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The Evolution of the Italian Renaissance. Mr. Mitchell’s C.P. World History Class. Ideas and the Art of the Renaissance. St. Peter’s Basilica In Vatican city. HUMANISM / VERNACULAR.

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mr mitchell s c p world history class

The Evolution of the Italian

Renaissance

Mr. Mitchell’s C.P. World History Class

ideas and the art of the renaissance

Ideas and the Artof the Renaissance

St. Peter’s Basilica

In Vatican city

humanism vernacular
HUMANISM / VERNACULAR
  • AN INTELLECTUAL MOVEMENT OF THE RENAISSANCE BASED ON THE STUDY OF THE HUMANITIES, WHICH INCLUDED GRAMMAR, RHETORIC, POETRY, MORAL PHILOSOPHY, AND HISTORY
  • –THE LANGUAGE OF EVERYDAY SPEECH IN A PARTICULAR REGION
fresco perspective
FRESCO / PERSPECTIVE
  • PAINTING DONE ON FRESH, WET PLASTER WITH WATER-BASED PAINTS
  • ARTISTIC TECHNIQUES USED TO GIVE THE EFFECT OF 3-DIMENSIONAL DEPTH TO 2-DIMENSIONAL SURFACES
what characterized the renaissance where was this the most noticeable
What characterized the Renaissance? Where was this the most noticeable?
  • Secularism and Emphasis on the Individual
  • Intellectual and artistic accomplishments of the period
how did this impact education
How did this impact education?
  • The humanities were created of Humanism’s basis of studying the classics (Greece and Rome)
  • The Humanities include Grammar, Rhetoric, poetry, moral philosophy, history
how did humanist writers and artists views differ from writers in the middle ages
How did Humanist writers and artists views differ from writers in the Middle Ages?
  • Medieval writers had quoted the surviving classical texts in order to give authority to their religious writings
  • Humanists wanted to use classical values to revitalize their culture.
  • They saw the ancient Greek and Roman writers as their intellectual equals.
who was francisco petrarch identify two things that he looked to accomplish in aspect of latin
Who was Francisco Petrarch? Identify two things that he looked to accomplish in aspect of Latin?
  • Known as the father of Italian Renaissance humanism
  • He looked for forgotten Latin manuscripts and set in motion a search for similar manuscripts in monastic libraries throughout Europe.
  • Petrarch also began the humanist emphasis on using pure classical Latin.
what role did byzantine and islamic cultures have in the development of humanism
What role did Byzantine and Islamic cultures have in the development of Humanism?
  • Byzantine scholars provided knowledge of the ancient Greek language
  • Islamic scholars served as transmitters of ancient Greek culture.
slide10

Dante Alighieri

  • The Divine Comedy is a long poem describing the soul's journey to attain Paradise.

Who wrote the Divine Comedy and The Book of the City of Ladies? Briefly state the main idea of each of these books? Why were these books written in vernacular? --------- DIVINE COMEDY

slide12

Christine de Pizan

  • Pizan denounced the many male writers who had argued that women, by their very nature, are unable to learn – she said that women could attain learning as well as men if they could attend the same schools

Who wrote the Divine Comedy and The Book of the City of Ladies? Briefly state the main idea of each of these books? Why were these books written in vernacular? --------- THE BOOK OF THE CITY OF LADIES

  • So more people could read and understand them
in de pizan s view which do you think deserves more credit a strong body or a strong mind explain
In de Pizan’s view, which do you think deserves more credit: a strong body or a strong mind? Explain
  • A Strong Mind
  • De Pizanargues that a person’s gender does not determine his or her ability
slide14

Why was de Pizan’s assertion that women “have minds that are freer and sharper whenever they apply themselves” such groundbreaking idea during the Renaissance?

  • Even though the Renaissance was a time of humanism – women were still considered to be les intelligent than men – De Pizan insistence that women should have equal access to education is a pioneering concept
slide15

Some people believe weakness in one area indicates weakness in another: Others say weakness in one area often means strength in another. Which would de Pizan favor?

  • De Pizan seemed to favor compensation, that is, weakness in on area means strength in another area
slide16

According to Humanist of the time period, what was essential for all people to learn? Identify at least three reasons why this was important for people to learn the liberal arts and humanities?

