.seospecialist.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/conclusions-seo-analysis.jpg

evaluate this conclusion
Evaluate this conclusion

Effects of Steel Mill Dust on the Strength Characteristics of Black Cotton Clay Soils

From the tests and results obtained, the following conclusions can be drawn:

i. The addition of steel mill dust increased the Maximum Dry Density, MDD, of tropical black cotton soil by about 28%. The MDD increased from 1639Kg/m3 t0 2094Kg/m3 which is considered satisfactory to excellent.

ii. The Optimum Moisture Content, OMC, of the tropical black cotton soil was lowered by about 45% by the addition of steel mill dust.

iii. The addition of steel mill dust increased the UnsoakedCBR of the tropical black cotton soil by about 90% at 30% steel mill dust content. A peak unsoakedCBR value of 58.8% was obtained using the WAS compactive effort which is above the minimum CBR value of 40% required for subbase of lightly trafficked roads.

http://www.ijser.org/onlineResearchPaperViewer.aspx?Effects-of-Steel-Mill-Dust-on-the-Strength-Characteristics-of-Black-Cotton-Clay-Soils.pdf

but look at his introduction
But look at his introduction.

Black cotton soils (BCS) are dark coloured expansive clays found in North-East Nigeria and other parts of the world including India, USA and Canada.

Black cotton soils present various challenges to engineers all over the world due to its characteristic of severe loss of strength and swelling with respect to changes in moisture regime. As a result, structures, roads and highways constructed on black cotton soils are sub-ject to severe deformations and frequent repairs leading to high cost of maintenance.

Steel mill dust poses grave disposal problems; therefore the use of steel mill dust in soil stabilization is of much economic and environmental benefit.

writing an effective conclusion
Writing an effective conclusion
  • What implications could he make?
  • Who could benefit from what he learned?
  • What recommendations could he make?

Now, write a well developed paragraph to add to his conclusion.

modals practice
Modals Practice
  • Put these in order from strongest to weakest

I might go to the movies.

I will go to the movies.

I could go to the movies.

I may go to the movies.

I am going to the movies.

I should go to the movies.

I can go to the movies.

modals practice1
Modals practice
  • Draw a slip of paper from the bag.
  • Your friend is having this problem. Discuss together what advice you should give them. Make sure to use modals. Think about how strong you want your statements to be.