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International Governmental Organizations. Post WWII World. WWII altered world power Countries and people devastated U.S. emerged as a hegemonic power Had no psychological or physical damage; unlike other countries of Europe

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International Governmental Organizations


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post wwii world
Post WWII World
  • WWII altered world power
    • Countries and people devastated
    • U.S. emerged as a hegemonic power
      • Had no psychological or physical damage; unlike other countries of Europe
      • This catapulted the U.S. into a position to dictate a new international system
  • International System
    • Definition: organization & process that people use to interact across borders
      • Modern state is the most powerful unit in the system
        • Influence the world system
    • There are two parts to the international system: economic & political institutions
      • Predominant Belief: Faulty Economic and Political institutions led to WWII
post wwii world1
Post WWII World
  • Great Depression
    • Crippled World economies
      • Establishing higher tariffs to protect economies = downward spiral
      • New gov and new doctrines espoused by countries: Fascism, Socialism, Communism
    • Solution? – Restructure International system
      • Two objectives: 1) Foster world wide economic prosperity
      • 2) Weaken potentially aggressive states
    • Three institutions created to achieve objectives
      • International Governmental Organizations (IGO’s), World Bank, and International Monetary Fund (IMF)
i g o s
I.G.O.’s
  • International Governmental Organizations
    • Another option of governance – beyond the state
      • Modern day invention
        • Necessity drives their emergence
        • Special needs and organizations for unique problems
          • E.G. World Health Organization
      • Deal with problems (economic & social)
        • Powerful countries are responsible to preserve global cooperation
          • E.G. League of Nations from WWI
  • Reasons for growth
    • Governments are starting to turn to I.G.O.’s
      • International contact – the growth of internet and telecommunications
        • Interchanges need organization & structure
      • Increased problems & Challenges (Nuclear, genocides, environmental issues, etc.)
      • Increased security risks
        • Continue need for organization in health, foods, human rights, etc,.
      • Increased Global Trade –
        • Leveling the playing field – economically
i g o s roles
I.G.O.’s Roles
  • Why gov. rely on I.G.O.’s
      • Governments able to achieve greater global objectives & goals
      • The I.G.O.’s work & success relies on the organizations
  • Increasing roles of IGO’s
      • Provide arena to pursue interests
        • A place where nations can pursue interests internationally
        • People can work to get a place at the table (e.g. United Nations)
  • Facilitate cooperation among nations
      • Foster symbiotic relationships – what happens to all
        • E.g. health issues (Asian flu – potential threat for all)
        • Brings nations together – together they can tackle issue
      • Oceans and seas – regime created to govern and protect the ocean/seas
        • Stop pollution; promote regulations and norms for the oceans/seas
  • IGO’s Organization
    • Membership?
      • Any member can join
      • Must fall with in the scope of organization
        • Meet criteria
i g o activities
I.G.O. Activities
  • Establish Norms
      • Address violence (Human Rights)
      • Mediation (Air grievances)
        • Diplomatic Intervention
      • Economic Sanctions (Apply punishments)
      • Promote Economic development
      • Protect Environment
      • Promote Sovereignty