  • To learn Liberal Studies (Liberal Arts) history, ethics, public speaking, grammar, logic, poetry, mathematics, astronomy, and music
  • Liberal studies enabled individuals to reach their full potential.
  • The purpose of a liberal education was to produce individuals who follow a path of virtue and wisdom.
  • Humanist educators thought that education was a practical preparation for life. Its aim was to create well-rounded citizens, not great scholars.
who pioneered movable type how did this invention helped to change the world
Who pioneered movable type? How did this invention helped to change the world?
  • Johannes Gutenberg
  • As the number of printing presses multiplied, the effects of new technology were felt in every area of European life.
slide18
What were artists and sculptors attempting to create during the Italian Renaissance? How was art changing because of their art?
  • Renaissance artists sought to imitate nature. They wanted viewers to be convinced of the reality of their subjects.
  • These artists were developing a new, human-focused worldview. To emphasize this, many artists painted the human body.
slide19
Who was Tommaso di Giovanni also known as Massaccio? What were two major things that he was able to do with his paintings?
  • His frescoes are the first masterpieces of Early Renaissance
  • Human figures in medieval paintings look flat, but Masaccio's figures have depth and "come alive."
  • By mastering the laws of perspective, Masaccio could create the illusion of three dimensions, leading to a new, realistic style.
masaccio s paintings
Masaccio’s Paintings

The Tribute Money

what were two major developments used by florentine painters during the 15 th century
What were two major developments used by Florentine Painters during the 15th Century?
  • One development stressed the technical side of painting
  • Investigation of movement and human anatomy.
lorenzo de medici
Lorenzo De Medici
  • “The Magnificent” – clever politician
  • Generous patron of the arts
  • Represented the Renaissance Ideal
  • PATRON - A person who provides financial support for the arts

Medici family Coat of Arms

some interesting facts about lorenzo de medici
Some interesting facts about Lorenzo De Medici
  • He constantly desired glory
  • He got very angry with anyone who equaled him
  • He wanted to equal and compete with all princes
  • He founded a university in Pisa
  • His gifts caused his expenses to multiply
  • He was on the verge of bankruptcy and borrowed money from his friends
sandro botticelli
Sandro Botticelli
  • First Major Artistic Genius under Lorenzo De Medici
  • His art often is said to epitomize the first modern views of the spirit of the Renaissance
  • Painted the first major works of art that defined the Italian Renaissance
adoration of the magi
Adoration of the Magi

Painted (1475-1476)

la primevera
La Primevera

Painted (1477-78)

what city state was lorenzo de medici from
What city-state was Lorenzo de Medici from?
  • Siena
  • Modena
  • Naples
  • Florence
  • The Papal States
quotes from leonardo da vinci
Quotes from Leonardo Da Vinci
  • “All of our knowledge has its origins in our perceptions”
  • “Wisdom is the daughter of experience”
  • “The greatest deception men suffer is from their own opinions”
  • “The worst evil which can befall the artist is that his work should appear good in his own eyes”
  • “It had long since come to my attention that people of accomplishment rarely sat back and let things happen to them – they went out and happened to things”
leonardo da vinci
Leonardo Da Vinci
  • Renaissance artists who made legendary works of art which included the Mona Lisa and the Last Supper
  • His talents extended past just painting – he encompassed a number of areas which included botany, anatomy, optics, music, architecture and engineering
  • HE IS KNOWN AS THE RENAISSANCE MAN BECAUSE HE HAD A WIDE RANGE OF TALENT IN MANY AREAS
list 4 of leonardo s traits that vasiri praised
List 4 of Leonardo’s Traits that Vasiri praised?
  • Personal Beauty
  • Grace
  • Ability in many fields
  • Personal Strength
  • Charm
according to vasiri why did leonardo often fail to finish many things
According to Vasiri, why did Leonardo often fail to finish many things.
  • Leonardo felt that his hands could not execute his mind’s creative ideas
slide34

Madonna and Child

By Berlinger Lucca (1228??)

By Da Vinci (1508)

how did da vinci s attention to anatomy reflect renaissance ideals
How did Da Vinci’s attention to anatomy reflect Renaissance ideals?
  • His sketches reflected the Renaissance impulse to portray the human figure and the natural world more realistically than had been accomplished in the past
  • This intense study is shown in the Realism of the Mona Lisa
why was the prior at santa maria delle grazie church upset with leonardo
Why was the prior at Santa Maria Delle Grazie church upset with Leonardo?
  • He wanted Leonardo to work faster
  • Leonardo explained that people of genius are really doing the most when they are working the least since they are thinking through artistic ideas and perfecting concepts
slide40

LEONARDO DIED BELIEVING THAT HE HAD OFFENDED GOD AND MAN BY NOT USING HIS TALENTS TO THE FULLEST. --- WHY DO YOU THINK HE FELT THIS WAY? DO YO AGREE WITH HIM?

michelangelo
Michelangelo
  • Full Name – Michelangelo Buonarroti
  • He was a genius, sculptor, engineer, painter, architect and poet
  • He created a number of masterpieces including designing the dome of the St. Peter’s Cathedral and the drawing of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
slide47

The Dome of

St. Peter’s Basilica

Designed in (1547)

raphael 1483 1520
Full name Raphael Santi (Urbino)

Legendary artists who blended Christian and classical styles

He is most known for his tender portrayals of the madonna as well as his painting the School of Athens

Raphael --1483-1520